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The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David

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... and power brings temptations of dishonesty, bribery and ... Israel provided three reasons: Samuel's age, wicked sons, and to be like the other nations. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David


1
The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David
  • Lesson 4 Give Us a King!
  • I Sm. 8 - 927
  • For whatever things were written before were
    written for our learning, that we through the
    patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have
    hope. (Romans 154)
  • Now all these things happened to them as
    examples, and they were written for our
    admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have
    come. (I Corinthians 1011)

2
Introduction
  • Israel has a history of sin and rebellion, yet
    God is merciful and knows the future.
  • Some people want to know What have you done for
    me lately?
  • God made provisions for a king in His law before
    it was requested.
  • Why did Israel demand a king?
  • Key reasons include the age of Samuel,
    wickedness of Samuels sons, and to be like other
    nations.
  • REAL REASON Self-will.
  • Youth and inexperience may have lead to
    corruption. Absolute power corrupts absolutely.
  • Samuels sons were delegated authority from
    Samuel.
  • His sons were dishonest, took bribes, and
    perverted justice (Dt. 1618-22).
  • The people expressed dissatisfaction and
    rejection of Samuels leadership.
  • Rejecting the system of judges is a rejection of
    Gods rule and leadership. They rejected Gods
    arrangement and wanted to improve upon His
    arrangement.
  • Samuel turns to God for guidance.
  • God grants the request for a king.
  • The people are warned about the labors and
    troubles of a king.
  • God directed Samuel to select Saul to be Israels
    first king.
  • Saul was tall and handsome, of the tribe of
    Benjamin, and Son of wealthy Kish

3
Discussion Questions
  • Why do you think Samuel's sons were corrupt? (I
    Sm. 715-17 81)
  • Perhaps he was never home due to constant travel.
  • Samuels sons seemed to be like Elis sons who
    were selfish and rebellious.
  • Why didnt God destroy Samuel as He did Eli?
  • Maybe he didnt realize it or was blind to it.
  • Maybe He raised them right and they made their
    own choices because, they turned aside. (83)
  • Lesson to Learn Good children are not always
    good just because their parents are good. (Hb.
    1214-17 1120, 32, 4 Jude 11)
  • Examples Issacs sons (Jacob/Esau), Samuels
    sons, Davids sons (Absalom/Solomon), Adam and
    Eves sons (Cain/Abel).
  • Parents are responsible/accountable for raising
    their children right, then they become
    responsible/accountable for their own decisions.

4
Discussion Questions
  • In what ways did Samuel's sons disregard the law
    of God and refused to walk in the steps of their
    father? (I Sm. 83 218-21, 26 319 Dt.
    1618-19)
  • Samuels sons took bribes, were dishonest, and
    perverted justice, yet Samuel had favor with God
    and man.
  • God provides instructions and laws regarding
    appointed leaders and delegated authority (Dt.
    1618-19).
  • The statement, Like father, like son is not
    always true.
  • Lesson to Learn Public office and power brings
    temptations of dishonesty, bribery and
    perversion. (Mt. 2811-15 Lk. 1419 Ga. 17-9
    Tit. 310-11 I Tm. 36-7 519-20 69-10)
  • Modern politicians take bribes in return for
    favoritism (i.e. PACs, campaign funds, bad
    checks, etc.).
  • Jesus knows what politics is all about (i.e.
    trial).
  • In general, politicians are known for making
    excuses, casting blame on others, being
    deceptive, etc.
  • Religious leaders may pervert the truth into
    false doctrines.
  • In general, promoting youth and inexperience
    leads to temptations and corruption (i.e. Enron,
    preachers, elders, deacons, etc.).

5
Discussion Questions
  • How did the people express their dissatisfaction
    to Samuel? (I Sm. 84-5) What was the real
    motive of Israel's demand for a king? (I Sm. 85,
    8 Ps. 1188-9 Jud. 822-24)
  • Israel provided three reasons Samuels age,
    wicked sons, and to be like the other nations.
  • Real Motive Be like the other nations. They
    were more confident in mans way. It was
    self-will. (Ps. 1188-9)
  • Israel could have suggested removal of Samuels
    sons, but it seems they may have been thinking
    about this for some time (Jud. 822-23).
  • Lesson to Learn Self-will is when we want to do
    something regardless of God's warnings and
    instructions. (Jh. 113 Ga. 520 II Pt. 21
    Ac. 155 I Co. 1119 II Th. 17-9)
  • The battle of the wills God and man.
  • Heresy is a strong self-willed opinion (Vines).
    A heresy causes divisions and leads to false
    doctrine.
  • Our real motives will be reflected in our words
    and deeds.

6
Discussion Questions
  • How was Israel influenced by the nations around
    them? (I Sm. 85, 8 Jud. 21-6)
  • Israel was influenced by what they saw and
    desired to imitate others.
  • Israel imitated others by worshipping idols, and
    their government.
  • Philosophy Keep up with the world (i.e. modern,
    progressive, innovative). Being like other
    religious groups.
  • Lesson To Learn Influence of the world can
    corrupt the church. (I Co. 51-13 Josh. 71-26
    Mt. 1322 Jm. 44 I Jh. 215-17 Col. 35 II
    Co. 211 I Co. 1012 II Co. 416-18 Mt. 1315
    II Pt. 310-13 Re. 212-29 314-22)
  • Tolerating sin make a church impure and corrupt
    (I Co. 5 Jos. 7).
  • Indifference and worldliness destroys church
    influence.
  • Satan presents temptation/devices to sin through
    three avenues lusts of the flesh, lust of the
    eyes and the pride of life.
  • Cares and pleasures of the world slowly choke us
    to death. We cant be a friend of the world and
    God.
  • We must set our minds on things above. We must
    realize the earth and all the works will be
    destroyed. We must see the big picture!

7
Discussion Questions
  • Why did God make provisions in the old law for a
    king? (Dt. 1714-20 2619)
  • God knew the time would come (Dt. 1714).
  • Jesus, our King, was the son of king David. An
    important link in the chain.
  • Gods divine regulations were violated (i.e. King
    Solomon I Ki. 111-13).
  • Israel was still required to be set apart from
    all the other nations.

8
Discussion Questions
  • How did Samuel respond to the demand? How did
    the Lord respond? (I Sm. 86-9)
  • Samuel was displeased and prayed to God.
  • Samuel realized the people rejected God, and was
    displeased with the peoples rejection of Gods
    arrangement.
  • Samuel knew how God felt. Do we know how God
    feels? (Ge. 399)
  • God instructed Samuel to heed the request and
    warn Israel. Rebellion was not new to Israel.
  • Lesson To Learn We should take our problems to
    God in prayer and depend upon His guidance. (I
    Pt. 57 Ph. 44-7 Ps. 1051-5 I Tm. 22 Mk.
    1438 Jm. 15)
  • We should cast ALL of our cares on Jesus. He
    really cares!!!
  • Christians have nothing to worry about.
  • We must pray for ALL people.
  • We must watch and pray. We must ask for wisdom
    and guidance from God. We need wisdom!!!

9
Discussion Questions
  • What are the troubles and labors of a king? (I
    Sm. 810-18)
  • Sons will be enlisted to serve in the military.
    Military leaders will be appointed.
  • Decisions will be made about who will plow, make
    swords and weapons.
  • Daughters will be enlisted to serve as cooks.
    Servants will be taken.
  • Taxes will be collected.
  • Our government may use a draft, collects taxes,
    conduct military activities, etc.). Its better
    than anarchy (Jud. 176) or wild, wild, west.
  • Briefly describe the family, appearance and
    character of Saul. (I Sm. 91-2, 21 1023-24
    1313 1519)
  • Family was of the tribe of Benjamin (smallest,
    wealthy, powerful).
  • Sauls appearance was handsome, tall and young.
  • Sauls character appeared as humble in the
    beginning and turned to pride, self-will and
    rebellion (921 1022 1313).
  • Saul seemed capable from a human viewpoint (92
    1022-23), but he failed to measure up to Gods
    standard because of worldliness and self-will
    (1313 1519).

10
Discussion Questions Final Thoughts
  • How did God guide Samuel in selecting Saul as
    king (I Sm. 93-17)?
  • Samuel was told Saul would come to him seeking
    help in finding his lost donkeys.
  • God told Samuel that Saul was to be selected.
  • How did Samuel react to the man that was to
    replace him as the leader? (I Sm. 919-27)
  • Even though Saul was young and inexperienced,
    Samuel honored the man who was to be his
    replacement (922).
  • Samuel was not resentful, bitter, hateful, etc.
    He did not question Gods decision or
    instructions.
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