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Northern and Middle Colonies

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Northern and Middle Colonies Puritans Pilgrims/Separatists Mayflower Compact William Bradford Massachusetts Bay Colony Congregational Church Work ethic – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Northern and Middle Colonies


1
Northern and Middle Colonies
  • Puritans
  • Pilgrims/Separatists
  • Mayflower Compact
  • William Bradford
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Congregational Church
  • Work ethic
  • Blue Laws
  • Rhode Island
  • Anne Hutchinson
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  • Town meetings
  • Northern Colonies (Leave room for a small chart)
  • Restoration
  • Dominion of New England
  • Colonial Governors
  • Salutary neglect
  • Pennsylvania
  • Middle Colonies (Leave room for a small chart)
  • King Philips War
  • Settlement differences
  • New Amsterdam
  • New Jersey

2
Puritans Their Great Migration
  • Puritans fled England due to religious
    persecution
  • Puritans wanted to purify the church
  • They were not so pure they liked to drink and
    have sex
  • Brought lots of barleys and hop in barrels
  • They thought it was their job to populate the
    world
  • They didnt want other groups in their
    settlements
  • They supported religious freedom, but only for
    them

3
Here come the Pilgrims
  • The Pilgrims were a groups of Puritans that
    wanted to separate from the Church of England
    (Separatists)
  • They were kicked out of Holland and England and
    then came to America in 1620
  • They landed in Massachusetts, but were supposed
    to be in Virginia
  • Not everyone of the Mayflower was a Pilgrim (35
    of 102)
  • 66 days of travel
  • Before going on land, the passengers made an
    agreement called the Mayflower Compact early
    attempt at self government
  • Adult males would have town meetings to discuss
    issues

4
Pilgrims vs Indians
  • We found a place like a grave. We decided to dig
    it up. We found first a mat, and under that a
    fine bow. We also found bowls, trays, dishes, and
    things like that. We took several of the
    prettiest things to carry away with us and
    covered the body up again."

5
Pilgrim Truths
  • Half of the settlers died within 4 months
  • They didnt land on Plymouth Rock first
  • They didnt all wear tall hats with buckles and
    all black clothing
  • Squanto did teach the Pilgrims to plant cornso
    would stop stealing from the Indians
  • The first thanksgiving was a harvest festival
    in 1621
  • It wasnt an annual event and no fixed time
  • Harvest festivals were already being done by
    Indians
  • Turkey wasnt the main meat
  • Not a major holiday until the 1800s..Civil War
    (Lincoln)
  • Bet You Didnt Know

6
Other Puritan colonies...
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritan colony (1630)
  • John Winthrop was the governor of the colony
  • Boston was called the city upon a hill
  • New capital of the church in America
  • Errand into the wilderness

7
Church
  • All male members of the congregation could vote
  • Renamed Congregational Church
  • Not a democracy much power to church leaders
  • John Cotton among early leaders
  • Congregationalists could hire and fire ministers
  • The male saints handled church business Wanted
    to be different from the Anglican Church
  • Also associated with the idea of the puritan
    work ethic Work Ethic- Hard work and religious
    life will bring salvation

8
With or without you.
  • Some people were predestined to experience an
    afterlife with God
  • Only the elected or chosen were in good
    standing with God

9
Blue Laws
  • Laws against worldly pleasures (printed on blue
    paper) to repress certain things

10
Rhode Island
  • There were threats within the Puritan movement
  • Roger Williams was a Puritan minister
  • Believed in buying land from the Indians
  • Believed in separation of church and state and
    freedom of religion
  • This put him in conflict with other leaders and
    was banished
  • Founded Rhode Island in 1636
  • Called Rouges Island by some

11
Anne Hutchinson
  • Another challenger to the New England Way
  • Attacked the spirituality of the clergy and
    opposed predestination
  • Faith alone is necessary for salvation
  • Followers called Antinomians
  • Greek for against the law
  • Only faith was needed for salvation
  • Held prayer meetings in her home said clergy
    wasnt needed said she talked directly to God
  • Fled to Rhode Island
  • Walked to her trial 5 months pregnant
  • Dismissed the idea of original sin
  • Said she talked to God

12
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  • Who could vote in Puritan New England?
  • Saints (male)
  • Written by Thomas Hooker (founder of the colony)
  • Called for a representative legislature elected
    by substantial citizens
  • Male, adult, land owners
  • Massachusetts and some of NE used town meetings
    (direct democracyno representation)

13
Other colonies began to break away from
Massachusetts Bay
  • Leaving Puritan ideas
  • Rhode Island, Conn., New Hampshire, etc.

14
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15
Restoration
  • Charles II was restored to the throne and things
    began to change quickly for the Puritans
  • Laws passed against Puritans
  • Changed Massachusetts from a corporate colony to
    a Royal colony
  • Mass. Then under strict royal rule
  • They believed their covenant with God would
    protect them
  • James II (Catholic) followed and created the
    Dominion of New England to unify the north and do
    away with colonial assemblies
  • Edmund Andros was the governor of the area and
    levied harsh taxes, limiting town meetings, etc.
  • Fell apart when James II lost power

16
Glorious Revolution-1688
  • James II dethroned by William and Mary (Dutch
    Protestants)
  • Resulted in a limited monarchy in England
  • English Bill of Rights, 1689 trial by jury
  • Disbanded the Dominion of New England
  • Puritan church continued to lose powervoting
    based on land ownership

17
Controlling the Governors
  • Colonial governors would not always enforce the
    Kings rules because the colonists paid his salary

18
Little regulation for the colonies
  • Salutary neglect allowing the colonies to
    develop without over regulation
  • From 1660-1700, this is how the colonies were
    governedit led to ideas of self government in
    the colonies
  • Some signs of royal control still remained
  • More English administrators than American
    (judges, etc.)
  • Few Americans could gain local political power
    led to resentment

19
Pennsylvania
  • William Penn
  • Society of Friends\Quakers
  • Their beliefs
  • pacifism
  • no slavery
  • buy land from Indians
  • men and women equal in Gods eyes
  • Created Philadelphia
  • The City of Brotherly Love
  • Called this test of religion a Holy Experiment

20
Middle Colonies
21
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22
King Phillips War
  • Metacom (King Phillip) united several New England
    Indian tribes against the settlers (1675-76)
  • Thousands killed on both sides towns and
    villages burned
  • Metacoms death and defeat signaled the end of
    major Indian resistance

23
French and Spanish colonies compared to British
colonies
  • The French and Spanish came to America to trade
    and get raw materials
  • The English came to settle as well as trade
  • Which colonies would be more densely populated?

24
New Amsterdam
  • Settled by the Dutch
  • Modern day New York City
  • Difficulty settling the area, so the Dutch
    allowed in variety of people
  • Was separating the English colonies
  • King Charles II sent his brother the Duke of York
    to conquer colony
  • New Netherlands governor could not raise enough
    men to fight

25
New York
  • Duke of York claims New Netherland and renames it
    New York
  • Gives a portion to his friend the Duke of Jersey
    and this creates New Jersey
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