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The Anglo-Saxons: 449

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Title: Elements of Literature Sixth Course Author: Nicole Svobodny Last modified by: stevenh Created Date: 10/26/2004 9:02:54 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxons: 449


1
The Anglo-Saxons 4491066Introduction to the
Literary Period
Feature Menu
Interactive Time Line Milestone The Celts in
Britain Milestone The Roman Occupation
Milestone The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Milestone
King Alfred against the Danes Milestone The
Spread of Christianity Milestone The Norman
Invasion What Have You Learned?
2
The Anglo-Saxons 4491066
Choose a link on the time line to go to a
milestone.
A.D. 1066 Norman Invasion
300s B.C. Celts in Britain
A.D. 449 Anglo-Saxon Invasion
55 B.CA.D.409 Roman Occupation
A.D.878 King Alfred against the Danes
A.D. 300
A.D. 1
A.D. 900
A.D. 1200
A.D. 600
300 B.C.
A.D. 400699 Spread of Christianity
3
The Celts in Britain
Before and during the 4th century B.C.
  • Britain home to several Celtic tribes
  • Britain named for one Celtic tribethe Brythons
  • Celtic religion a form of animism
  • Druids were Celtic priests

Stonehenge
4
The Roman Occupation
55 B.C.
Hadrians Wall
Julius Caesar invades Britain
A.D. 43
Celts defeated by Claudius
  • Romans build walls, villas, baths, roads

A.D. 409
Romans evacuate their troops
  • Britain left vulnerable to attack
  • Central government breaks down

Roman ruins
5
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Jutes
Angles
Saxons
Celts
A.D. 449 The Anglo-Saxons push the Celts into the
far west of the country.
6
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Anglo-Saxon Society
  • kinship groups led by strong warrior chief
  • people farmed, established local governments,
    produced fine craftwork
  • English emerged as a written language

7
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Page from Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Old English
8
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
The Anglo-Saxon religion
  • offered no hope of an afterlife
  • valued earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty,
    generosity, and friendship
  • similar to what we call Norse mythology

Wednesday
Thursday
9
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
The Anglo-Saxon bards
  • called scops
  • strummed harp as they sang
  • sang of heroic deeds
  • were often warriors

Why were the scops important?
  • Anglo-Saxons did not believe in afterlife
  • warriors gained immortality through songs

Anglo-Saxon harp
10
King Alfred against the Danes
8th9th centuries Vikings called Danes invade
Britain
871 Alfred of Wessex is king of England.
878 King Alfred unifies Anglo-Saxons against the
Danes.
King Sweyn and his Danish troops arrive in
England, from a manuscript (c. 14th century)
England becomes a nation.
11
The Spread of Christianity
Around A.D. 400
  • Christian monks settle in Britain
  • Christianity and Anglo-Saxon culture co-exist

By A.D. 699
  • British pagan religions replaced by Christianity

12
The Norman Invasion
1066
  • William of Normandy crosses the English Channel
  • William defeats Harold and Anglo-Saxon army
  • French replaces English as the language of the
    ruling class

The Norman Invasion, Bayeux Tapestry
13
What Have You Learned?
Indicate whether the following statements refer
to the time before, during, or after the
Anglo-Saxon era.
______ Viking invaders terrorized
England. ______ French became the language of
the ruling class. ______ England became
unified under Alfred the Great. ______ Animism
was the primary religious belief.
during
after
during
before
14
END
15
Viewing the Art
Invasion of the Danes
This image is in a manuscript produced by monks.
The artist has tried to create an illusion of
depth by stacking the objects one upon the other.
Activity Describe what is taking place in this
scene. What feeling is expressed on the faces of
the men?
16
Painted around 1130, this page relates the life
of Saint Edmund, an English king who became a
saint.
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