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Road to the American Revolution

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Title: Road to the American Revolution


1
Road to the American Revolution
2
  • While there were many causes of the American
    Revolution, it was a series of unfortunate events
    that finally triggered the outbreak of WAR!

3
  • Events would lead two very different armies
    toward each other.
  • Once loyal subjects, the colonies would
    eventually fight for their independence from
    England.

4
Vocabulary
  • Parliament- Englands chief lawmaking body.
  • Legislation- to create a law
  • Sons of Liberty- a violent group led by radical
    statesman Samuel Adams.
  • King George III- King of England during the
    American Revolution.

5
Vocabulary (cont)
  • Act- a Law passed by Parliament
  • Repeal- to cancel
  • Boycott- Refusal to buy goods.
  • Petition- a formal request

6
Vocabulary Review
  • Parliament
  • Boycott
  • Petition
  • Legislation
  • King George III
  • Sons of Liberty
  • Repeal
  • Act

7
KING George III
  • The Antagonist of the story.
  • British monarch during the American Revolution.

8
The French and Indian War (1754-1763)
9
The French and Indian War (1754-1763)
  • Colonists fought against the French thinking
    Britain would pay for the war.
  • Parliament felt that the British people were
    already taxed very heavily, so they looked to the
    colonists as a source of revenue (money).
  • The British felt the wars were fought for the
    mutual benefit of the Empire and the Colonies.

10
British National Debt
(The French and Indian War)
(The French and Indian War)
11
Proclamation of 1763
12
Proclamation of 1763
  • The British, heavily in debt, wanted to avoid
    military conflict wherever possible.
  • Seeking to appease Native Americans, King George
    III issued the Proclamation of 1763.
  • The Proclamation prohibited Americans from
    settling in the Native American-controlled land
    west of the Appalachians.
  • King George sent 10,000 soldiers to the colonies
    to enforce the Proclamation Act of 1763.

13
Sugar Act (1764)
  • The Sugar Act of 1764 reduced the taxes imposed
    by the Molasses Act, but at the same time
    strengthened the collection of the taxes.

14
Quartering Act (1765)
15
Quartering Act (1765)
  • Required the colonies to provide room and board
    for British soldiers stationed in North America.
  • The soldiers would serve various purposes,
    chiefly to enforce the previously passed acts of
    Parliament.

16
The Stamp Act (1765)
17
The Stamp Act (1765)
  • Sample stamps from the 1765 Stamp Act that
    placed a British tax on colonial newspapers,
    legal documents, stationery and other items.
  • Legal Document such as Marriage license, Land
    titles and Charters.

18
The Stamp Act
  • The Colonists were not pleased.
  • They sometimes attacked the Tax collectors.

19
Quick Review
  • 1. Why did the British Parliament pass the
    Proclamation of 1763?
  • 2. How did the Quartering Act affect the
    Colonists?
  • 3. Why did the Sugar act make some colonists
    angry?
  • How was the Stamp Act different from the Sugar
    Act?

20
Declaratory Act (1766)
  • Stated that Great Britain retained the power to
    tax the colonists, even without representation.

Meaning Britain could still pass any law they
felt like. They did not need Colonial support.
21
Townshend Acts (1767)
  • The Acts taxed imports of tea, glass, paint,
    lead, and even paper.
  • The colonial merchants threatened to boycott the
    taxed products.

22
Townshend Acts (1767)
  • A loss in profits persuaded British merchants to
    petition Parliament to repeal the Townshend Acts.
  • Parliament eventually agreed to repeal much of
    the Townshend legislation.
  • But Parliament refused to remove the tax on tea.

23
The Boston Massacre (1770)
24
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25
The Boston Massacre (1770)
  • On March 5, 1770 violence broke out among the
    colonists and British soldiers stationed in
    Boston.
  • 5 men die in the shooting. Including an African
    American named Crispus Attucks.
  • Colonial Leaders claim the 5 men gave their lives
    for freedom.

26
The Boston Tea Party (1773)?
27
Tea Act (1773)
  • This law gave a British company, the East India
    Company, the right to control all trade in tea.
  • The tea would arrive and be sold by the company.
  • Colonists still had to pay the high tax on tea.

28
The Real Boston Tea Party! (1773)
29
The Boston Tea Party (1773)
  • On December 16,1773, a group of colonists dressed
    as Native Americans boarded 3 ships and dumped
    342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.
  • This event became known as the Boston Tea Party.

30
Quick Review
  • 1. Why were the Townshend Acts passed?
  • 2. Why were the colonists against the Townshend
    Acts?
  • 3. What events led to the Boston Massacre?
  • 4. What did the Tea Act say?
  • 5. Why did several colonists dump tea into Boston
    Harbor?

31
Intolerable Acts (1774)
That was not your Tea! Who is going to pay for
that?
Not us!
32
The Intolerable Acts (1774)
  • Parliament reduced the power of the Massachusetts
    legislature and closed the port of Boston.
  • The Quartering Act was extended to require
    private individuals to lodge soldiers.
  • Parliament allowed royal officials accused of
    crimes to be tried by a British, rather than a
    colonial, jury.

33
1st Continental Congress
34
1st Continental Congress
  • In order to debate a response to the Intolerable
    Acts, all American colonies except for Georgia
    sent delegates to the First Continental Congress
    at Philadelphia.
  • The Congress, which met in September 1774, issued
    the Declaration of Rights and Grievances.
  • They agreed to stop all trade with Britain until
    Parliament canceled the Intolerable Acts.

35
Between War and Peace
36
Colonial fighting force
Minutemen- Colonial militia who could be ready to
fight in a moments notice. Militia- a force of
armed civilians who pledged to defend their
community.
37
Dividing the colonists
  • Patriot- Colonists who sided with the rebels.
  • Were labeled traitors and guilty of treason.
  • Loyalists- Colonists who remained loyal to the
    Crown.
  • Throughout the war, they made up 1/3 of the
    colonial population.

38
Paul Revere
  • As a close friend of Samuel Adams, he was
    involved in the earliest stages of the struggle
    for liberty.
  • Revere helped organize an intelligence and alarm
    system to keep watch on the British military.

39
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40
The Midnight Ride
  • The Sons of Liberty were prepared to spread the
    news of British movement.
  • Colonial spies warned that the British were on
    the march to Lexington and Concord.
  • Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Dr. Samuel
    Prescott rode out to alert the militia and
    minutemen.

The British are Coming!
41
Lexington and Concord 1775
  • 1st Battle of the American Revolution.
  • British soldiers had two objectives 1.destroy
    collection of weapons gathered by the colonists.
    2. Arrest John Hancock and Samuel
    Adams
  • Minutemen intercepted
  • and stopped the
  • British troops.

42
Lexington and Concord
43
Lexington and Concord
44
The Long Road Back
  • Militia and Minutemen continue to attack British
    soldiers as the march back to Boston.

45
Quick Review
  • 1. Why did Britain pass the Intolerable Acts?
  • 2. What did representatives at the 1st
    Continental Congress agree to do?
  • 3.Why did some colonists form militias?
  • 4. What did Revere, Dawes and Prescott do?
  • 5. Why were the battles of Lexington and Concord
    important?

46
2nd Continental Congress
47
2nd Continental Congress
  • By the time the Second Continental Congress met,
    the American Revolutionary War had already
    started with the Battles of Lexington and Concord
    on April 19, 1775.
  • On July 8, 1775, they extended the Olive Branch
    Petition to the crown as an attempt at
    reconciliation. King George III refused to
    receive it.

48
  • Delegates included John and Samuel Adams, John
    Hancock, Benjamin Franklin, George Washington and
    Patrick Henry
  • George Washington was chosen to lead the
    Continental Army.
  • The Declaration of Independence was drafted and
    signed.

49
Declaration of Independence
50
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