Regional workshop on Approaches to the implementation and monitoring of community-based ecosystem approach to fisheries management (CEAFM): finding common ground between the coastal fisheries and conservation approaches in the Pacific (Noumea, 29 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Regional workshop on Approaches to the implementation and monitoring of community-based ecosystem approach to fisheries management (CEAFM): finding common ground between the coastal fisheries and conservation approaches in the Pacific (Noumea, 29

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Regional workshop on Approaches to the implementation and monitoring of community-based ecosystem approach to fisheries management (CEAFM): finding common ground ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regional workshop on Approaches to the implementation and monitoring of community-based ecosystem approach to fisheries management (CEAFM): finding common ground between the coastal fisheries and conservation approaches in the Pacific (Noumea, 29


1
Regional workshop onApproaches to the
implementation and monitoring of community-based
ecosystem approach to fisheries management
(CEAFM) finding common ground between the
coastal fisheries and conservation approaches in
the Pacific(Noumea, 29 November to 3 December
2010)
2
Day two summary
  • Day two focused on key approaches to EAFM with
    two presentations on fisheries and conservation
    management respectively, to set the scene and
    describe what has been tried . Highlighting
    successes, challenges and lessons learned.
    Participants then divided into groups to discuss
    fisheries management and governance issues with
    the results of the discussion presented back in
    plenary at the end of the day.

3
Day 2 summary - Groups 1 and 3
  • Key similarities and differences fisheries
    management (FM) and marine biodiversity
    conservation (MBC) approaches
  • Many fundamental similarities, including
    converging on an ecosystem based approach
    communities and governance structures
    inadequate resources regulating and constraining
    activities restraints of budgets and capacity.
  • Differences tended to be related to local (FM)
    vs global effects and obligations (MBC) FM uses
    a wider range of tools and tends to be single
    sector differing value systems (MBC less )
    different connections with communities scales
    MBC tends to be bigger scale MBC still tarred
    with lock it up approaches

4
Day 2 summary - Groups 1 and 3
  • What management approaches are common to both and
    could be standardized? How?
  • Groups Struggled with this question one group
    did not tackle it.
  • Again noted may similarities/ commonalities see
    previous slide
  • Some suggestions
  • field trips/questionnaires could be
    common/coordinated
  • community consultation and planning process could
    be better integrated
  • spatial management, focusing on restricting
    activities needs to take account of both FM and
    DDM issues
  • principles and action plans could be developed
    for both, or at least with recognition of
    respective goals and objectives

5
Day 2 summary - Groups 1 and 3
  • How can these common management approaches best
    incorporate climate change issues and effects.
  • Both require risk/vulnerability and adaptation
    assessments and consider/wish to build
    resilience building resilient communities
  • Differing approaches to climate change some
    mainly at at national level/mainstreaming and
    others making limited specific reference to
    coastal community impacts and engagement
  • Awareness-raise and put issues faced by
    communities into the climate change context
  • Strength in common voice

6
Day 2 summary - Groups 1 and 3
  • Which of these management approaches are
    particularly appropriate for CEAFM?
  • Biodiversity and Fisheries approaches are both
    appropriate- take into account species,
    habitats/ecosystems and people
  • Biodiversity approach offers more opportunities
    for a holistic approach
  • Fisheries generally has more comprehensive
    governance and legal frameworks
  • Fisheries a domestic issue more so than
    biodiversity / conservation (local actions/local
    benefits)
  • FM tends to be more ccommunity driven and smaller
    scales and based on food security, with local
    priorities, aactions, results and respect/support

7
Day 2 Summary Groups 1 and 3
  • How can CEAFM be made sustainable (at the
    government and community level) in the medium to
    long-term.
  • Define and make sustainability operational and
    long-term
  • National / government level
  • Enshrined in legislation, (may need development)
    secure funding /other support and plan on
    available resources
  • Increase effectiveness of inter-agency
    cooperation, define roles, be adaptive
  • Provide education and awarness programmes
  • Build profile of coastal fisheries
  • Reduce/manage costs
  • Community
  • Attention to community governance/empowerment and
    plan according to resources
  • Generate and maintain community support manage
    expectations
  • Consider alternative/more diversified community
    opportunities
  • Rewards/ incentives not just penalties
  • Connectivity and expansion

8
Day 2 Summary Groups 3 and 4
  • What role should the various institutions have in
    CEAFM?
  • Government
  • Mostly policy and regulatory frameworks,
    monitoring, enforcement (some), and coordination
    (between agencies)
  • Devolve appropriate roles to the communities with
    legislative support.
  • Bring whole of government approach.
  • Increase approaches incorporating appropriate
    economic analysis
  • NGOs
  • Less restricted funding
  • Direct provision of services including education
    and awareness
  • Promotion of wider EAF/integrated approaches
    (ridges to reef)
  • Linking community and government and identify
    problems from communities
  • Assist government in formulating policy
  • Can be a controversial role

9
Day 2 Summary Groups 3 and 4
  • CROP Agencies
  • Countries not fully aware what CROP agencies can
    provide e.g. GIS training habitat mapping,
    imagery
  • Others
  • Universities - Research and baseline information,
    capacity building/training at all levels need to
    improve linkages with ink better to CROP NGOs
    to deliver/apply results/outputs
  • Graduates and research into fisheries management
  • Getting the research out to the communities and
    being used
  • Increasing role for Philanthropic institutions
    now starting to influence polices and directions
  • Communities

10
Day 2 Summary Groups 3 and 4
  • What legislative or policy actions are required
    to effectively support CEAFM (e.g. integrated
    coastal management, etc)?
  • More effective enforcement of rules and
    regulations including land based
    activities/planning
  • Review of legislation to ensure relevance
  • Policies/approaches that look at cumulative
    impacts
  • Trade-based measures
  • Adopt conservation as a policy priority
  • Better integration with management plans and
    other sectors
  • Empower communities to be able to determine and
    enforce local fishing laws

11
Day 2 Summary Groups 3 and 4
  • What is management effectiveness and how can it
    be evaluated?
  • Definition depends on management objectives
  • Important to distinguish between outcomes (no of
    meetings/plans) and what they achieved on the
    reefs and in the communities
  • Plans need inbuilt, indicative measures and low
    cost, low tech ways to monitor performance
  • Anecdotal vs empirical evidence
  • Role of communities fit for purpose
  • Important to assess real success of different
    approaches.

12
Day 2 Summary Groups 3 and 4
  • When is community-based management of fisheries
    most successful and why?
  • True collaboration/engagement with defined goals
    for govt., communities and NGOs
  • Effective legislative/governance framework
    leading to compliance (rather than enforcement
    where possible)
  • Involvement of all stakeholders and common/agreed
    goals and with a shared vision and understanding
    of community needs
  • Demand driven and owned by communities
  • Communication, including feedback (vital)
  • Communities taking responsibility
  • Benefit from both traditional legal systems
  • Realistic, cost-effective and responsive
    programmes

13
Day 3
  • Day three will focus on monitoring (for fisheries
    and conservation purposes), with a presentations
    to set the scene on what has been tried with
    successes, challenges and lessons learned.
  • Participants will then stay in their same group
    as the previous day to discuss specific issues
    regarding monitoring (community-based and
    national), with the results of the discussion
    presented back in plenary at the end of the day.

14
Questions for Day 3
  • First set (groups 1 and 3) on Data Needs and
    Collection.
  • Second set(groups 2 and 4) on Data Analysis
    Storage, and Use
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