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Cholesterol and heart diseases

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Title: Cholesterol and heart diseases


1
ABOUT DOCTOR
Interventional Cardiologist Apollo Hospitals,
Indore
Dr. Sarita Rao is a Sr. Interventional
Cardiologist at Apollo Hospitals, Indore. She is
the first female Interventional Cardiologist in
Central India. She is Fellow of American College
of Cardiology(FACC) and Fellow of European
Society of Cardiology(FESC)
For OPD Appointments Contact  91
9893925000 OPD Timing at Apollo Hospitals,
Indore  1100 AM to 400 PM Location  Apollo
Hospitals, Indore Sector D Rd, Scheme No 74C,
Vijay Nagar, Indore. OPD Timing at Clinic  630
PM to 800 PM Location  303, Third Floor, Vishal
Astra, Opp. Satya Sai School, A.B Road, Indore,
MP.
2
Cholesterol and heart diseases
What is cholesterol- Cholesterol is a waxy
substance that is found in blood. Cholesterol
generally helps the body to build new cells,
insulation of nerves and production of hormones.
Normally the liver is responsible for making the
cholesterol the body needs, but the cholesterol
also enters the body from the food and mostly
animal based foods like milk, eggs, meat. Excess
amount of cholesterol in the body is a highly
risk factor for heart diseases. 
How does high cholesterol cause heart disease?
If there is excessive amount of cholesterol in
the blood it leads to build up in the walls of
arteries inform of fatty deposits, in the form of
heart disease. Due to the deposits the arteries
become narrow and the blood flow of the heart is
slow down or blocked. Blood is main carrier of
oxygen to the heart, and if the enough Oxygen and
blood does not reaches the heart it may leads to
heart problems and chest pain. And if the blood
supply of any portion of the heart is completely
cut off due to be fatty deposits of cholesterol
it may leads to heart attack. And sometimes these
deposits can be break down suddenly forming a
clot that can be main cause of stroke.
3
Causes - Cholesterol are carried through blood,
attached to the proteins. Combination of protein
and cholesterol is called lipoprotein there are
basically different type of cholesterol based on
what the lipoprotein carries,  the two type of
lipoproteins are-
  • Low density lipoprotein (LDL)

LDL are the bad cholesterol, transports
cholesterol particles throughout the body, LDL
cholesterol are build up in the walls of artries,
which make them hard and narrow.
  • High density lipoprotein (HDL)

HDL are the good cholesterol, this picks up
excess cholesterol and takes it back to the
liver.
  • Eating too much of saturated fats
  • Having too much body fats
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Excessive alcohol and smoking

Various factors that you can control are
in-activity, obesity and un healthy diet, These
are the factors that contribute to harmful
cholesterol and triglycerides levels. 
4
There are various medical conditions that can
cause unhealthy cholesterol level in body are -
  • Chronic kidney diseases
  • HIV / AIDS
  • Diabetes
  • Lupus
  • Hypothyroidism

Complications- High cholesterol levels in the
body and cause various complications that are
even life threatening like atherosclerosis, which
reduces the blood flow through the arteries and
which can cause complications like-
5
Chest pain - if the arteries which are supplying
the blood to the heart (coronary arteries)are
affected there might be the chest pain (Angina)
and other symptoms 9f Coronary artery diseases..
Heart attack - if plague or the deposits rapture,
a blood clot can be formed at the sight of the
rapture which can block the flow of blood and can
lead to breakdown of blood  downstream. If due to
this blockage any part of the heart does not get
the proper blood flow there will be heart
attack.
Stroke - similar to the heart attack, stroke can
also occur when the blood clots blocks the blood
flow of the brain.
Risk factor that can lead to heart diseases
leading from high cholesterol are high blood
pressure, diabetes, overweight, are being
physically inactive.
Prevention- Lifestyle changes can help you to
lower your cholesterol levels and to prevent the
diseases like heart attack, stroke, chest pain
etc , the lifestyle changes includes changes in
eating habits and provide in the accurate amount
of activity needed to the body. To help
preventing high cholesterol you can
6
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat low salt diet 
  • Eating vegetables and fruits
  • Quit alcohol
  • Loose weight
  • Manage stress
  • Lower the amount of animal fats 
  • Eating good fats
  • Exercising regularly
  • Drink water
  • Do not relly on packed food items

Dr. Sarita Rao is an experienced Cardiologist in
Indore. If you are looking for the best heart
specialist in Indore just contact Dr. Sarita Rao.
Online visit for appointment - https//drsaritarao
cardiologist.com/
7
Get in Touch - https//drsaritaraocardiologist.co
m/contact/
Please go through our social media Facebook
https//www.facebook.com/Dr-Sarita-Rao-Cardiologis
t-101841215429014 Please do follow on Instagram
Instagram https//www.instagram.com/drsarita_
rao/ More Post- WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE HEART
ISSUES AFTER COVID- 19
8
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