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Baseball during the Civil War


Title: Sports during the Civil War Author: Authorized User Last modified by: Authorized User Created Date: 1/28/2010 5:00:47 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Baseball during the Civil War

Baseball during the Civil War
  • The Impact

  • Main Idea/Focus
  • Leisure Activities
  • Building Morale during the Civil War
  • The First Baseball diamond
  • Baseball at the start of the war
  • Newspaper Clipping
  • Timeline of Baseball
  • Differences in Baseball and Soldiers then and now
  • The overall effects of the war

Main Idea/Focus
  • During the late 1800s, cities grew and changes,
    while education, leisure time activities, and the
    arts reflected those changing times.
  • What developments affected leisure?

Leisure Activities
  • More time to play and watch sports due to higher
    incomes and more free time.
  • Baseball became popular during the Civil War
  • Baseball was a way of bringing people together
    during a time of crisis. It was an emotional
  • Here is a picture of what it may have looked

Picture of Baseball during Civil War
Building Morale During Civil War
  • Union and Confederate Officers endorsed baseball
    as a much needed positive activity and for
    physical conditioning.
  • Teamwork on the baseball diamond meant better
    teamwork on the battlefield.
  • Many letters home were more pleasant to read
    about the baseball games instead of the hardship
    of battle.

The First Baseball Diamond
  • Union General Abner Doubleday was the father of
    the modern game.
  • City of Cooperstown, NY dedicated Doubleday Field
    in 1920 as the official birthplace of organized
  • Cooperstown eventually became the home to the
    National Baseball Hall of Fame.

Baseball at the start of the war
  • In 1861, there was an amateur team made up of
    members of the 71st New York Regiment. They
    defeated the Washington Nationals baseball club
    by a score of 41-13.
  • They played a re-match in 1862 and the Nationals
    won 28-13. However, the New Yorks best athletes
    had been killed at Bull Run only weeks after
    their first game.
  • The biggest attending sporting events of the
    nineteenth century occurred on Christmas in 1862.
    the 165th New York Volunteer Regiment play at
    Hilton Head, South Carolina with more than 40,000
    troops looking on.

Newspaper Clipping
A newspaper illustration of the Maine's baseball
team identified several crewmembers, including an
African American, Fireman William Lambert. (NARA,
Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, RG 24
Timeline of events for baseball during the Civil
  • Date Participants Notables
  • 1862 Trainees from 13th Massachusetts Games
    were played and 51st Pennysylvania evenings
    on the drilling field in many training
    camps prior to deployment
  • 1862 165th NY Infantry vs NY Regiment The most
    famous of all Civil War games witnessed by
    40,000 troops.
  • 1862 The Irish Brigade vs themselves Confederate
    troops watched Union games played
    during their march to Richmond.

Timeline continued
  • Date Participants Notables
  • 1862 57th NY vs 69th NY Incoming Confederate
  • cannon fire ended this
  • game abruptly.
  • 1862 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division Army of Members
    of both the
  • the Potomac vs selected members brigade and
  • the Honey Run Club team champions practiced
  • regularly throughout
  • the War.
  • 1863 24th Alabama vs themselves Rebels, played

Timeline continued
  • Date Participants Notables
  • 1863 26th Pennsylvania vs 22nd All four
    regiments met Massachusetts vs 13th for games
    but disputed
  • New York and 62nd NY the differences between
  • Volunteers the MA and NY rules.
  • 1863 13th MA and 1st Rhode Both teams recorded
  • Island Light Artillery so many victories,
  • vs misc Army felt they were capable
  • of beating any pro-
  • fessional team of the
  • late 1800s.

Timeline continued
  • Date Participants Notables
  • 1863 Union soldiers encamped During this game,
    the camp
  • in Alexandria, Texas was attacked resulting
  • the loss of the center
  • fielder and the ball.
  • 1864 2nd New Jersey Volunteers Billed as
    another big game
  • vs 77th NY Volunteers newspapers openly
  • criticized the 77th after a
  • no-show.
  • 1865 Union and Confederate Following Robert E
  • soldiers played surrender of the
  • Appomattox, soldiers
  • played to pass the time.
  • 1866 POWs detained at the Despite pleasant
    accounts of
  • Confederate Prison Camp baseball early on,
  • in Salisbury, NC players died due to
  • conditions.

Differences from Civil War baseball from today
  • Baseball played during the war was very different
    than the game we know today.
  • Some rules included The Striker (batter) gets
    to choose where he wants his pitch.
  • The pitcher must throw underhand no leading off
    the bag.
  • No base stealing
  • No foul lines
  • All balls were fair

Soldiers then and now
  • You have learned about what the soldiers did for
    entertainment during the Civil War. They played
    baseball when they could.
  • Soldiers now have different methods of
    technology to keep them entertained. IPODs,
    laptops, PSPs and so on.
  • Soldiers now can keep in better contact with
    their loved ones through all the communication
    devices available.

The effects from the Civil War
  • The American death toll reached close to 700,000.
  • This exceeds the nations loss in all its other
    wars from the Revolution through Vietnam.
  • The Civil War was devastating on our country when
    our own men in the United States are fighting
    each other.
  • President Lincoln suffered many losses during the
    war. He aged what seem to be 30 years in those
    few years.
  • Baseball brought a lot of joy to fighting
    soldiers and others at home. It was nice to read
    about a leisurely activity instead of the
    gruesome effects of the battlefield.
  • Today, baseball still brings joy to homes. That
    is why it is Americas pasttime.