Culture of Modernism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Culture of Modernism PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 708478-MDIwM


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Culture of Modernism


Culture of Modernism Popular Culture in Europe Race and Nation 1890-1914 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:39
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 25
Provided by: mark1218


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Culture of Modernism

Culture of Modernism
  • Popular Culture in Europe
  • Race and Nation

Modernism and Progress
  • As an intellectual movement, modernism was based
    on the belief that the problems of modern society
    could be solved by scientific knowledge and
  • Modernism accepted that accelerated change was
    permanent and encouraged its followers to seek
    out the new
  • What was holding back the progress to a better
    world was adherence to tradition and fear of
    moving forward

The advent of mass culture
  • The public sphere that had been developing since
    the Renaissance exploded with mass production of
    daily newspapers
  • Along with the advent of mass political
    participation there developed the idea of a mass
    public who were interested in science, culture,
    and art which before tended to be the purview
    of societys elites

Popular Science
  • In the 1820s Auguste Comte, the father of
    sociology, claimed that science was a religion
    and that modern society was heading into a
    scientific phase
  • Compte helped to promote the idea that science
    could solve any problems that human beings would
  • Also important for promoting the idea that there
    was a science to society

Urban Spaces
  • One of the major challenges to modernist optimism
    was the state of cities that had grown quickly
    during the industrial revolution
  • Overcrowding, slums, lack of infrastructure
    characterized the problems of the overgrowth of
    essentially medieval cities and lack of
    planning was causing tensions in new cities

Case Study Paris
  • Between 1850 and 1870 George-Eugene Haussmann was
    commissioned by Napoleon III to drastically
    modernize the city of Paris
  • In order to do so, Haussmann had to first
    demolish much of the medieval city in order to
    make way for things like running water and gas
  • Another major concern was to build a city that
    would give easy access to troops in case of a
    revolutionary uprising

Cartoon showing demolition teams taking over Paris
A cross, section of a new boulevard, showing
allowances for water and gas
Haussmann Style
  • His style was characterized by wide boulevards
    built around a grid pattern to make it easier for
    growing traffic and shopping
  • Paris had become a centre of the bourgeois life
    and Haussmann responded to that by making it
    easier to shop, to get from one end of the city
    to the other
  • Railway stations around the city brought in
    passengers from outside the city
  • Green areas and parks set up

  • Façade of a new apartment block
  • The bottom level would house shops and would
    get more prestigious as it went up

  • Sidewalk cafés (left) offered a new space for
    public interaction New department stores (right)
    offered new forms of public consumption

(No Transcript)
Shift in the Arts
  • Artists also embraced modernism believing that
    they had to challenge traditionalism
  • As the face of Paris was changing under
    Haussmann, there was also a growing change in the
    taste for art
  • The reigning taste in art, judged by the Académie
    de Beaux Arts, promoted a rigid style based on
    classical and religious themes

Jean-Léon Gérôme, Phryne before the Areopagus
Alexandre Cabanel Harmonie (1877)
  • The style known as impressionism brought together
    a number of artists who rejected the rigid style
    of the Académie
  • Setting up exhibitions of their own, artists like
    Edouard Manet, Claude Monet, Paul Cezane and
    others shocked the public but also developed a
    strong following

Edouard Manet, The Luncheon on the Grass, 1863
  • It was from Claude Monets painting (Impression,
    Sunrise) the impressionism got its name though
    it was meant as an insult by a reviewer who
    panned the show

Paul Cézane, The Card Players, (1890s)
Camille Pissaro, Boulevard Montmarte, Winter
Morning (1897)
Appeal of impressionism
  • Impressionism appealed to the new urban middle
    class who saw in these works a reflection of
    their own lives and experiences
  • These works tend to emphasize every-day, ordinary
    subject matter a snapshot of reality (at a time
    when photography was developing as a new art form)

Mass Society
  • The society that developed out of the Industrial
    Revolution was largely urban
  • Some saw a great future ahead for humanity as a
    result (the optimists) while others saw it as a
    society in decay and decline (pessimists)
  • Many wondered on what principles such a society
    should be run what was the place of the

Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
  • A vocal critic of modern society, which he
    believed turned people into drones, or robots
  • Believed that the general tenor of modern society
    was to turn people into slaves taking away
    their self-realization and humanity

  • Futurism was an aggressive and political movement
    in Italy that glorified the age of machines
  • Through art, literature, poetry, and theatre
    aimed to reach the potential of modern life

Tomasso Marinetti, 1876-1944
  • The twentieth century began with a strong wave of
    optimism about the possibilities of mass society
    and modern life
  • That optimism, however, would be challenged by
    the outbreak if World War I in 1914
  • Though modernism would survive the war its
    foundations were much less optimistic