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Northern and Middle Colonies


Northern and Middle Colonies Puritans Pilgrims/Separatists Mayflower Compact William Bradford Massachusetts Bay Colony Congregational Church Work ethic – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Northern and Middle Colonies

Northern and Middle Colonies
  • Puritans
  • Pilgrims/Separatists
  • Mayflower Compact
  • William Bradford
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Congregational Church
  • Work ethic
  • Blue Laws
  • Rhode Island
  • Anne Hutchinson
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  • Town meetings
  • Northern Colonies (Leave room for a small chart)
  • Restoration
  • Dominion of New England
  • Colonial Governors
  • Salutary neglect
  • Pennsylvania
  • Middle Colonies (Leave room for a small chart)
  • King Philips War
  • Settlement differences
  • New Amsterdam
  • New Jersey

Puritans Their Great Migration
  • Puritans fled England due to religious
  • Puritans wanted to purify the church
  • They were not so pure they liked to drink and
    have sex
  • Brought lots of barleys and hop in barrels
  • They thought it was their job to populate the
  • They didnt want other groups in their
  • They supported religious freedom, but only for

Here come the Pilgrims
  • The Pilgrims were a groups of Puritans that
    wanted to separate from the Church of England
  • They were kicked out of Holland and England and
    then came to America in 1620
  • They landed in Massachusetts, but were supposed
    to be in Virginia
  • Not everyone of the Mayflower was a Pilgrim (35
    of 102)
  • 66 days of travel
  • Before going on land, the passengers made an
    agreement called the Mayflower Compact early
    attempt at self government
  • Adult males would have town meetings to discuss

Pilgrims vs Indians
  • We found a place like a grave. We decided to dig
    it up. We found first a mat, and under that a
    fine bow. We also found bowls, trays, dishes, and
    things like that. We took several of the
    prettiest things to carry away with us and
    covered the body up again."

Pilgrim Truths
  • Half of the settlers died within 4 months
  • They didnt land on Plymouth Rock first
  • They didnt all wear tall hats with buckles and
    all black clothing
  • Squanto did teach the Pilgrims to plant cornso
    would stop stealing from the Indians
  • The first thanksgiving was a harvest festival
    in 1621
  • It wasnt an annual event and no fixed time
  • Harvest festivals were already being done by
  • Turkey wasnt the main meat
  • Not a major holiday until the 1800s..Civil War
  • Bet You Didnt Know

Other Puritan colonies...
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritan colony (1630)
  • John Winthrop was the governor of the colony
  • Boston was called the city upon a hill
  • New capital of the church in America
  • Errand into the wilderness

  • All male members of the congregation could vote
  • Renamed Congregational Church
  • Not a democracy much power to church leaders
  • John Cotton among early leaders
  • Congregationalists could hire and fire ministers
  • The male saints handled church business Wanted
    to be different from the Anglican Church
  • Also associated with the idea of the puritan
    work ethic Work Ethic- Hard work and religious
    life will bring salvation

With or without you.
  • Some people were predestined to experience an
    afterlife with God
  • Only the elected or chosen were in good
    standing with God

Blue Laws
  • Laws against worldly pleasures (printed on blue
    paper) to repress certain things

Rhode Island
  • There were threats within the Puritan movement
  • Roger Williams was a Puritan minister
  • Believed in buying land from the Indians
  • Believed in separation of church and state and
    freedom of religion
  • This put him in conflict with other leaders and
    was banished
  • Founded Rhode Island in 1636
  • Called Rouges Island by some

Anne Hutchinson
  • Another challenger to the New England Way
  • Attacked the spirituality of the clergy and
    opposed predestination
  • Faith alone is necessary for salvation
  • Followers called Antinomians
  • Greek for against the law
  • Only faith was needed for salvation
  • Held prayer meetings in her home said clergy
    wasnt needed said she talked directly to God
  • Fled to Rhode Island
  • Walked to her trial 5 months pregnant
  • Dismissed the idea of original sin
  • Said she talked to God

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  • Who could vote in Puritan New England?
  • Saints (male)
  • Written by Thomas Hooker (founder of the colony)
  • Called for a representative legislature elected
    by substantial citizens
  • Male, adult, land owners
  • Massachusetts and some of NE used town meetings
    (direct democracyno representation)

Other colonies began to break away from
Massachusetts Bay
  • Leaving Puritan ideas
  • Rhode Island, Conn., New Hampshire, etc.

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  • Charles II was restored to the throne and things
    began to change quickly for the Puritans
  • Laws passed against Puritans
  • Changed Massachusetts from a corporate colony to
    a Royal colony
  • Mass. Then under strict royal rule
  • They believed their covenant with God would
    protect them
  • James II (Catholic) followed and created the
    Dominion of New England to unify the north and do
    away with colonial assemblies
  • Edmund Andros was the governor of the area and
    levied harsh taxes, limiting town meetings, etc.
  • Fell apart when James II lost power

Glorious Revolution-1688
  • James II dethroned by William and Mary (Dutch
  • Resulted in a limited monarchy in England
  • English Bill of Rights, 1689 trial by jury
  • Disbanded the Dominion of New England
  • Puritan church continued to lose powervoting
    based on land ownership

Controlling the Governors
  • Colonial governors would not always enforce the
    Kings rules because the colonists paid his salary

Little regulation for the colonies
  • Salutary neglect allowing the colonies to
    develop without over regulation
  • From 1660-1700, this is how the colonies were
    governedit led to ideas of self government in
    the colonies
  • Some signs of royal control still remained
  • More English administrators than American
    (judges, etc.)
  • Few Americans could gain local political power
    led to resentment

  • William Penn
  • Society of Friends\Quakers
  • Their beliefs
  • pacifism
  • no slavery
  • buy land from Indians
  • men and women equal in Gods eyes
  • Created Philadelphia
  • The City of Brotherly Love
  • Called this test of religion a Holy Experiment

Middle Colonies
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King Phillips War
  • Metacom (King Phillip) united several New England
    Indian tribes against the settlers (1675-76)
  • Thousands killed on both sides towns and
    villages burned
  • Metacoms death and defeat signaled the end of
    major Indian resistance

French and Spanish colonies compared to British
  • The French and Spanish came to America to trade
    and get raw materials
  • The English came to settle as well as trade
  • Which colonies would be more densely populated?

New Amsterdam
  • Settled by the Dutch
  • Modern day New York City
  • Difficulty settling the area, so the Dutch
    allowed in variety of people
  • Was separating the English colonies
  • King Charles II sent his brother the Duke of York
    to conquer colony
  • New Netherlands governor could not raise enough
    men to fight

New York
  • Duke of York claims New Netherland and renames it
    New York
  • Gives a portion to his friend the Duke of Jersey
    and this creates New Jersey