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The Restoration Colonies

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The Mid-Atlantic and Southern Colonies Mr. G. Grace Christian Academy of Maryland * * * * * * * * * * * * * Rice & Indigo Exports from SC & GA: 1698-1775 Georgia 18c ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Restoration Colonies


1
The Mid-Atlantic and Southern Colonies
Mr. G.Grace Christian Academy of Maryland
2
New York
3
Settling the Middle Colonies
4
Henry Hudsons Voyages
An English explorer employed by a Dutch company
sailed up the river that now bears his name He,
his son and 8 other loyal crewmen were left
abandoned by the rest of his crew
5
New Netherlands
  • New Netherlands ? founded in the Hudson River
    area (1623-1624)
  • Not founded for religious reasons-Established by
    Dutch West India Company for quick-profit fur
    trade.
  • Company wouldnt pay much attention to the
    colony.
  • The island of Manhattan New Amsterdam
  • Purchased by Company (Peter Minuit) from Indians
    for only pennies per (22,000) acre. (24)

6
New Amsterdam, 1660
  • Characteristics of New Amsterdam
  • Aristocratic ? patroonships feudal estates
    granted to rich guys who would settle 50 people
    on them.
  • Cosmopolitan ? diverse population with many
    different languages.

7
New York Manors Land Grants Patroonships
8
New Netherlands New Sweden
9
Swedish Settlement
  • Mid-1600s ? Sweden settled small, under-funded
    colony called New Sweden near New Netherland
    in the lower Delaware River Valley.
  • Introduced log cabins
  • 1655 ? Dutch under director-general Peter
    Stuyvesant attacked New Sweden.
  • Fort Christina (Wilmington, DE fell after
    bloodless siege.
  • New Sweden absorbed by New Netherland.

10
New Netherlands Becomes a British Royal Colony
  • Charles II granted New Netherlands land to his
    brother, the Duke of York, before he controlled
    the area!
  • 1664 ? English soldiers arrived.
  • Dutch had little ammunition and poor defenses.
  • Stuyvesant forced to surrender without firing a
    shot-people didnt want to fight.
  • Renamed New York
  • England gained strategic harbor between her
    northern southern colonies.
  • England now controlled the Atlantic coast!

11
Duke of Yorks Original Charter
12
New Amsterdam, 1664
13
Dutch Influence in New York
Early 20c Dutch Revival Building in NYC.
New York Cityseal.
  • Names ? Harlem, Brooklyn
  • Architecture ? gambrel roof
  • Customs ? Easter eggs, Santa Claus, waffles,
    bowling, sleighing, skating, kolf golf.

14
Pennsylvania
15
The Quakers
  • Called Quakers because they quaked from deep
    religious emotion
  • Persecuted in England and in other colonies
  • Refused to pay taxes to support the Church of
    England.
  • No paid pastor
  • Keep hats on.
  • Addressed them as commoners ? thees/thous.
  • Wouldnt take oaths.
  • Pacifists (anti-war).

16
William Penn
  • Wealthy Englishman.
  • 1660 attracted tothe Quaker faith.after
    military service.
  • 1681 ? he received agrant from king toestablish
    a colony.
  • This settled a debt the king owed his father.
  • Named Pennsylvania Penns Woodland.
  • He sent out paid agents and advertised for
    settlers ? his pamphlets were pretty honest.
  • attracted many immigrants.

17
Royal Land Grant to Penn
18
Penn Native Americans
  • Bought didnt simply take land from Indians.
  • Quakers went among the Indians unarmed.
  • Founded Philadelphia-the city of brotherly love
  • BUT.. non-Quaker Europeans flooded PA
  • Treated native peoples poorly.
  • Many Germans migrated to PA
  • Religious freedom for all

19
Penns Treaty with theNative Americans
20
Pennsylvanian Society
  • Diverse
  • No restrictions on immigration-anybody could
    come.
  • No slavery!!
  • Blue Laws? against stage plays, cards, dice,
    excessive hilarity, etc.

A society that gave its citizens economic
opportunity, civil liberty, religious freedom!!
21
Philadelphia Boston Compared
22
Urban Population Growth1650 - 1775
23
New Jersey
24
New Jersey PAs Neighbor
  • 1664 ?rich businessmen recvd. the area from the
    Duke of York.
  • Many New Englanders because of worn out rocky
    soil moved to NJ.
  • 1674 ? West NJ sold to Quakers.
  • East NJ eventually acquired by Quakers.
  • 1702 ? E W NJ combined into NJ and created one
    colony.

25
Delaware
26
Delaware PAs Neighbor The 3 Lower Counties of
PA
  • Named after Lord De La Warr harsh military
    governor of VA in 1610.
  • Closely associated with Penns colony.
  • 1703 ? granted its own assembly.
  • Remained under the control of PA until the
    American Revolution.

27
Ethnic Groups
28
The Carolinas
29
The West Indies ? Weigh Station to Mainland
America
  • 1670 ? a group of small English farmers from the
    Barbados arrived in the Carolinas.
  • Overcrowding, disease and natural disasters in
    Barbados
  • Brought a few black slaves and a model of the
    Barbados slave code with them.
  • The colony was originally named in honor of King
    Charles I, as Carolus is Latin for Charles.
  • They hoped to use Carolina to supply their
    plantations in Barbados with food and export
    wine, silk, and olive oil to Europe.

30
Settling the Lower South
31
Port of Charles Town, SC
  • Also named for King Charles II of England.
  • Became the busiest port in the South.
  • City with richy feel.
  • Religious toleration attracted diverse
    inhabitants.
  • Called Charleston today

32
Crops of the Carolinas Rice
  • Rice was still an exotic food in England.
  • Was grown in Africa, so planters imported West
    African slaves.
  • These slaves had a genetic trait that made them
    immune to malaria.
  • By 1710 ? black slaves were a majority in
    Carolina.

American Long Grain Rice
33
Crops of theCarolinas Indigo
  • In colonial times, the main use for indigo was as
    a dye for spun cotton threads that were woven
    into cloth for clothes.
  • Today in the US, the main use for indigo is a dye
    for cotton work clothes blue jeans.

34
Rice Indigo Exportsfrom SC GA 1698-1775
35
Georgia
36
18c Southern Colonies
37
Late-Coming Georgia
  • Founded in 1733.
  • Last of the 13 colonies.
  • Named in honor of King George II.
  • Founded by James Oglethorpe.

38
Georgia--The Buffer Colony
  • Chief Purpose of Creating Georgia
  • As a buffer between the valuable Carolinas
    Spanish Florida French Louisiana.
  • Export silk and wine.
  • A haven for debtors thrown in to prison.
  • Determined to keep slavery out!
  • Slavery found in GAby 1750.

39
The Port City of Savannah
  • Diverse community.
  • All Christians except Catholics enjoyed religious
    toleration.
  • Missionaries worked among debtors and Indians ?
    most famous was John Wesley.
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