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Providing Effective Leadership

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Providing Effective Leadership The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals. Leadership Leaders inspire - Motivate - others to take on challenges ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Providing Effective Leadership


1
Providing Effective Leadership
  • The ability to influence a group toward the
    achievement of goals.

2
Leadership
  • Leaders inspire - Motivate - others to take on
    challenges and to achieve goals that they dont
    believe theyre capable of or motivated to
    achieve.

3
Leadership
  • Are all supervisors good leaders?
  • Are all leaders good supervisors?
  • Are Leaders always needed?

4
Leadership Traits
  • Qualities such as intelligence, charm,
    decisiveness, enthusiasm, strength, bravery,
    integrity, and self-confidence.
  • Are they genetic or learned?

5
Traditional Traits of Successful Leaders
  • Self-confidence
  • Intelligence
  • Enthusiasm
  • Honesty and Integrity
  • Job-relevant Knowledge
  • High Self-monitoring

6
Charismatic Traits of Successful Leaders
  • Idealized goal (A Vision)
  • Ability to articulate the goal
  • Strong convictions
  • Unconventional behavior
  • Assertive and self-confident
  • High self-monitoring
  • Perceived as a change agent

7
What Skills are Required of Effective Leaders?
  • Technical
  • Conceptual
  • Human relations (interpersonal)
  • Networking (political)

8
Leadership Behaviors and Styles
  • Task-Centered Leaders
  • An individual with a strong tendency to emphasize
    the technical or task aspects of a job.

9
Leadership Behaviors and Styles
  • People-Centered Leaders
  • An individual who emphasizes interpersonal
    relations with those he or she leads.

10
Leadership Behaviors and Styles
  • Autocratic Leaders
  • A task master who leaves not doubt as to whos in
    charge, and who has the authority and power in
    the group

11
People Centered Behaviors
  • Participative the leadership style of an
    individual who actively seeks input from
    followers for many of the activities in the
    organization.

12
People Centered Behaviors
  • Consultative the leadership style of an
    individual who seeks input, hears the concerns
    and issues of the followers, but makes the final
    decision him or herself, using input as an
    information-seeking exercise.

13
People Centered Behaviors
  • Democratic a leadership style that allows
    followers to have a say in whats decided.

14
People Centered Behaviors
  • Free-reign an individual who gives employees
    total autonomy to make decisions that will affect
    them.

15
Effective Leadership
  • Situational Leadership Theory
  • Effective leaders change their leadership style
    or behavior to fit changing situations.

16
Situational Leadership
  • Fiedlers Contingency Theory
  • Proposes that effectiveness depends upon a proper
    match between a leaders style of interacting
    with subordinates and the degree to which the
    situation gives control and influence to the
    leader.

17
Fiedlers Contingency Theory
  • Situational Factors
  • Respect for followers
  • Structured jobs (task)
  • Influence over employment
  • process (position power)

18
Houses Path-Goal Theory
  • The leaders job is to assist followers in
    overcoming obstacles in the way of attaining
    their goals by providing the proper leadership
    style.

19
Houses Path-Goal Theory
  • Path-goal theory has identified two sets of
    situational factors
  • Characteristics of the Employee
  • Experience - Ability - Personality
  • Characteristics of the Job
  • Task Structure - Goal Clarity
  • Group Cohesiveness

20
Hersey/Blanchard Theory
  • Similar to Fiedlers theory with a couple of
    differences
  • First, more attention is placed on the concept of
    employee readiness or the ability and willingness
    of an employee to complete a task.

21
Hersey/Blanchard Theory
  • Second, the H/B model focuses on what one does as
    a leader.
  • Given where the employee is in terms of readiness
    level, the leader will exhibit a certain behavior.

22
Hersey/Blanchard Theory
  • H/B identified four specific leadership styles
    based on the maturity of the follower
  • Telling
  • Selling
  • Participating
  • Delegating

23
Do Credibility and Trust Matter?
  • Credibility
  • Supervisory qualities of honest, competence, and
    the ability to inspire.
  • Trust
  • The belief in the integrity, character, and
    ability of a leader.

24
How Do You Build Trust?
  • Demonstrate that you are working for
  • others interests as well as your own.
  • Practice openness
  • Speak you feelings / Tell the truth
  • Let employees know what is
  • happening
  • Be consistent in your values
  • Maintain confidences

25
Do Men and Women Lead Differently?
  • Yes
  • Women tend to adopt a more democratic leadership
    style. They encourage participation, share power
    and information, and attempt to enhance
    followers self-worth.

26
Do Leaders Always Make a Difference?
  • No
  • In most cases the answer is yes but not always
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