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Anglo-Saxons 449-1066

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Great Britain was invaded by Angle and Saxon s Romans occupied Great Britain but evacuated troops due to troubles at home Loss of this protection made Great Britain ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Anglo-Saxons 449-1066


1
Anglo-Saxons 449-1066
2
Whats Going On?
  • Great Britain was invaded by Angle and Saxons
  • Romans occupied Great Britain but evacuated
    troops due to troubles at home
  • Loss of this protection made Great Britain
    vulnerable
  • They had a strong warrior culture
  • They occupied the island for 6 centuries
  • They were originally divided into clans and later
    unified by King Alfred

3
What Developed
  • Great Britain was known for their warrior-king
    and his close-knit group of followers
  • Great Britain finally defended itself from the
    Danes (due to King Alfred)
  • This helped unify the Angles and Saxons
    Anglo-Saxons
  • Christianity began to spread during this time

4
Important Date to Know
  • 1066-The Norman Invasion/Battle of Hastings
  • William of Normandy (William the Conqueror)
    crosses the English Channel
  • William defeats Harold and the Anglo-Saxon army
  • French replaces English as the language of the
    ruling class

5
Literature of the Times
  • Anglo-Saxons introduced a Germanic ethos (spirit
    of a culture, what they value)
  • Celebrated the warrior and his exploits
  • Based primarily on oral poetry- recited stories
    and magic
  • Used alliteration heavily
  • Spoke in Old English

6
Culture
  • Food and Drink
  • Oats, barley, wheat etc were popular for pottage
    and beers
  • Wine was for the wealthy
  • Peas and beans
  • Vegetables and herbs
  • Meat used the whole animal
  • Milk was used for mainly butter and cheese
  • Main meal was lunch
  • Gathered wood in summer
  • Used stoves
  • Boiling, stewing, grilling, and roasting were
    most common

7
Customs
  • Hard for kings to create new laws, most only
    upheld current laws
  • Kinship- family members were obliged to seek
    revenge on murdered family members
  • No juries, those being tried were responsible for
    gathering their own defense
  • Women had more rights now then in later time
    periods

8
Customs Continued.
  • When burying the dead, bodies were either put on
    a ship or buried beneath a mound

9
Whats an epic?
  • Long narrative poem about a quest, told in
    formal, elevated language
  • Larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of
    a particular culture
  • Incredible plot involving large-scale events
  • Mix of myth, legend, and history that often
    includes gods and goddesses as characters

10
Why is it Important?
  • Epics represent a cultures history, traditions,
    and values
  • Every culture has a story and wants everyone to
    know why their culture is great
  • Epics help humans bridge the gap between reality
    and divine (explain natural occurrences, etc)

11
First page of Beowulf
12
Beowulf
  • The longest epic poem written in Old English
  • Written after fall of Roman Empire
  • The original manuscript of Beowulf dates back to
    1000, however the poem is much older, dating back
    to 750.
  • Geographical descriptions and Christian elements,
    its assumed the writer may have been an
    Northumbria Monk (added Christian elements
    because fiction was not true, therefore a lie,
    which is a sin. They could get away with fiction
    if it contained Christian elements).
  • Does not take place in England

13
Summary
  • Englands oldest surviving epic
  • Tells the story of Beowulf who comes to the aid
    of the Danes to defeat Grendel, who has been
    tormenting the Danes for 12 years.
  • He fights Grendels mother and returns to
    Geatland (his home) and becomes the ruler
  • Later, he faces one last threat, a dragonhis
    last battle?!

14
Setting
  • Denmark---A loooooong time ago
  • This is where Beowulf goes to help Hrothgar and
    the Danes
  • Herot- the Mead Hall
  • Lake- swampy lake area, where Grendel and his
    mother live (yes, he lives with his mom!)
  • Sweden (where Beowulf is from)
  • Geatland-the town where Beowulf is from
  • Returns here and becomes ruler/leaderfights
    dragon here
  • DanelandDenmark (Danes)
  • GeatlandSweden (Geats)

15
Themes
  • Central Idea in a work of literature
  • Possible themes to watch out for
  • Importance of established identity
  • Heroic Codes vs. other value systems
  • Difference between a good warrior and a good king

16
Motifs
  • Reoccurring items, structures, and/or literary
    devices that help to inform the reader of the
    theme
  • Possible motifs
  • Monsters
  • Mead Hall

17
Symbols
  • Person, place, thing, or event that stands for
    itself and for something beyond itself (ex-dove
    is a symbol for peace)
  • Possible symbols
  • Golden Torque (collar or necklace)
  • The Banquet

18
Vocabulary
  • Epic Hero- has superhuman qualities. Either of
    noble birth or supernatural beings
  • Alliteration- repetition of consonant sounds
  • Kenning- A metaphorical phrase or compound word
    used to name a person, place, thing, or even
    indirectly.
  • Scop (pronounced shop)-an Anglo-Saxon poet who
    told his tales through song/chants
  • Wyrd (pronounced weird)-the Anglo-Saxon word for
    fate
  • Page 21 Vocabulary 6 words-define in your notes
    and use in a sentence (a different sentence than
    the one used in the book)
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