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The Anglo-Saxons: 449

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Title: Elements of Literature Sixth Course Author: Nicole Svobodny Last modified by: Jim Kelly Created Date: 10/26/2004 9:02:54 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxons: 449


1
The Anglo-Saxons 4491066
  • Introduction to the Literary Period

2
The Anglo-Saxons 4491066
Choose a link on the time line to go to a
milestone.
A.D. 1066 Norman Invasion
300s B.C. Celts in Britain
A.D. 449 Anglo-Saxon Invasion
55 B.CA.D.409 Roman Occupation
A.D.878 King Alfred against the Danes
A.D. 300
A.D. 1
A.D. 900
A.D. 1200
A.D. 600
300 B.C.
A.D. 400699 Spread of Christianity
3
Before and during the 4th century B.C.
  • Britain home to several Celtic tribes
  • Britain named for one Celtic tribethe Brythons
  • Celtic religion a form of animism
  • Druids were Celtic priests

Stonehenge
4
The Roman Occupation
55 B.C.
Hadrians Wall
Julius Caesar invades Britain
A.D. 43
Celts defeated by Claudius
  • Romans build walls, villas, baths, roads

A.D. 409
Romans evacuate their troops
  • Britain left vulnerable to attack
  • Central government breaks down

Roman ruins
5
Effects of Roman Invasion
  • Latin heavily influenced the English language
  • Relative Peace
  • Christianity begins to take hold in England (but
    does not fully displace Paganism for several
    hundred years)?

6
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Jutes
Angles
Saxons
Celts
A.D. 449 The Anglo-Saxons push the Celts into the
far west of the country.
7
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Anglo-Saxon Society
  • kinship groups led by strong warrior chief
  • people farmed, established local governments,
    produced fine craftwork
  • English emerged as a written language

8
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Page from Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Old English
9
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
The Anglo-Saxon religion
  • offered no hope of an afterlife
  • valued earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty,
    generosity, and friendship
  • similar to what we call Norse mythology

Wednesday
Thursday
10
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
The Anglo-Saxon bards
  • called scops
  • strummed harp as they sang
  • sang of heroic deeds
  • were often warriors

Why were the scops important?
  • Anglo-Saxons did not believe in afterlife
  • warriors gained immortality through songs

Anglo-Saxon harp
11
King Alfred against the Danes
8th9th centuries Vikings called Danes invade
Britain
871 Alfred of Wessex is king of England.
878 King Alfred unifies Anglo-Saxons against the
Danes.
King Sweyn and his Danish troops arrive in
England, from a manuscript (c. 14th century)
England becomes a nation.
12
The Spread of Christianity
Around A.D. 400
  • Christian monks settle in Britain
  • Christianity and Anglo-Saxon culture co-exist

By A.D. 699
  • British pagan religions replaced by Christianity

13
The Norman Invasion
1066
  • William of Normandy crosses the English Channel
  • William defeats Harold and Anglo-Saxon army
  • French replaces English as the language of the
    ruling class

The Norman Invasion, Bayeux Tapestry
14
Objectives
  • To identify characteristics of Anglo-Saxon
    culture as reflected in the writings of the
    period
  • To analyze the relationship between literature
    and history
  • To analyze the relationship between language and
    literature
  • To analyze the relationship between Old English
    and Modern English
  • To identify the literary elements of Anglo-Saxon
    poetry
  • To demonstrate an understanding of the
    Anglo-Saxon period and literature by writing
    compositions of analysis and comparisons

15
On a clean sheet of paperDont forget your name
  • Why is the Anglo-Saxon period usually dated from
    449?
  • Who is credited with the unification of England?
  • What function was performed by the scop?
  • What even brought the Anglo-Saxon period to a
    close?
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