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The Restoration Colonies

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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY & Modified by Mrs. Christy WYHS Whitehall, OH – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Restoration Colonies


1
The Restoration Colonies
Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua,
NY Modified by Mrs. Christy WYHS Whitehall, OH
2
British economic moves
  • Navigation Acts
  • Unified Kingdom
  • West Indian sugar
  • African slaves

3
King Charles II
  • Proprietorship- land given to an aristocrat by
    the Crown
  • Goal was manorial system (feudalism)
  • Carolinas
  • Pennsylvania
  • New Jersey
  • New York

4
New Netherlands Becomes a British Royal Colony
  • Charles II granted New Netherlands land to his
    brother, the Duke of York, before he controlled
    the area!
  • Renamed New York
  • England gained strategic harbor between her
    northern southern colonies.
  • England now controlled the Atlantic coast!

5
Pennsylvania
6
The Quakers
  • Called Quakers because they quaked during
    intense religious practices.
  • Bought didnt simply take land from Indians.
  • Quakers went among the Indians unarmed.
  • BUT.. non-Quaker Europeans flooded PA
  • Treated native peoples poorly.
  • This undermined the actions of the Quakers!

7
William Penn
  • Aristocratic Englishman.
  • Embraced Quakerismafter military service.
  • 1681 ? he received agrant from king toestablish
    a colony.
  • This settled a debt the king owed his father.
  • Named Pennsylvania Penns Woodland.

8
Royal Land Grant to Penn
9
Penns Treaty with theNative Americans
10
Pennsylvanian Society
  • Attracted many different people
  • Religious misfits from other colonies.
  • Many different ethnic groups.
  • No provision for military defense.
  • No restrictions on immigration.
  • No slavery!!
  • Blue Laws sumptuary laws ? against stage
    plays, cards, dice, excessive hilarity, etc.

A society that gave its citizens economic
opportunity, civil liberty, religious freedom!!
11
Philadelphia Boston Compared
12
Urban Population Growth1650 - 1775
13
The Carolinas
14
The West Indies ? Way Station to Mainland America
  • 1670 ? a group of small English farmers from the
    West Indies arrived in Carolina.
  • Names for King Charles II.
  • The King granted Carolina to 8 supporters Lord
    Proprietors.

15
Back to EnglandMercantilism
  • Theory- colonies produce agricultural good raw
    materials then English merchants would carry them
    to England
  • Some good would be traded
  • Others would be manufactured then exported
  • Good from America had to pass through England

16
James II
  • Divine right of Kings
  • Navigation Acts
  • Dominion of New England
  • Mass. Bay, CT, RI, Plymouth
  • Glorious Revolution- William Mary

17
Northern Maritime Economy
  • New England West Indies
  • NE would ship wheat, corn, bread
  • Bills of exchange

18
Effects
  • More transatlantic trade
  • More British German migrants
  • Growing cities
  • Growing upper class
  • Growing large working class

19
Salutary Neglect
  • King George I II
  • Loophole in the new Navigation Act
  • Helped the French West Indies produce low-cost
    sugar outsell Britain in Europe
  • Led to the Molasses Act 1733
  • currency issues
  • Currency Act 1751
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