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Cultural%20Diversity

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Cultural Diversity Chapter 2 Section 1 The Meaning of Culture The Meaning of Culture What is Culture? The Components of Culture Examining Culture What is Culture? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cultural%20Diversity


1
Cultural Diversity
  • Chapter 2
  • Section 1
  • The Meaning of Culture

2
The Meaning of Culture
  • What is Culture?
  • The Components of Culture
  • Examining Culture

3
What is Culture?
  • Culture consists of all the shared products of
    human groups.
  • Physical objects
  • Beliefs
  • Values
  • Behaviors
  • Material Culture the physical objects that
    people create and use.
  • Examples automobiles, books, buildings,
    clothing, computers, cooking utensils.

4
What is Culture cont.
  • Non-material culture abstract human creations.
  • Examples beliefs, family patterns, ideas,
    languages, rules, skills, work practices,
    political and economic systems.
  • Society a group of interdependent people who
    have organized in such a way as to share a common
    culture and feeling of unity.

5
The Components of Culture
  • Culture is both learned and shared
  • Specific examples of the material and nonmaterial
    elements of culture vary society but all cultures
    have certain basic components.
  • Ex. Technology, symbols, languages, values,
    norms.

6
Technology
  • Culture consists of not only physical objects but
    also the rules for using those objects.
  • The relationship between the objects and the
    rules is known as
  • Technology
  • You need basic skills to know how to use money.
  • Sociologists look at the rules that accompany
    this such as spending.

7
Symbols
  • The use of symbols is the basis of human culture.
  • We use symbols to create our culture and
    communicate with others.
  • Words, gestures, images, sounds, physical
    objects, event or element of the natural world
    serves as a symbol.
  • Give examples of each.

8
Language
  • Language is the organization of written or
    spoken symbols into a standardized system.
  • When organized according to accepted rules of
    grammar, words can be used to express any idea.

9
Values
  • Language and symbols are important because they
    allow us to communicate our values.
  • Values are shared beliefs about what is good or
    bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.
  • The types of values held by a group help to
    determine the character of its people and its
    culture.
  • Yanomano Tribe

10
Norms
  • Norms are used to enforce their cultural vales.
  • Norms are shared rules of conduct that tell
    people how to act in specific situations.
  • Remember norms are expected behavior not actual
    behavior.
  • Example cover your mouth when you yawn, do not
    kill a human being.
  • Name any others

11
Norms
  • Folkways are norms that describe socially
    acceptable behavior but do not have great moral
    significance attached to them.
  • They outline the common customs of everyday life.
  • Some degree of nonconformity to folkways is
    permitted because it does not endanger the well
    being of society.

12
Norms
  • Mores have great moral significance attracted to
    them because the violation of these rules
    endangers societys well being.
  • Murder, fraud
  • Laws written rules of conduct enacted and
    enforced by the government.
  • Enforce both folkways and mores.

13
Examining Culture
  • Sociologists must keep up with all the changing
    behaviors, ideas, and objects in society.
  • They break them into groups and study them each.
  • Traits
  • Complexes
  • Patterns

14
Culture Traits
  • Definition an individual tool, act, or belief
    that is related to a particular situation.
  • Ball
  • Goal posts
  • Pads
  • cleates

15
Culture Complexes
  • Definition a cluster of interrelated traits.
  • Cleats, ball, goal posts, pads make up football

16
Culture Patterns
  • Definition the combination of a number of
    culture complexes into an interrelated whole.
  • There are separate complexes for baseball,
    basketball, football, soccer, swimming, tennis,
    and track and combine all of them into an
    American athletic pattern.
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