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Classicism Romanticism Modernism


Title: Classicism Romanticism Modernism Author: Shepherd College Last modified by: Administrator Created Date: 8/24/2001 5:00:27 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Classicism Romanticism Modernism

What is modern fiction? From what youve read so
far this year, what is your subjective definition
of modern fiction at this point? List some
characteristics of modern fiction.
Romantic is
  • Candle light dinner, charming gentlemen
  • Exotic or dreamlike, heroic events
  • Poems about love

Second coming of
  • Satan
  • Christ
  • Hell
  • Heaven

  • Philosophy of life
  • Monster from the desert
  • Animal from hell

Inspired by
  • 9/11
  • WWI
  • WWII
  • Russian Revolution
  • Spanish American War

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  • Understand stories up to After I Was Thrown in
    the River
  • The Second Coming
  • TONE
  • Modernism an introduction.
  • Groupwork understanding Eggars in the context of

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  • As I go over the tenets of Modernism, write down
    any of the ideas that seem relevant to a
    Modernist interpretation of the story After I
    Fell In the River
  • You may also want to add the other story titles
    to your notes when ideas come up that seem to be
    illustrated by the texts.
  • You will be writing a paper that applies an
    understanding of Modernism to the texts weve
  • Youll also be comparing a painting in these
    terms. Remember
  • Style is one way to connect, theme is another,
    and sometimes they are interwoven.

How is this painting modern? JACKSON POLLOCK
Lavender Mist (1950)
Modernism . . .
  • is a comprehensive but vague term for a movement
    which began to get under way in the closing years
    of the 19th c. One question is, Why?
  • What events might inspire an artist to create
    such a painting as this one?

PIET MONDRIAN Composition 10 (1939-1942)
Modernism pertains to all the creative arts,
especially poetry, fiction, drama, painting,
music and architecture.
Persistence of Memory Salvador Dali
  • Modernism was largely brought about by the
    convergence of several factors
  • The devastation caused in Europe after World War
    I, when the most enlightened and advanced nations
    on the earth came together to kill each other in
    staggering numbers.

  • The wholesale urbanization and industrialization
    that took place during the nineteenth century.
  • The fragmentation of belief in the unified
    individual that occurred as the result of the
    work of several scientists and philosophers.

Karl Marx
  • Asserted that human moral, cultural, and
    religious values were caused not by any inherent
    sense of good or evil but by the requirements of
    a particular system.

Charles Darwin
  • Discovered that the evolution of species was the
    result of natural selection and competition
    rather than through any special act of purposeful

Sigmund Freud
  • Asserted that most elements of the human
    personality were the result of various
    psycho-sexual traumas experienced in infancy and
    early childhood and stored in the subconscious

Albert Einstein
  • Discovered that even most of the physical
    properties in the universe (time, space, size,
    weight, density, gravity, etc.) were relative.

Philosophical Tenets of Modernism
  • Challenged tradition and the status quo
  • Fascination with the new, the modern, the
  • Focus on form and stylistic experimentation
  • Exploration of perception and representation
  • Critique of realism in how we represent the world

Aesthetic Tenets of Modernism
  • Abandonment of traditional rules for creating
    art, music, and literature
  • Fragmented representations of time, meaning, and
    human nature
  • Sense of loss, alienation, abandonment, and
  • Attempts to find new kinds of truth in the
    absence of any traditional way to ground meaning
    or significance

Which tenets might this artist be
addressing? The Treachery of Images (1929)
How do the following paintings represent some of
these tenets?
  • Paul Klee

MARC CHAGALL I and the Village (1911)
VINCENT VAN GOGH The Starry Night (1889)
PABLO PICASSO Self-Portrait with Palette(1906)
MARCEL DUCHAMP Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2
EDVARD MUNCH Evening on Karl Johan (1892)
The Lovers II René Magritte
Compared to what?
  • I dont get itpeople always painted weird stuff
    I hate art what does this have to do with English
    class this isnt art class who cares about Freud
    why did those people have bags on their heads
    when is he gonna tell us what that dog story was
    about I want peanut butter I Leslie brings my gym
    shorts before lunch. Apricot. Ap Ap Ap reeeeeee

Realistic representation/ mythology/ the
perfection of Man/ Religion
Religion/ Hierarchical representation
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The Glory of War/ Nationalism over Individualism
To reiterate, the avant-garde ("first wave")
movements that emerged in the late nineteenth and
early twentieth centuries (such as symbolism,
cubism, futurism, Dada, and surrealism)
accelerated the break with the past. Following
the horrors of the Great War, modernism emerged
as a new aesthetic philosophy.
Some definitions that might be helpful include .
. .
  • Symbolism Style of painting or writing that
    makes use of colors and sounds as symbols.
  • Gustav Klimt The Kiss
  • 1907-1908

Cubism . . .
  • is a style of painting, drawing, and sculpture in
    which objects are represented by cubes and other
    geometric forms rather than by realistic details.
  • Pablo Picasso
  • The Guitar Player 1910

Futurism . . .
  • is a modern movement in art and writing
    characterized by attempts to express the
    sensation of movement and growth in objects, not
    their appearance at some particular moment.
  • Kazimir Malevich
  • Morning in the Village After Snowstorm 1912

Dadaism . . .
  • is a movement in modern art rejecting and
    ridiculing all accepted standards and
    conventions. Dada is a childs word for a
  • Marcel Duchamp
  • Mona Lisa 1919

Surrealism . . .
  • is a modern movement in art and painting that
    attempts to show what takes place in dreams and
    in the subconscious mind. Surrealism is
    characterized by unusual and unexpected
    arrangements and distortions of images.
  • Salvador Dali
  • Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition
    of Civil War) 1936

How does the following poem indicate a modern

The Red Wheelbarrow so much
depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed
with rain water beside the
white chickens. William Carlos Williams
Futurism exhorted writers and artists to
celebrate the new and to abandon the attitudes
and values of the past. Dadaism dada,
babytalk in French for hobbyhorse nonsense
collages of street debris as art and poems
composed of random syllables or words pulled out
of a paper bag, or of several unrelated passages
read aloud simultaneously. A number of Paris
Dadaists became Surrealists. Cubism presents
an experience as fragmented elements rearranged
to form a new synthesis, or whole.
Modern Fiction
  • No longer certain that art had a didactic
    function, writers questioned the moral and
    artistic purposes of literature. Culture no
    longer provided a set of shared beliefs but
    instead was fragmented and individualized.
  • Language itself was seen as an unreliable medium,
    with an uncertain relationship to reality the
    very notion of clear, straightforward
    communication between people was brought into

Thats not it at all, thats not what I meant at
T.S. Eliot
How We Are Hungry After I Was Thrown in the
  • The characters and narrators in How We Are
    Hungry, in which longer stories are interspersed
    with some of Eggers's Guardian pieces, find
    themselves on the edgeon the verge of
    breakdowns, breakups and other crises
  • His narrative responds in kind, patrolling what
    lies on and beyond the far edges of speech and
    thought. In the work of lesser writersincluding
    some of those for whom Eggers has become a
    talismansuch narration can shrink into an
    aesthetic of studied faux-inarticulacy ... it is
    a mark of what Eggers can achieve at his best
    that his feeling for speech and its limitations
    rarely hits false notes.

Influenced by the work of Sigmund Freud, authors
made the interior their stage. Unlike the
realists, who had created broad social portraits,
the modernists emphasized the individual and the
subjectivity of perception. To this end,
modernist writers, such as T. S. Eliot, James
Joyce, Virginia Woolf, Ezra Pound, Gertrude
Stein, and D.H. Lawrence, experimented with new
uses of language and imagery and new narrative
structures. Modernist novelists employed
stream-of-consciousness narration, multiple
points of view, and fragmented, nonsequential
The first and last line of James Joyces
Finnegans Wake riverrun, past Eve and Adams,
from swerve of shore to bend of bay, brings us by
a commodius vicus of recirculation back to Howth
Castle and Environs.
Some characteristics to look for in Modernist
works include
  • Alienation from society and loneliness
  • Procrastination/an inability to act
  • Agonized recollection of the past/constant
    flashbacks to the past
  • Fear of death and the appearance of death
  • Inability to feel or express love
  • World as a wasteland/poor environmental portrayal
  • Man creating his own myths within his mind to
    fall back upon

Major themes emerging in Faulkner, Hemingway,
Fitzgerald, and others of the period include
  • Violence and alienation
  • Historical discontinuity
  • Decadence and decay
  • Loss and decay
  • Rejection of history
  • Race relations
  • Unavoidable change
  • Sense of place, local color

In the final analysis . . .
Modernism saw the rise of the individual genius,
one who repudiated the mass culture of the cinema
and the rise of consumerism. These brilliant
writers, however, alienated from the world,
further estranged themselves from understanding,
with little social concern, with little sense or
care except for the reception of the educated
audience. This stance left the door open for the
post-modern artist, one who is often left with
only two responses to the angst of modernism
parody and amused, ironic detachment.
Coming soon or now-ishTraditional, boring
  • Analytical paper Short stories in a Modern
  • Modernism and Literary Terms
  • Uber-quiz (next B Day)

Post-Modernism Whatever
  • Jeff Koons
  • Michael Jackson and Bubbles
  • 1988
  • 42 x 70 1/2 X 32 1/2