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The Restoration Colonies

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Settling the Middle [or Restoration Colonies GOALS profit and individual betterment. New Netherlands & New Sweden Founded in the 1660s by: Friends of British ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Restoration Colonies


1
The Restoration Colonies
2
Settling the Middle or Restoration Colonies
GOALS ? profit and individual betterment.
3
New Netherlands New Sweden
  • Founded in the 1660s by
  • Friends of British King Charles II.
  • Land speculators.
  • Middle class farmers craftsmen.

4
More Like Later America Than Other Regions!
  • Economic diversity.
  • Large cities ? more cosmopolitan culture.
  • Some slavery 6-12 of the population.
  • Ethnic and religious diversity.
  • Religious toleration.
  • Bread Colonies.

5
New York Manors Land Grants Patroonships Owner
of company
6
New York Harbor, 1639
7
New Amsterdam
8
Peter Stuyvesant
Governor of New Amsterdam
9
Peter Stuyvesant
  • Major figure in the early history of New York
    City (New Netherlands)
  • Built protective wall on Wall St.
  • Built the canal that became Broad Street
  • Developed Broadway

10
New York Then and Now
11
William Penn
Preached religious freedom Equal treatment of
Native Americans Founded the Society of
Friends aka. Quakers Given a royal land
grant by Charles II to found PA
The Holy Experiment
12
Royal Land Grant to Penn
13
Penn Native Americans
  • Believed Natives should be treated fair
  • If land was taken, market price should be given
    as compensation
  • Both equal white and Native representation for
    disputes

14
Penns Treaty with theNative Americans
15
Urban Population Growth1650 - 1775
16
Ethnic Groups
17
Settling the Lower South
  • 1660s 1730s
  • The Carolinas Georgia.
  • Planters yeomen farmers from VA or the Sugar
    Islands.
  • Debtors other petty criminals.

18
Port of Charles Town, SC
The only southern port city.
19
Crops of the Carolinas
Rice
Indigo
20
Rice Indigo Exportsfrom SC GA 1698-1775
21
Founder of Georgia
A buffer zone between Britains North American
colonies Spanish Florida.
JamesOglethorpe
22
The Trustees of Georgia
Painted by William Verelst, 1734
23
1733 Savannah
Grill pattern of settlement.
24
18c Southern Colonies
25
1670 - 1680 A Decade of Crisis
26
King Philips War,1675 1676
  • Conflict between the Native tribes of New England
    and English settlers (also some Natives)
  • Over half of the colonists towns (90ish) were
    attacked
  • About 1 of 65 colonists were killed (one of the
    highest ratios in American history
  • War ends when Metacom is killed

Metacom, known to the English as King Phillip
27
King Philips War,1675 1676)
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