The American Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The American Revolution


Title: Review over Important Events of the American Revolution Author: core curr Last modified by: Ruthie Created Date: 10/30/2003 2:20:13 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The American Revolution

The American Revolution
  • A World Turned Upside Down

Britain and Its American Colonies
  • The American Colonies Grow
  • American colonies grow large and populous during
    the 1600s and 1700s
  • Colonies thrive economically through trade with
  • Britains Navigation Act restricts that trade
  • Other trade laws add restrictions and taxes
  • Colonists identify less and less as British

  • British-Colonial Tensions Arise
  • Britain and American colonies win the French and
    Indian War in 1763
  • Britain taxes colonists to help pay the war debts
  • Colonists argue that British cannot tax them
    without their consent
  • Secret protest societies
  • No taxation without representation

  • Growing Hostility Leads to War
  • Colonists protest tea tax with Boston Tea Party
    in 1773
  • Colonists meet in Philadelphia to address British
    policies (1774)
  • British and Americans exchange fire at Lexington
    and Concord in 1775

American Strengths and Weaknesses
  • The colonists are fighting for independence
  • George Washington can inspire his men to fight
  • France will aide the colonies with weapons,
    supplies and their navy

Patriots and Loyalists
  • Patriots were colonists who supported the break
    from England.
  • Loyalists are colonials support the England.
  • Colonists are divided as to whether or not they
    should rebel against England!

American Strengths and Weaknesses
  • The colonists are not a trained army
  • Colonists enlist for months instead of years
  • Short on money, weapons and supplies to fight a

British Strengths and Weaknesses
  • The British have an experienced professional
  • Outnumber the Continental Army
  • The British army is well supplied with equipment
    and weapons

British Strengths and Weaknesses
  • The British are not fighting for a cause
  • British officers are careless and poor leaders
  • The British have a to cross the Atlantic Ocean to
    send men and supplies for the war
  • The support at homes is rather weak

Washingtons Headaches
  • Only 1/3 of the colonists were in favor of a war
    for independence the other third were Loyalists,
    and the final third were neutral.
  • State/colony loyalties.
  • Congress couldnt tax to raise money for the
    Continental Army.
  • Poor training, until the arrival of Baron von

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The Strategy of War
American Colonies vs Britains
  • American Colonies
  • Keep the Colonial Army together
  • Washington seeks to stretch the British army away
    from supply lines
  • Harass the enemy, defeat the British in a major
  • Britain
  • Seeks to destroy the Colonial Army
  • Regain control of the colonies by region
  • Take the fight to the Colonial Army using
    European war tactics
  • Use loyalists support against the colonies

Military Strategies
American Colonies
  • Attrition the Brits had a long supply line.
  • Guerilla tactics fight an insurgent war you
    dont have to win a battle, just wear the British
  • Make an alliance with one of Britains enemies.
  • Break the colonies in half by getting between the
    No. the So.
  • Blockade the ports to prevent the flow of goods
    and supplies from an ally.
  • Divide and Conquer ? use the Loyalists.

Lexington and Concord, April 1777
  • British attempt to capture Samuel Adams and
    weapons stockpile around Concord
  • The colonists are warned by Paul Revere and 40
    other riders that The British are coming
  • 4,000 colonial militia men exchange fire with
    British troops along the main road
  • This battle is considered the beginning of the
    American Revolution

A personal view of the American Revolution
  • The men that was wounded in the thigh or leg,
    they dashed out their brains with their muskets
    and run them through with their bayonets, made
    them like sieves. This was barbarity to the
  • Sergeant New Jersey Regiment, 1778
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