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U.S. Industrialization

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U.S. Industrialization After the Civil War the nation concentrated on expanding its power through Industrializing. There are many factors that contributed to our growth: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U.S. Industrialization


1
U.S. Industrialization
  • After the Civil War the nation concentrated on
    expanding its power through Industrializing.
  • There are many factors that contributed to our
    growth
  • Technological advances in transportation,
    communication, and ways of doing business led to
    enormous growth in wealth and power for some, but
    many problems arose as well.

2
  • White settlement of western lands led to
    devastated Native American cultures.
  • Politicians and Big Business Leaders took
    advantage of immigrant and American workers
  • Cities and Factories would become the new homes
    for immigrants and Americans looking for a better
    way of life
  • Others would choose to go west and settle land
    given to them by the government

3
The West and Railroads
  • The Homestead Act -gave 160 acres of land to
    people who were willing to stay and develop it
    for 5 years.
  • These 2million Homesteaders created a demand for
    goods.
  • These goods needed to be transported creating a
    demand for Railroads.
  • Companies were encouraged to build the RRs by
    the govt with free land on either side of the
    tracks.

4
The West and Railroads
  • The Bessemer Process made steel quicker and
    cheaper allowing for more tracks.
  • By 1869 the Transcontinental Railroad was
    completed allowing Americans to travel from coast
    to coast.
  • Mostly Irish laborers, also Chinese and Former
    Slaves.
  • Towns began to emerge at railway stops.

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Andrew CarnegieRags to Riches
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John D. Rockefeller
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JP Morgan
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Cornelius Vanderbilt
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Rockefeller Center
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Carnegie HallA man who dies rich, dies
disgraced380 Million to Charities
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Vanderbilt Mansion Hyde Park NY
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Rockefeller Mansion Newport RI
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Carnegies Mansion
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  • Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled
    masses yearning to be free, the wretched refuse
    of your teaming shore.
  • Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost, to me
  • I lift my lamp beside the golden door.
  • Emma Lazarus- The New Colossuss
  • The Statue of Liberty

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Irish Potato Famine1846-1850
  • Over 2 million die and 1 million emigrate
  • Black 47 worse year of the famine

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Nativist Movement develops out of fear of New
Immigration The Know Nothing Party is created
on an anti-immigration platform. There was a
fear of taking jobs and a fear of new religions.
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Italian Immigration
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Immigration and Urbanization - The Big Points
  • Immigration and Urbanization are closely related
    and changed the United States dramatically.
  • During the late 1800s
  • Immigrants arrived from Europe and Asia
  • Cities became crowded and workers lived in
    unhealthy conditions
  • Settlers continued to move westward
  • A large and prosperous middle class continues to
    develop
  • Women and immigrants form a large percentage of
    the workforce

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Urbanization
  • Jobs created by industrialization led to a rapid
    growth of cities.
  • Immigrants and poor Americans lived in
    multifamily houses known as Tenements.
  • They were crowded, poorly ventilated and dirty,
    usually w/ one bathroom per floor.
  • Streets were dirty, sanitation was almost
    non-existent, the rivers were used as sewers,
    disease spread, poor conditions led to the
    forming of gangs (organized crime).

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Little Italy 1900
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Did anyone help immigrants and the poor?
  • Yes, Political Machines-organization keeps a
    particular political party in power.
  • How?-Helping the poor and immigrants find jobs
    and housing.
  • What do the politicians want?-Votes

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Positives of Urbanization
  • More Job opportunities
  • Advances in technology and Public Transportation
    Trolley cars, subways, bridges, elevators
  • Education-better schools, public libraries
  • Cultural Attractions-theaters, museums,
    restaurants sports (boxing, horseracing, and
    baseball)
  • Rise of the Middle Class-Managed the workers and
    other Professionals
  • Blue Collar(laborers)/White Collar(managers)

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NYC Subway opens 1904
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Brooklyn Bridge Begun1870 Opens 1883
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NY Public Library opens1895
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Matching Terms
  • Homestead Act, Capital, Corporation, Monopoly,
    Laissez-faire, Social Darwinism, Robber Baron,
    Captain of Industry, Company Town, Knights of
    Labor, AFL, Injunction, Scab, Collective
    Bargaining, Nation of Nations, Black 47, Forced
    Immigration, Old Immigrant, New Immigrant,
    Assimilation, Cultural Pluralism, Nativism, Know
    Nothings, Quota Acts, INS, Urbanization,
    Tenements, Tweed Ring, Political Machine, Regulate
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