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A framework of the Software Requirements for Crop management based on SRS Conducted by Different NIC Officials is presented.

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A high priority is the development and ... Risk Management ( Draught, Crop Insurance) ... Pulses- Arahar, Lentil, Horse Gram, Black Gram, Green Gram, Peas ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A framework of the Software Requirements for Crop management based on SRS Conducted by Different NIC Officials is presented.


1
Introduction
  • A framework of the Software Requirements for Crop
    management based on SRS Conducted by Different
    NIC Officials is presented.
  • Production capacity, Production efficiency and
    crop protection are major pillars supporting
    national crop productivity. A high priority is
    the development and subsequent transfer of
    efficient crop technologies and sustainable
    cropping systems to farmers. Overall challenges
    are to increase substantially the knowledge base
    of , and sustainable technology for crop
    production and cropping systems, to improve the
    delivery of technologies generated and to
    promote the use of these systems. Crop management
    involves Pre-harvest management as well as
    Post-harvest management, Marketing, Trade and
    other aspects.

2
Crop Management System
  • Challenges
  • Rapid Growth in Crop Production Productivity
    on Sustained basis
  • Balanced Crop Diversification Regional
    Development
  • Management of Resources (Land, Soil, Bio-Water,
    Human, Institutional, Financial, Infrastructure
    etc.)
  • Timely Availability of Inputs (Seed, Chemical
    Fertilizer, Bio-fertilizer, Chemical Pesticides,
    Bio-pesticides, Bio-control agents, Machinery
    Implements, Credit)
  • Extension (Transfer of Technology)
  • Plant Protection (Plant Quarantine, Integrated
    Pest Management, Locust Control)
  • Risk Management ( Draught, Crop Insurance)
  • Competitive Advantages and Guaranty of Minimum
    Returns to Farmers (Marketing, Trade, Minimum
    Support Price)
  • Eco-friendly Conservation of Energy
  • Organizational Efficiency and Employee
    Productivity

3

How to meet the Challenges
  • Accurate Identification and Assessment of
    Development Needs
  • Better Planning, Implementation and Monitoring of
    Central Crop Development Programs/ Plan Schemes
  • Effective Advisory Service to States in
    Formulation and Implementation of Projects
  • Effective linkage with Central State
    Governments, Research Institutions,
    Implementing Agencies, Financial Institutions,
    National and International Organizations
  • Effective Transfer of Technology and
    Dissemination of Information
  • Improve Organizational Productivity
  • More Transparency Participatory Approach
  • Effective Collaboration of Stakeholders in
    Decision- Making Process and Sharing of
    Resources
  • Awareness about Environment Protection Energy
    Conservation

4
Crops Directorates
  • Crops
  • Cereals- Rice, Wheat, Maize, Millets, Coarse
    cereals
  • Pulses- Arahar, Lentil, Horse Gram, Black Gram,
    Green Gram, Peas
  • Oilseeds- Groundnut, Rapeseed Mustard, Soya
    bean, Sunflower, Safflower, Castor
  • Horticulture- Areca nut, Cocoa, Spices, Cashew
    nut
  • Cash Crops- Sugarcane, Jute, Cotton
  • Vegetables- Potato, Onion, Garlic, other
    vegetables
  • Crop Directorates- Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Millets,
    Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Jute , Areca nut Cocoa,
    Cashew nut Spices
  • Directorates- Plant Protection, Fertilizer, Bio
    Fertilizer, Farm Machinery Training, All India
    Soil Land Use Survey, Soil Conservation
    Training, Extension, Marketing Inspection,
    Economics Statistics, CACP and PAO

5
Crop Development Programs
  • Minikit Programme for Rice, Wheat and Coarse
    Cereals
  • Oilseeds Production Programme
  • Accelerated Maize Development Programme
  • National Pulses Development project
  • ICDP under Mini-Mission of Technology Mission on
    Cottons
  • Post Harvest Technology in Oilseeds, Pulses,
    Maize
  • Pilot Scheme on Seed crop insurance
  • Quality control Assessment on seeds
  • National Project on Development Use of Bio
    Fertilizer
  • Promotion of Integrated Pest Management
  • Scheme on Estimation of Market Surplus and Post
    Harvest Losses
  • Promoting Use of Informatics in Agriculture
  • Land Use Survey, Watershed development etc.

6
Components of Program
  • Minikit Distribution
  • Training Program specialized Orientation
    Program
  • Training of Farmers Extension workers with
    newly evolved technology
  • Production of Breeder, Foundation and Certified
    seeds
  • Propagation Adoption of Improved Production
    Technology
  • Demonstration of Field Integrated Pest
    Management
  • Distribution of Improved Farm Equipments, Plant
    Protection equipments including Power driven
    equipments, Water logging devices, sprinklers
    etc.
  • Distribution of Bio Agents, Pheromone Traps,
    Rhizome Cultures, nutrients and micro-nutrients,
    Seed Treatment
  • Infrastructure Establishment of Lab, seed
    Storage, Threshing, floor Irrigation
    facilities, IT Infrastructure

7
Work Flow
  • Crop Development Program

1. Scheme Formulation Fixation of Component
Targets, Fund Release
DAC
4. Scheme Progress Technical support
2.Physical Financial component information
State
2. Physical financial Target allocation
Directorate
3. Scheme Implementation Monitoring
3. Scheme monitoring
Implementing Agency
8
Crop Management Solution
  • Program Monitoring Information System (Physical
    Financial)
  • Crop Weather Watch Information System
  • Portal on Crops
  • Decision Support Systems using Database on
  • Soil Land Use, Soil Fertility, Commodity
    Altus
  • Crop Statistics - Crops and Cropping Systems,
    Crop Rotation, Crop Varieties, Area, Production
    and Productivity, Crop Conditions
  • Input Statistics Seeds Production
    Distribution (Breeder, Foundation, Certified),
    Availability Consumption of Nutrients (Chemical
    Fertilizer, Bio- fertilizer), Farm implements,
    Plant Protection Equipments, Sprinklers, Plant
    Growth Regulators, Credits
  • Mechanical Cultural Practices Seed
    Treatment, Sowing/ Planting methods, Farm
    Operations (Tillage, Seed bed, Mulching,
    Winnowing, Harvesting
  • Plant Protection Plant Quarantine,
    Integrated Pest Management ( Insect Pests,
    Disease, Weeds), Locust Control
  • Climate Weather
  • Post Harvest Practices Storage, Drying,
  • Price Statistics ( Cost of Production, Minimum
    Support Price, Farm Price, Wholesale, Retail,
    International Prices, Market Arrivals,
    Government Procurement)
  • Trade Statistics- Import Export
  • Water Potential Availability of Water
    Resources, Area and Crops Irrigated, Rainfall
  • Extension - Training and Field Demonstrations
  • Energy Renewable and Non Renewable Sources
  • Institutions - Government Departments/
    Research, Education, Extension, Scheme
    Implementing Agencies
  • Financial Resources General Statistics - GDP,
    Agriculture lab our, agricultural Census, Price
    Index, Capital formation, Employment, Food
    Consumption, Population

9
Crop Intelligence System
Soil Climate
  • Databases

Crop Production Statistics
Water
Plant Protection
Cultural Practices
Training Demonstrations
Seed
Implements
Financial Resources Schemes
Crop Varieties
Nutrient
Price

Trade
General Statistics
Post Harvest
10
On Line Analytical Processing System
Productivity
Irrigation type
Geographic
Weather conditions
Time
Seed Variety
Crop
11
Application Software Development Strategy
  • Structured System Analysis Design
  • Component Model for development Implementation
  • Client Server System for On Line Transaction
    Processing System using Windows 2000 Server, SQL
    Server 2000, Visual Basic. Net
  • Web Enabled System for Access of Information
    using ASP. Net and other Internet Programming
    tools
  • Decision Support System using Data Warehousing
    GIS
  • Testing plan Acceptance
  • Implementation Maintenance

12
Software Architecture
  • Crop Management System

Com-1
Com-2
Com-3
Database Server
Application Server
Browser Client
Web Server
Application System Components
13
Features
  • Based on Component model
  • Based on Best Practices of Software Development
  • Based on State-of-the-art software tools
  • Easy to understand, deploy, Test, Port, use,
    Modify, and maintain
  • Reliable, Secured, Reusable, robust and Efficient
  • User-friendly Menu driven
  • Client Server Application
  • Intranet for sharing of knowledge and information
  • Access of information through Web to citizen

14
Reports Generated
  • Weekly Report on Crop Weather Watch
  • Weekly/Monthly/Annual Report on Physical Progress
    of Scheme (Component, State, Agency basis)
  • Weekly/Monthly/Annual Report on Financial
    Progress of Scheme (Accounts Head, State and
    Agency basis)
  • Report on Extension Training, Demonstration and
    related activities
  • Report on Crop Area, Production Productivity
  • Report on Crop related Statistics ( Input
    Consumption, Marketing Trade etc.)
  • Reports on Crop and area wise recommended
    Varieties and Package of Practices
  • Analytical reports for Decision Support

15
Benefits
  • DAC will receive online information on key
    indicators of crop development program/scheme
    components
  • Automation of Information management at Crop
    Directorates
  • Better delivery of information services to
    citizen
  • Improved quality of decision making
  • Improved Information Management Efficiency at
    Directorate
  • Better Employee Motivation
  • Effective sharing and increased usage of
    information
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