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Cross-sector Approaches to Leadership Development

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Title: Cross-sector Approaches to Leadership Development


1
Cross-sector Approaches to Leadership Development
Dr. Jennifer Bremer Public Policy and
Administration Department School of Global
Affairs and Public Policy Abu Dhabi February
2010
2
Community leadership
  • What is leadership?

3
Community leadership
  • What is leadership?
  • What is community leadership development
  • and why is it an effective approach?

4
Community leadership
  • What is leadership?
  • What is community leadership development
  • and why is it an effective approach?
  • Can this approach work in the Middle East?
  • experience from Egypt

5
The four elements of leadership
  • The leader recognizes that
  • Action is necessary
  • Action is possible
  • S/he personally must act

6
The four elements of leadership
  • 4. The leader mobilizes others to believe that

7
The four elements of leadership
  • 4. The leader mobilizes others to believe that
  • Action is necessary
  • Action is possible
  • They personally must act

8
The rest is
  • Analysis
  • Planning
  • Management

9
The rest is
  • Analysis
  • Planning
  • Management

All very necessary for success, but distinct
from leadership
10
The rest is
  • Analysis
  • Planning
  • Management

All very necessary for success, but distinct
from leadership BUT effective leaders have these
skills
11
What leadership is not
  • Recognizing there is a problem
  • Describing the problem ad nauseum
  • Raising awareness about the problem
  • Complaining that no one is doing anything about
    the problem

12
What leadership is not
  • Recognizing there is a problem
  • Describing the problem ad nauseum
  • Raising awareness about the problem
  • Complaining that no one is doing anything about
    the problem

regional sports!
13
How can leadership be developed?
  • Analysis, planning, and management can be taught
  • But can leadership be taught?

14
How can leadership be developed?
  • Analysis, planning, and management can be taught
  • But can leadership be taught?
  • NO

15
How can leadership be developed?
  • Analysis, planning, and management can be taught
  • But can leadership be taught?
  • NO
  • But it can be developed
  • People can learn skills that make them more
    effective leaders and encourage action

16
Community leadership development
  • What is community leadership development?
  • Why is the community a good venue to develop
    leadership?
  • How can the community be used as a venue to
    develop leadership?

17
Community Leadership Development
  • A program that
  • Brings together potential leaders from business,
    civil society, and (sometimes) government
  • Helps them to recognize the need to act by
    educating them about the communitys needs
  • Helps them to recognize that action is possible
    by showing them models for action
  • Builds skills needed for them to act
  • Creates a network for future collective action

18
Community Leadership in the U.S.
  • Most major U.S. cities have community leadership
    programs (1000 belong to the association)
  • Most commonly organized by chambers of commerce,
    sometimes independent or university-based
  • Generally conduct one program over a nine-month
    period
  • Combine study of community problems and solutions
    with skill development
  • Encourage action, but rarely proceed themselves
    to action

19
Who participates?
  • Varies from program to program
  • Sometimes promising young managers
  • Sometimes more senior government leaders and
    officials
  • Sometimes special categories, such as women or
    minorities
  • Always cross-sectoral

http//www.claweb.org/faq.php
20
The Community Development Triad
Community Business Partnership
Community Foundation
Community Leadership Group
21
The Community Development Triad
Community Business Partnership
Builds skills and connections
Community Foundation
Community Leadership Group
22
The Community Development Triad
Community Business Partnership
Channels donor funds to local needs
Community Foundation
Community Leadership Group
23
The Community Development Triad
Mobilizes business to promote economic
development
Community Business Partnership
Community Foundation
Community Leadership Group
24
The NILE Project an Egyptian pilot
  • Aim to launch the community leadership
    development process
  • Kenan Institute (part of UNC-Chapel Hill)
  • Egyptian NGO Support Center
  • SECID
  • MEPI, then USAID

25
Strategy
  • Begin with community leadership development
    program
  • Encourage collaborative projects
  • Encourage formation of ongoing groups
  • Had gender focus (donor-driven)

26
  • NILE I PARTICIPATION TOTALS
  • Participants Year 1 Year 2 Total
  • Total participants 155 308 463
  • Men 73 166 239
  • Women 82 142 224
  • NGOs 34 84 118
  • Business Sector 25 202 227
  • Donors 3 4 7
  • Government 3 39 42
  • Universities 2 8 10
  • Media 5 5 10
  • Governorates 4 5 5
  • Trainers 6 30 36

27
Port Said training, 2005
Master class, 2007
28
Achievements
  • Partnership between nonprofit leaders from El
    Arish and the business leaders association in 6
    October City to promote workforce development
    among El Arish youth. The 6 October investors
    association provided El Arish youth with room and
    board as well as vocational training for youth
    from North Sinai at the 6 October City
     investors' vocational training center.
  • In Sohag, a community that started participating
    in NILE programming in its last quarter, the
    local community development association and
    an NGO signed a cooperation protocol to train
    trainers from Suhag to deliver training to youth
    on textile production.Port Said training, 2005

29
Achievements new cities
  • 0th of Ramadan City, a group of businessmen and
    community members paid school tuitions for
    low-income children from the community. The
    program is in its second round, and during the
    2006-2007 period, the alliance has doubled the
    number (now 1500).
  • Micro credit program initiated by the 6 October
    businessmens association links community members
    with entrepreneurial ideas with basic business
    funding and mentors. In first two years, funded
    50 poor families to start their own businesses
    had a 97 pay-back rate.
  • Also, in 6 October City, an alliance between the
    business investors and nonprofit providers led to
    the creation of a vocational training center,
    which since June 2006, has provided handicraft
    training to 25-plus women.
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