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Chapter 9, Section 1 Development of American Political Parties

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Chapter 9, Section 1 Development of American Political Parties Main Idea Shortly after our nation s birth, political leaders formed parties in an attempt to gain ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 9, Section 1 Development of American Political Parties


1
Chapter 9, Section 1Development of American
Political Parties
2
Main Idea
  • Shortly after our nations birth, political
    leaders formed parties in an attempt to gain
    control of decision making in our government.

3
  • I. The Two Party System (218-219)
  • A. Political Party- an association of voters
    with broad common interests who want to influence
    government decision making.
  • Anyone may join a political party. You
    simply register.
  • B. Two-Party System- United States has had two
    major parties since 1860. Dems and Reps

4
  • C. Thomas Jefferson- wanted less power for the
    national government and more power to the states.
    Called his group the Democratic-Republican party
    in 1828.
  • In 1829 Jefferson stepped down, his party was
    taken over by Andrew Jackson who turned the party
    into our modern day Democrats.

5
  • D. Alexander Hamilton- Wanted strong national
    government and a strong president. His group was
    called the Federalists.
  • Whigs eventually took over as Federalists
    faded away.

6
  • E. Whigs- Rose in 1830, Whigs and Democrats
    remained the two major political parties until
    1850.
  • In 1854, breakaway Democrats and Whigs who
    opposed slavery formed the Republican Party.
  • Lincoln became the first Republican president
    in 1860. Ever since, Republicans and Democrats
    have been the two major parties!

7
  • II. Third Parties
  • A. Third Parties- sometimes challenge the two
    major parties. Have never won a presidential
    election.
  • B. Populist Party- formed in the 1890s. Made up
    of laborers and farmers. Never won the election
    but their ideas were adopted. Two main ideas
  • 1. Direct Election of Senators
  • 2. Eight Hour Work Day

8
Third Parties in the U.S
  • Alaskan Independence Party (1984 present)
  • America First Party (2002 present)
  • American Nazi Party (1959 - present)
  • American Party (1969 present)
  • American Fascist Party (unknown - present)
  • American Patriot Party (2003 present)
  • American Reform Party (1997 present)
  • Centrist Party (United States) (2006 - present)
  • Charter Party of Cincinnati, Ohio (1924
    present)
  • Christian Freedom Party (2004 present)
  • Communist League (US) (2004 present)
  • Communist Party USA (1919 present)
  • Covenant Party (Northern Mariana Islands)
  • Free People's Movement (2002 present)
  • Freedom Road Socialist Organization (1969 -
    present)
  • Ku Klux Klan (1866 - present)

9
Cont.
  • Marijuana Party (2002 present)
  • Marijuana Reform Party (New York) (1997
    present)
  • Mountain Party (West Virginia) (2000 present)
  • National Socialist Movement (1974 present)
  • New American Independent Party (2004-present)
  • New Party (1992 1998)
  • New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico (1967
    present)
  • New Union Party (1974 present)
  • New York State Right to Life Party (1970
    present)
  • Peace and Freedom Party (1967 present)
  • Personal Choice Party (1997 present)
  • Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico (1938
    present)
  • Progressive Party of Washington (1912-1960 and
    2003 to present)
  • Prohibition Party (1867 present)

10
  • C. Progressive Party- Created by Teddy Roosevelt.
    Called the Bull Moose Party. He won enough
    votes away from Taft(R), that Woodrow Wilson (D)
    won.

11
  • Some third parties arise to promote social,
    economic, and moral issues.
  • D. Single Issue Party- Have only one issue in
    which they run on.
  • Prohibitionists. Wanted the outlaw of
    alcohol.

12
  • E. Ideological Parties- Focus on changing society
    in major ways.
  • 1. Communist Party- favors government
  • ownership.
  • 2. Libertarian Party wants more individual
    freedoms.
  • 3. Green Party- Opposes power of corporations.

13
  • Some third parties form around well-known
    individuals who cannot get support from a major
    party.
  • Third-Party candidates must obtain a large
    amount of signatures to get on the ballot
  • . Republican and Democratic candidates are
    automatically placed on the ballot.

14
  • F. Most voters favor a major party.
  • G. Third parties have trouble raising enough
    money to compete with the big two.
  • http//www.opensecrets.org/pres08/index.asp

15
  • III. Other Party Systems
  • Two party systems are rare.
  • A. Most democracies have multi-party systems.
  • B. In a one-party system, the government and
    party are nearly the same thing.
  • In China, the Peoples Republic of China, is
    the only party ALLOWED to exist (Communist).

16
  • One-Party systems also exist in non-Communist
    nations. Muslim leaders control Irans Islamic
    Republican Party. Other parties are outlawed.

17
  • IV. Todays Major Parties
  • Major parties differ mainly in their belief
    on how much government should be involved in your
    daily lives.

18
  • A. Democrats- believe government should be more
    involved in regulating the economy and providing
    for the poor. Increase taxes on those who
    make 250
  • B. Republicans- believe that if they help the
    economy grow, poor people will have a better
    chance to find jobs for themselves. They believe
    in less regulation. trickle down economics

19
  • Both parties adopt mainstream ideas and avoid
    extreme positions.
  • C. Platform- Series of statements expressing the
    partys principles, beliefs, and positions on
    issues.
  • D. Plank- each individual part of a platform.

20
Mini Quiz!!! Hot Chocolate- Winner
  • 1. Name our two major political parties
  • 2. What type of party system does the United
    States have?
  • 3. Name two types of third parties
  • 4. Has a third party ever won an election?
  • 5. Name two Communist nations
  • 6. Who was the leader of the Bull Moose Party?
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