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Cultural Diversity

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Cultural Diversity Issues in Diversity Gender Language Groups Race Ethnicity Rural / Urban Special Needs physical disabilities mental disabilities Ethnic & Racial ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cultural Diversity


1
Cultural Diversity
2
Issues in Diversity
  • Gender
  • Language Groups
  • Race
  • Ethnicity
  • Rural / Urban
  • Special Needs
  • physical disabilities
  • mental disabilities

3
Ethnic Racial Diversity in the United States
  • In 1950 minorities made up 11 of the U.S.
    population.
  • This figure increased to 30 by 2000.
  • By 2014, 40 of the Illinois population will be
    none-white.
  • By 2030, 50 of the US population will be
    non-white.
  • By 2030, Caucasians will be the largest minority
    in the U.S.

4
Stereotypes -- An Example
  • How do people walk?
  • How do rich people walk?
  • How do rich women walk?

5
Stereotypes are broadly held.
  • Can you name stereotypes for these groups?
  • African Americans
  • Arabs
  • Asian Americans
  • Catholics
  • Fundamentalist Christians
  • Jews
  • Latino Americans
  • Native Americans
  • Polish Americans
  • WASPs

6
Stereotypes are generally considered offensive.
  • How do you feel about your ethnic and/or
    cultural and/or religious grouping stereotype?

7
Minority Status and Identity Development
  • Minority management of cultural differences
  • assimilation (melting pot)
  • accommodation (vegetable soup)
  • separation (rejection of dominant group)
  • Cultural identity development -- Cross 1980, 1987
  • pre-encounter stage (minority group members
    notice differences between selves and majority
    culture, but differences are not considered
    important)
  • encounter stage (minority member encounters
    discrimination in vivid form)
  • immersion stage (minority members immerse
    themselves in the ways of their ethnic group)
  • internalization stage (appreciate selves, but
    realize that differences dont always correspond
    to group membership)

8
Multiculturalism
  • Awareness of Differences
  • Respect for Differences
  • Affirmation of Differences

9
The Multicultural Classroom
  • Hold everyone to the same standards.
  • Use ethnic names in examples.
  • Select course text books carefully.
  • Ensure equal opportunity for all.
  • Get to know your students.
  • Assess each students needs.
  • Celebrate student differences.
  • Teach in a cultural / historical context when
    possible and appropriate.
  • See Affirming Differences by Sonia Nieto, ch. 12

10
Clinical Experience
  • Visit a high school physics classroom with a
    culturally diverse population.
  • Note the presence of members of unique cultural
    and ethnic groups.
  • Identify the varied educational needs of students
    from different cultural and ethnic groups.
  • In lab, recitation, or tutoring session, take
    advantage of any opportunity to work with
    students of culturally diverse backgrounds.
  • Prepare a written report of your findings and
    activities.
  • Perform a cultural sensitivity assessment of a
    high school physics textbook.

11
Significant Problems with the Multiculturalism
Movement
  • Cultural illiteracy results from a lack of
    common understanding which can affect
    understanding.
  • A common basis is needed for effective
    communication. For example, consider the first
    stanza of the Aussie classic Waltzing Matilda.
  • Once a jolly swagman camped by a bilibong
  • under the shade of a kulibar tree,
  • he sang as he sat and waited for his biliboil,
  • youll come a waltzing Matilda with me!
  • Multiculturalism can actually disenfranchise
    those who do not learn to speak a common language.

12
References
  • Cross, W. E., Jr. (1980). Models of psychological
    nigrescence A literature review. In R. L. Jones
    (Ed.), Black psychology. New York Harper Row.
  • Cross, W. E., Jr. (1987). A two-factor theory of
    black identity Implications for the study of
    identity development in minority children. In J.
    S. Phinney M. R. Rotheram (Eds.), Childrens
    ethnic socialization. Beverly Hills Sage
    Publications.
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