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Causes of the American Revolution

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Causes of the American Revolution After the Conquest of Quebec Most French leaders returned to France French that remained were uncertain what Br. rule would mean for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of the American Revolution


1
Causes of the American Revolution
2
After the Conquest of Quebec
  • Most French leaders returned to France
  • French that remained were uncertain what Br. rule
    would mean for them
  • Would they lose their language, land, religion?
  • 13 colonies were glad conflict and competition
    were over

3
Royal Proclamation of 1763
  • Limited new province of Quebec to area around St.
    Lawrence
  • Land to west closed for fur trade Natives
  • Official religion was Protestantism
  • English law replaced French law
  • Br. governor appointed to rule
  • English schools established

4
Royal Proclamation of 1763
  • Designed to wipe out French culture
  • However, Br. needed the support of the French
    because of problems in 13 colonies
  • Proposed new legislation

5
Quebec Act 1774
  • Ohio valley given to Quebec
  • Seigneurial system was continued
  • Catholic Church allowed
  • Allowed French civil law introduced English
    criminal law
  • Catholics could be appointed to governing council

6
Effects of the Seven Years War
  • Before war, England had let colonies run
    themselves
  • During war, George III became king
  • After war, policy towards colonies changed
  • Br. wanted more control

7
After the Seven Years War
  • Reasons
  • money to pay for war with France
  • believed in mercantilism (control of colonies)
  • wanted to prevent 13 colonies from expanding into
    Indian Territory
  • British brought in series of laws to raise tax
    money and control colonies
  • Colonies not used to Br. interference

8
No taxation without
  • Br. brought in Stamp Act (1765) Townshend
    Duties (1767)
  • Colonies demanded no taxation without
    representation
  • They believed Br. did not have the right to tax
    the colonies because Parliament did not represent
    the people of the colonies
  • Colonies called these unfair taxes

9
Boston Massacre
  • Br. had large military presence in Boston
  • Tensions amongst the civilians led to
    confrontation in the street
  • 5 people killed
  • Colonists called it a massacre

10
Tea anyone?
  • Tea Act (1773) gave preference to British East
    India Company tea
  • Cut out local merchants
  • Colonist resisted by boycotting the BEI tea
  • Led to Boston Tea Party
  • 50 colonists, some dressed as Mohawk Indians,
    threw 300 chests of tea into Boston Harbour

11
Intolerable Acts
  • Several acts brought in by Br. In 1774
  • Quartering Act
  • Colonists forced to house and feed Br. soldiers
  • Led to increased tensions between civilians and
    military

12
Intolerable Acts Cont.
  • Quebec Act
  • prevented growth of the 13 colonies to the west
    (into the Ohio valley)
  • Quebec wasnt given elected government
  • Allowed Catholic religion

13
Navigation Acts (1660 1668)
  • Restricted shipping to Britain
  • Hurt the economy of the colonies

14
Enlightenment Thought
  • Philosophical movement
  • Introduced new ideas about equality, liberty,
    justice and rights
  • Influenced the revolutionary leaders

15
Common Sense
  • Pamphlet by Thomas Paine
  • Challenged British authority
  • Called for independence
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