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Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, and Culture through the American Music Industry Suzette Korch

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Title: Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, and Culture through the American Music Industry Suzette Korch


1
Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, and
Culture through the American Music Industry

Suzette Korchmaros
2
Ice Breaker
  • Partner Interview Questions
  • Form two circles with 10 people in the inner
    circle and 10 in the outer circle
  • Form an outer circle and another circle inside,
    students in the inner circle move counter
    clockwise and ask the outer circle questions
    assigned, asking a different person the different
    questions. Then after 3 minutes the outer circle
    asks the questions and the circle moves in the
    opposite direction

3
Ice Breaker Introductions
  • Stand up and introduce the person sitting next to
    you - tell the group their name and one of the
    answers from the circle activity.
  • I will breifly introduce myself with a powerpoint
    and touch on
  • Classroom rules (forming your own)
  • Point system/grading programs
  • Notebooks (bellwork, classwork/notes, vocabulary,
    project, and handouts/quizzes) and benefits
  • Routines

4
Bellwork
  • This is used at the beginning of class as a warm
    up exercise or motivating activity to connect to
    prior knowledge. The date and 2-3 questions in
    English and Spanish are written with possible
    answers. Review in English and gives 5 minutes
    to do attendance and tend to other students.
    Students should write these in a certain section
    of their notebook for points.
  • Example
  • Today is January _______ two thousand six, Monday
  • 1. What music genre do you listen to?
  • Que tipo de genres de música escuchas?
  • I listen to ……………
  • 2. Who is your favorite English language music
    group or musician?
  • Quien es tu favorito grupo de música o músico
    en el lenguaje ingles?
  • My favorite group/musician is…………….
  • Yesterday was January thirteenth. Tomorrow
    is_________ and the day after tomorrow will
    be__________
  • 1. What is the name of your favorite song in
    English?
  • 2. Who sings the song?
  • 3. What genre is it in?

5
Music Genres
  • KWL chart
  • What you know
  • What you want to learn
  • What you learnt- This part is reviewed after
    lesson

6
Music Genres
  • A music genre is a category (or genre) of pieces
    of music that share a certain style or "basic
    musical language". Music can also be categorised
    by non-musical criteria such as geographical
    origin. Such categories are not strictly genre
    and a single geographical category will often
    include a number of different genre.

7
Overview of main groupings
  • Classical music (or art music)
  • Gospel
  • Jazz
  • Latin American
  • Blues
  • Rhythm and blues
  • Rock
  • Country music
  • Electronic music
  • Electronic dance music
  • Electronica
  • Melodic music
  • Reggae, dub, and related forms
  • Punk music
  • Hip hop / Rap
  • Contemporary African music

8
Music Vocabulary
  • Homework-2x English with mini picture stays in
    notebook (music nouns) Part of notebook
  • Lyricas Lyrics Lyrics (picture/symbol)
  • Word wall-each students draws a different word
    and writes word in English and Spanish with a
    sentence (music verbs)
  • Compose/componer The song writer composed two new
    songs last spring. (picture)
  • Pictures-students respond-use the ones they made
    and cover up vocab word
  • TPR-Total Physical Response (music instruments)
    actions with words
  • Afterwords ask the person sitting behind you or
    in front of you interview questions
  • Which instrument do you play? Do you like to
    sing? Name an instrument thats popular in you
    country? Etc.
  • or have them put instruments into categories
  • Breath bow hands only

9
Music Vocabulary-Continued
  • Bingo (music types) have students fold a scarp
    piece of paper into four, when they open it up
    their should be 16 squares, have the pick 16
    vocab words and write randomly in the squares.
  • Memory 16 squares on overhead pick 8 vocab
    words and cover with post its labeled with
    numbers, make teams and have students call
    numbers and make a pair
  • Charades (music instruments) have students act
    out and guess vocab word by raising their hand
  • Pick a category and have students throw ball with
    words under that category-example music types,
    instruments, verbs
  • Divide class into two groups. Have students ask
    questions to guess word. Is it an instrument,
    does it have strings, is it a verb, etc.
  • Discuss idioms and expressions- write sentences
    and discuss example Lee didnt want to tell
    his parents about the car accident, but he had to
    face the music.

10
Time-prepostions
  • Before-previous to time
  • After subsequent to a time
  • During for part of a period/same time
  • Throughout for entire period of time
  • At/around, at/about at am approx. time
  • By no later than a time
  • Since between a past time and now
  • For during a length of time

11
Personal Time lines
  • Have students develop a person time with 10
    important life events and 10 musical events in
    their life. Include pictures and use the past
    tense (either ed or irregular verbs.)Example
  • I was born on November first nineteen seventy
    four.
  • I went to my first music concert on October 21st
    nineteen eighty five.
  • Students can write a 1 page personal biography
    using the prepositions previously introduced and
    peer editing can be used.

12
How to instructions
  • A. Give Verbs-come out, eject, go, listen to,
    make, pick, pick up, play, press in, put, repeat,
    skip, stop, take out, use, want
  • B. Give nouns-button, case. CD, compact disc,
    disc, music, number, player, remote, track, tray
  • C. Others- back, finally, forward, next
  • D. Demonstrate a how to in the front of the room
    with students/Playing a CD and have students
    develop a how to that has to do with music step
    by step. Example how to play the guitar

13
Popcorn Reading
  • Using a sponge ball, students read a paragraph or
    sentence and then throw the ball to the next
    reader. This keeps students on the ball and
    focused on reading since they dont know when it
    will be their turn to read.

14
United States Music
  • The music of the United States includes a number
    of kinds of distinct folk and popular music,
    including some of the most widely-recognized
    styles in the world. The original inhabitants of
    the United States included hundreds of Native
    American tribes, who played the first music in
    the area. Beginning in the 15th century,
    immigrants from England, Spain and France began
    arriving in large numbers, bringing with them new
    styles and instruments. Africans imported as
    slaves provided the musical underpinnings of much
    of modern American music, including blues, jazz,
    country, rock and roll, hip hop, disco, funk,
    soul music, doo-wop, reggae, ragtime, and certain
    dance/electronic genres such as house music,
    techno, and electro. Other styles of music were
    brought by Hispanics from Mexico, Cuba and Puerto
    Rico, the Cajun descendants of French-Canadians,
    Jews, Eastern Europeans and Irish, Scottish and
    Italian immigrants.

15
United States Music
  • Since the beginning of the 20th century, popular
    recorded music from the United States has become
    increasingly known across the world, to the point
    where some form of American popular music is
    listened to almost everywhere. Most of this
    popular music ultimately stems from African
    American music, especially the blues and African
    American gospel music. African American folk
    music is a part of the Afro-American tradition,
    which extends across most of the Western
    Hemisphere, where elements of African, European
    and indigenous music mixed in varying amounts to
    form a wide array of diverse styles. Celtic
    music, especially Irish and Scottish, also played
    an integral role in shaping modern American
    music, through massive immigration of Irish and
    Scottish people, bringing with them folk music.
    Long a land of immigrants, the United States has
    also seen documented folk music and recorded
    popular music produced in the ethnic styles of
    Ukrainian, Polish, Mexican, Cuban, Spanish and
    Jewish communities.

16
United States Music
  • The modern United States is divided into fifty
    states and the inhabited non-state territories of
    Washington, D.C., Puerto Rico, American Samoa,
    U.S. Virgin Islands, Northern Mariana Islands and
    Guam. Most cities, and even many smaller towns,
    have local music scenes, ranging from casual
    opportunities for amateur performers at bars and
    other establishments to large-scale orchestras,
    local indie record labels and community
    performing venues, all supporting a number of
    vibrant regional traditions in various styles.
    Though none doubt the importance of a handful of
    major cities, like New York, Nashville and Los
    Angeles, many smaller cities and regions have
    produced memorable and distinctive styles of
    music. The Cajun and Creole traditions in
    Louisianan music and the unique folk and popular
    styles of Hawaiian music are two notable
    exceptions, though other styles of distinct
    regional music range from the colonial First New
    England School to modern scenes like Memphis rap
    and the Omaha sound.

17
United States Music
  • Genres (Samples) Classical - Folk - Popular Hip
    hop - Pop Rock
  • AwardsGrammy Awards, Country Music Awards
  • ChartsBillboard Music ChartFestivalsJazz Fest,
    Lollapalooza, Ozzfest, Monterey Jazz Festival
  • MediaSpin, Rolling Stone, Vibe, Downbeat, Source,
    MTV, VH1National anthem"The Star-Spangled Banner"
    and forty-nine state

18
United States Popular music Music
  • The United States has produced many of the most
    popular musicians and composers in the modern
    world. Beginning with the birth of recorded
    music, American performers have continued to lead
    the field of popular music, which, out of "all
    the contributions made by Americans to world
    culture... has been taken to heart by the entire
    world" 38. The country has seen the rise of
    many popular styles, including ragtime, the
    blues, jazz, rock, RB, doo wop, gospel, soul,
    funk, heavy metal, punk rock, disco, salsa,
    grunge and hip hop.
  • American popular music, being well-known across
    the world, has had many milestones. Most
    histories of popular music start with American
    ragtime or Tin Pan Alley David Clarke, however,
    in The Rise and Fall of Popular Music, traces
    popular music back to the European Renaissance
    and through broadsheet ballads and other popular
    traditions 39. Other authors typically look at
    popular sheet music, tracing American popular
    music to spirituals, minstrel shows and
    vaudeville, or the patriotic songs of the
    American Civil War.
  • Of especial importance are a handful of
    performers who did more than anyone to create
    American popular music. Louis Armstrong's
    "virtuosity (which) inspired awe among his
    followers" helped make him a "giant figure" in
    the world of jazz, and a major foundation for
    later popular styles 40. Later, following the
    white teen swing phase, a number of vocalists
    like Ella Fitzgerald and the Ink Spots became
    very popular, especially among the youth. A
    number of Italian-American crooners also found a
    major youth audience, including Dean Martin, Tony
    Bennett, Perry Como, Frankie Laine and, most
    famously, the "first pop vocalist to engender
    hysteria among his fans" Frank Sinatra41. Elvis
    Presley and Bill Haley, responsible for
    popularizing rock and roll, also deserve special
    note for changing the whole of popular music,
    both within and without the United States.

19
United States Popular music Music
  • The era of the modern teen pop star, however,
    began in the 1960s. Bubblegum pop groups like The
    Monkees were chosen entirely for their appearance
    and ability to sell records, with no regard to
    musical ability. Pop groups like these remained
    popular into the 1970s, producing such acts as
    the Partridge Family and The Osmonds. By the
    1990s, there were numerous varieties of teen pop,
    including boy bands like NSYNC and the
    Backstreet Boys, while female diva vocalists like
    Christina Aguilera and Britney Spears also
    dominated the charts.
  • Recently, American popular music has shifted away
    from teen pop and mainstream rock. In the early
    2000s, it became increasingly rarer for songs
    belonging to these genres to reach the tops of
    the charts. Instead, the charts have yielded
    mostly hip-hop, rap, and RB hits. Also, there
    has been a growing movement towards modern rock
    music since the 90s this movement has owed some
    of its very recent chart hits, such as Fall Out
    Boy's Sugar We're Goin' Down, which peaked at
    number eight on the Hot 100, to the revival of
    the music single through paid digital downloads.

20
Country music
  • also called country and western music or
    country-western, is an amalgam of popular musical
    forms developed in the Southern United States,
    with roots in traditional folk music, Celtic
    Music, Blues, Gospel music, and Old-time music.
  • However, country music is actually a catch-all
    category that embraces several different genres
    of music Nashville sound (the pop-like music
    very popular in the 1960s) bluegrass, a fast
    mandolin, banjo and fiddle-based music
    popularized by Bill Monroe and by the Foggy
    Mountain Boys Western which encompasses
    traditional Western ballads and Hollywood Cowboy
    Music, Western swing, a sophisticated dance music
    popularized by Bob Wills Bakersfield sound
    (popularized by Buck Owens and Merle Haggard)
    Outlaw country Cajun Zydeco gospel oldtime
    (generally pre-1930 folk music) honky tonk
    Appalachian rockabilly neotraditional country
    and jug band.

21
Examples of Contemporary Country Stars 1980-2005
  • Alabama
  • Dierks Bentley
  • Big and Rich
  • Clint Black
  • Paul Brandt
  • Brooks Dunn
  • Garth Brooks
  • George Canyon
  • Johnny Cash
  • Jeremy Castle
  • Mary Chapin Carpenter

22
Rock and roll
  • also spelled rock 'n' roll, especially in its
    first decade, is a genre of music that emerged as
    a defined musical style in American South in the
    1950s, and quickly spread to the rest of the
    country, and the world. From the late 1950s to
    the mid 1990s rock was perhaps the most popular
    form in music in the western world. It later
    evolved into the various different sub-genres of
    what is now called simply 'rock'. As a result,
    "rock and roll" now has two distinct meanings
    either traditional rock and roll in the 1950s
    style, or later rock and even pop music which may
    be very far from traditional rock and roll.

23
Rock and roll
  • Rock and roll emerged as a defined musical style
    in America in the 1950s, though elements of rock
    and roll can be heard in rhythm and blues records
    as far back as the 1920s. Early rock and roll
    combined elements of blues, boogie woogie, jazz
    and rhythm and blues, and is also influenced by
    traditional Appalachian folk music, gospel and
    country and western. Going back even further,
    rock and roll can trace a foundational lineage to
    the old Five Points district of mid-19th century
    New York City, the scene of the first fusion of
    heavily rhythmic African shuffles and sand dances
    with melody driven European genres, particularly
    the Irish jig.
  • Rocking was a term first used by black gospel
    singers in the American South to mean something
    akin to spiritual rapture. By the 1940s, however,
    the term was used as a double entendre,
    ostensibly referring to dancing, but with the
    hidden subtextual meaning of sex an example of
    this is Roy Brown's "Good Rocking Tonight". This
    type of song was usually relegated to "race
    music" (the music industry code name for rhythm
    and blues) outlets and was rarely heard by
    mainstream white audiences. In 1951, Cleveland,
    Ohio disc jockey Alan Freed would begin playing
    this type of music for his white audience, and it
    is Freed who is credited with coining the phrase
    "rock and roll" to describe the rollicking RB
    music that he brought to the airwaves.
  • There is much debate as to what should be
    considered the first rock and roll record.
    Candidates include

24
Rock and roll
  • the 1951 "Rocket 88" by Jackie Brenston His
    Delta Cats, or later and more widely-known hits
    like Chuck Berry's "Maybellene" "Johnny B. Goode"
    or Bo Diddley's "Bo Diddley" or Bill Haley His
    Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" or, as
    RollingStone magazine pointed out, to some
    controversy, in 2005, "That's all right", Elvis
    Presley's first single for SUN records, in
    Memphis. Some historians go further back,
    pointing to musicians like Fats Domino, who were
    recording in the 40s in styles largely
    indistinguishable from rock and roll these
    include Louis Jordan's "Is You Is or Is You Ain't
    My Baby?", Jack Guthrie's "The Oakie Bookie"
    (1947) and Benny Carter and Paul Vandervoort II's
    "Rock Me to Sleep" (1950).
  • Main artists starting to score in the main hit
    charts from 1955 onward included the influencial
    and pioneering Bill Haley, Elvis Presley, Fats
    Domino, Little Richard, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee
    Lewis.

25
Blues
  • Blues is a combination of African work songs,
    field hollers and shouts. It developed in the
    rural south in the first decade of the 20th
    century. The most important characteristics of
    the blues is its use of the blue scale, with a
    flatted or indeterminate third, as well as the
    typically lamenting lyrics though both of these
    elements had existed in African American folk
    music prior to the 20th century, the codified
    form of modern blues (such as with the AAB
    structure) did not exist until the early 20th
    century.
  • Donald Clarke has claimed that, in the blues, the
    "verses and musical accompaniment are like two
    voices the accompaniment is a commentary on the
    story being told, and the result is a
    polyrhythmic, almost poly-emotional music. The
    blues is... a passionate, intensely rhythmic way
    of keeping the spirit up, by commenting on
    problems of life and love with lyrics full of
    irony and earthy imagery".

26
Hip hop / Rap
  • Hip hop music (also commonly referred to as
    "rap") can be seen as a subgenre of RB tradition
    (see above). Hip hop culture, the movement from
    which the music came, began in inner cities in
    the US in the 1970s. The earliest recordings,
    from the late-1970s and early 1980s, are now
    referred to as old school hip hop. In the later
    part of the decade, regional styles developed.
    East Coast hip hop, based out of New York City,
    was by far the most popular as hip hop began to
    break into the mainstream. West Coast hip hop,
    based out of Los Angeles, was by far less popular
    until 1992, when Dr. Dre's The Chronic
    revolutionized the West Coast sound, using slow,
    stoned, lazy beats in what came to be called G
    Funk. Soon after, a host of other regional styles
    became popular, most notably Southern rap, based
    out of Atlanta and New Orleans, primarily.
    Atlanta-based performers like OutKast and Goodie
    Mob soon developed their own distinct sound,
    which came to be known as Dirty South. As hip hop
    became more popular in the mid-1990s, alternative
    hip hop gained in popularity among critics and
    long-time fans of the music.

27
Hip hop / Rap
  • De La Soul's 3 Feet High and Rising (1989) was
    perhaps the first "alternative hip hop"
    blockbuster, and helped develop a specific style
    called jazz rap, characterized by the use of live
    instrumentation and/or jazz samples. Other less
    popular forms of hip hop include various
    non-American varieties Japan, Britain, Mexico,
    Sweden, Finland, France, Germany, Italy and
    Turkey have vibrant hip hop communities. In
    Puerto Rico, a style called reggaeton is popular.
    Electro hip hop was invented in the 1980s, but is
    distinctly different from most old school hip hop
    (as is go go, another old style). Some other
    genres have been created by fusing hip hop with
    techno (trip hop) and heavy metal (rapcore). In
    the late 1980s, Miami's hip hop scene was
    characterized by bass-heavy grooves designed for
    dancing -- Miami bass music. Horrorcore, or Acid
    Rap is mainly credited to Detroit and the
    Midwest. There are also rappers with Christian
    themes in the lyrics -- this is Christian hip
    hop.
  • Perhaps the most recent development in hip hop is
    the Backpacker sub-genre. Charachterized by a
    renewed focus on poetry and Hip Hop Culture, it
    includes artists such as Sage Francis,
    Atmosphere, and Eyedea and Abilities.

28
Read about Rock and Roll
  • Students are given information to read in
    groups-one person does something else, when the
    other person comes back the group has to give all
    the new knowledge to that person who will compete
    to answer questions for the group.
  • Map different music roots in the United States

29
Carousel
  • place x number of sheets around the room with a
    catefory, in this case music genres (rock and
    roll, country, hip hop, and blues)
  • groups of 4-5 move from station to station and
    write down ideas that support the topic to review
    information
  • Supplies-colored markers large piece of butcher
    paper
  • I pack of sticky tac or tape

30
Learn songs from each genre
  • ESL through music, activites with songs
  • If Rock and Roll, Joan Jet I love Rock n Roll
  • View Youve got a Friend powerpoint example

31
Project Music
  • Presentations of singer and genre
  • Rubrics
  • Group management

32
Jeporady
  • Create categories and make questions for each
    increasing difficulty
  • Form two teams and rotate the person who will
    answer for the team
  • Give 30 seconds to answer
  • Review material from the day
  • Good activity to review content for a test
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