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The Anglo-Saxons

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... Alfred the Great becomes King 1066- Normans defeat Saxons; William the Conqueror becomes English king Beowulf Epic- sometimes called a heroic poem-Beowulf, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Anglo-Saxons


1
The Anglo-Saxons
  • 449-1066

2
Contributions of the British
  • Robin Hood and Shakespeare
  • Theory of Gravity
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Radar
  • Penicillin
  • The Beatles
  • Political system that many other countries,
    including the US, have imitated

3
Celtic Heroes and Heroines A Magical World
  • People
  • A. Celts Tall blonde warriors who had
    settled on Great Britain in the fourth century
  • B. Brythons Group of Celts who the island was
    named after (Britons)
  • Religion Animism
  • A. They saw spirits everywhere rivers, trees,
    stones, ponds, fire, and thunder
  • B. Sprits controlled all aspects of existence
  • C. The spirits had to be constantly satisfied-
    dancing rituals, human sacrifice, etc.

4
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5
Celtic Heroes and Heroines A Magical World
  • III. Writing
  • A. Mythology of the Celts has influenced
    English and Irish writers to this day.
  • B. Authors who were influenced by the Celts
    Thomas Majory and William Butler Yeats.
  • C. Celtic legends are full of strong women,
    fantastic animals, passionate love affairs,
    and fabulous adventures.

6
The Romans The Great Administrators
  • IV. The Britons were finally conquered by Rome,
    led by Julius Caesar, in 55 BC. Christianity took
    hold under the leadership of European
    missionaries. The old Celtic religion began to
    vanish. By A.D. 409, Romans had evacuated Britain
    leaving roads, walls, villas, great public baths,
    but no central government. The result was
    weakness, which led to many successful invasions
    by non-Christian peoples from the Germanic
    regions of central Europe.

7
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8
The Anglo-Saxons Sweep Ashore
  • V. In the middle of the 5th Century, attacks came
    from Angles and Saxons from Germany and Jutes
    from Denmark.
  • A. Changes
  • 1.Language Anglo-Saxon
  • 2.Became known as Engla land from the
    Angles
  • 3. Celts retreated to Wales

9
The Anglo-Saxons Sweep Ashore
  • B. Government
  • 1. Several independent principalities
    with its own king
  • 2. King Alfred of Wessex (871), Alfred the
    Great, led the Anglo Saxons against the
    invading Danes and won. He helped form a
    true nation

10
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11
The Anglo-Saxons Sweep Ashore
  • C. Christianity
  • A. Irish and Continental missionaries
    converted the kings
  • B. Provided a common faith and morality and
    right conduct
  • C. Linked England to Europe

12
The Anglo-Saxons Sweep Ashore
  • D. Battle - Continued until 1066 when both the
    Anglo-Saxons and Danes were defeated by the
    Normans.
  • 1. Danes Vikings who drove dragon powered
    boats destroying and ravaging anything and
    anybody in their path

13
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14
Anglo-Saxon Life The Warm Hall, the Cold World
  • VI. Life of the Anglo-Saxons
  • 1. Warfare was the order of the day
  • 2. As Beowulf shows, law and order were the
    responsibility of the leader
  • 3. Fame and success were gained only through
    loyalty to the leader and success was measured
    in gifts from the leader

15
The Anglo-Saxon Religion
  • VII. Despite Christianity, the old Anglo-Saxon
    religion with its warrior gods persisted.
  • A. Odin was the Norse god of death, poetry,
    and magic. Anglo-Saxons renamed him Woden
    (Wednesday). They believed he could help
    humans communicate with spirits.
  • B. Thunor (Thursday) was the god of thunder
    and lightning. His sign was the hammer and
    swastika, which is found on many Anglo-Saxon
    gravestones.

16
The Anglo-Saxon Religion
  • C. The dragon was another significant figure
    in Anglo-Saxon mythology. It seems to always be
    the protector of a treasure. It is a
    personification of death.
  • D. Overall, the religion was concerned with
    ethics, virtues of bravery, loyalty,
    generosity, and friendship.

17
The Bards Singing of Gods and Heroes
  • VIII. The communal hall offered shelter, a place
    for council meetings, and a place for
    storytelling. Skilled storyteller, or Bards, sang
    of gods and heroes. The Anglo-Saxons did not
    regard these Bards, called Scops , as inferior to
    warriors. Creating poetry was as important as
    fighting, hunting, farming, or loving. The poets
    sang to the strumming of a harp.

18
Time Line
  • 449- Angles, Saxons, and Jutes invade Britain
  • 516 King Arthur rules Celtic tribe
  • 547 Plague reaches Britain
  • 793- Vikings invade Britain
  • 871 Alfred the Great becomes King
  • 1066- Normans defeat Saxons William the
    Conqueror becomes English king

19
Beowulf
20
  • Epic- sometimes called a heroic poem-Beowulf, the
    Illiad, the Odyssey- are long narratives about
    the adventures of larger than life characters.

21
  • Characteristics of an epic
  • Hero - great leader, does great deeds in battle,
    or undertakes an extraordinary journey
  • Setting- Broad and often includes the upper and
    lower worlds
  • The gods or other supernatural, fantastic beings
    take part in the action

22
Characters
  • Beowulf- Son of Edgetho and nephew of Higlac,
    King of the Geats
  • Brecca- Chief of the Brondings and Beowulfs
    friend
  • Grendel- Man-eating monster who lives at the
    bottom of a foul mere, mountain lake
  • Herot- Golden guest hall built by King Hrothgar

23
Characters
  • Hrothgar- King of the Danes friend of Beowulfs
    father Edgetho
  • Unferth- One of Hrothgars skilled warriors. His
    sword, Hrunting, is used by Beowulf
  • Welthow- Hrothgars wife, queen of the Danes
  • Wiglaf- Beowulfs best friend who helps him with
    the battle of the dragon

24
Setting
  • Beowulf is set in the 6th or 7th century. It is
    not set in England, nor or its characters
    English. The story takes place in Scandinavia and
    involves the Geats (Sweden) and the Danes
    (Denmark). Scandinavians were known collectively
    as Anglo-Saxons. It was first put into writing by
    a scop in the 700s.
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