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Journey Through the Bible

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3rd Cycle United Kingdom. 1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11. Saul. David. Solomon. Israel Demands a King ... D. Kingdom. United Kingdom. Reference: 1 Sam 16 2 Sam 23 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Journey Through the Bible


1
Kish had a son whose name was Saul, a choice
and handsome man, and there was not a more
handsome person than he among the sons of Israel
from his shoulders and up he was taller than any
of the people. 1 Samuel 92 (NASB)
2
Journey Through the Bible
  • 3rd Cycle United Kingdom

3
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Israel Demands a King
  • When Samuel was old he made his sons judges. v.
    1
  • His sons (Joel Abijah), however, were ungodly
    judges in Beersheba. v. 2-3
  • The elders ask Samuel for a king. vss. 4-5
  • This grieves Samuel goes to God in prayer v. 7
  • God tells him to heed the peoples request.
  • They have rejected Me.

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Israel demands a king (1
Samuel 8)
4
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Saul (the man). 91-2
  • From tribe of Benjamin (cp. Gibeah Levites
    concubine).
  • From a wealthy family.
  • Most handsome in Israel.
  • From shoulders up he was taller than everyone
    else.
  • NOTE Popular choice in the eyes of the People
  • God gave the people who/what they believed would
    make for a great king.
  • Saul fit the mold of most popular

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Saul the man (1 Sam. 9)
5
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Saul Proclaimed as King
  • Samuel to the people You have rejected your God…
    Present yourselves before the Lord v. 19
  • Tribes, then families, then Kishs family brought
    before the Lord, but Saul was hiding. vss. 21-22
  • Saul was brought before the people with Samuels
    declaration. vss. 23-24
  • Samuel then recites ordinances of the kingdom. v.
    25

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Saul proclaimed king
over Israel (1 Sam. 10)
6
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Saul saves Jabesh Gilead
  • Ammonites came against Jabesh Gilead who wanted
    to serve them. v. 1
  • Jabesh cries for help after Nahash refuses to
    make a covenant with them. v. 2
  • Saul gathers Israel and brings victory for
    Israel. v. 6-11
  • Those who despised Saul were nearly put to death,
    but Saul saves them. v. 12-13
  • Israel makes Saul king. v. 15

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Saul saves Jabesh Gilead
(1 Sam. 11)
7
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • NOTE Philistines strong in the land
  • They strove for land dominance for nearly 300
    years by now.
  • They had garrisons in Israel.

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Saul and the Philistines
(1 Sam. 13)
8
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Unlawful sacrifice
  • Saul, waiting for Samuel in Gilgal decided to
    offer burnt offerings. v. 7b-9
  • Samuel rebukes Saul and asked what have you
    done?
  • Sauls reply The people were scattering… the
    Philistines were gathering at Michmash. v. 11
  • Samuel - Now your kingdom shall not continue. The
    Lord has sought for Himself a man after His own
    heart… 1 Sam. 1313-14

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Sauls unlawful
sacrifice (1 Sam. 13)
9
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • God provides victory to Jonathan
  • His faith was strong in the Lord. v. 6 (cp.
    1320-22).
  • He secretly goes to the Philistines garrison and
    sees if God would deliver them to him. vss. 8-15
  • After his victory the Phili- stines tremble.
    vss. 12-15
  • This allowed all Israel to strengthen and fight
    (victoriously) against the Philistines. vss. 16-23

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Sauls son (Jonathan)
gains victory (1 Sam. 14)
10
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Sauls bad oath
  • God just delivered Israel vss. 1-23
  • The people, however, were weary because Saul made
    an oath not to eat food until the evening. v.
    24-26
  • Jonathan didnt know about this oath and ate. v.
    27
  • At Jonathans word, the people ate the spoil…
    with blood. vss. 28-32
  • Saul stops his oath find out Jonathan caused
    this sin. v. 33-43
  • The people argue against Saul and for Jonathan.
    v. 45

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Saul and the Philistines
(1 Sam. 14)
11
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Constant warring with enemies. 1447-52
  • Saul commanded to fight against Amalekites
  • Because of what Amalek did to Israel while in the
    wilderness. Dt. 2517-19
  • He spares Agag and the best of the clean
    livestock (against Gods command).
  • Samuel (vss. 10-23) Because you have rejected
    the word of the Lord, He has also rejected you
    from being king. v. 23

Reference 1 Samuel 8-15 Saul sins by sparing
Agag (1 Sam. 15)
12
(No Transcript)
13
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • David (secretly) anointed as next king over
    Israel
  • Saul rejected Samuel to anoint next king. v. 1
  • Samuel is afraid of Saul. v. 2
  • God tells Samuel to tell Saul he is going to
    sacrifice (take Jesse as one of his sons would be
    anointed)
  • Jesse and sons consecrated
  • Samuel, after looking at Eliab Surely the Lords
    anointed is before Him!
  • God man looks at the outward appearance, but the
    Lord looks at the heart.

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 David anointed next
king (1 Samuel 16)
14
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • David (secretly) anointed as next king over
    Israel
  • David was the last to come before Samuel before
    God said Arise, anoint him for this is the one!
    v. 12
  • Samuel takes the horn of oil and anoints David
    before his brothers.
  • v. 13 and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David
    from that day forward.
  • NOTE Saul still king

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 David anointed next
king (1 Samuel 16)
15
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • David and Goliath
  • Previously Israel had defeated the Philistines
    during Sauls reign (starting with Jonathan). cp.
    Ch. 14
  • After a while, another Philistine came and
    challenged Israel Goliath
  • Goliath Choose a man for yourselves, and let him
    come down to me. If he is able to fight with me
    and kill me, then we will be your servants. But
    if I prevail against him and kill him, then you
    shall be our servants and serve us. vss. 8-9

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 David and Goliath (1
Samuel 17)
16
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • David and Goliath
  • Saul Israel is afraid. v. 11
  • David sent to his brothers with provisions
  • Asks what would be done to the one who kills
    Goliath
  • People respond riches/ Sauls daughter (Michal)
    in marriage
  • Eliab rebukes David
  • Saul sends for David
  • Saul sees the battle only through the eyes of
    flesh. v. 33
  • David assures victory for Israel. vss. 34-37

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 David and Goliath (1
Samuel 17)
17
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • David and Goliath
  • David, unable to use armor, carries a staff, five
    smooth stones, and a sling.
  • Goliath Am I a dog, that you come to me with
    sticks? v. 43
  • You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and
    with a javelin. But I come to you in the name of
    the Lord who does not save with sword and
    spear for the battle is the Lords, and He will
    give you into our hands. vss. 45-47
  • Goliath killed with a stone.

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 David and Goliath (1
Samuel 17)
18
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids life sought by Saul (ch. 18)
  • NOTE Jonathan and David (both faithful to God)
    became instant friends. v. 1
  • Saul sets David over the men of war. v. 5
  • After coming back from battle the women Saul
    has slain his thousands, and David his ten
    thousands.
  • Saul angry at those words and became jealous of
    David. vss. 8-9

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids life sought
by Saul (1 Sam. 18-23)
19
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids life sought by Saul (ch. 18)
  • Distressing spirit comes upon Saul. v. 10
  • David would play music to soothe Saul.
  • Saul, however, sought Davids life. v. 11
  • When he knew the Lord was with him (v. 12) he
    demoted David to being a captain over a thousand
    men. v. 13
  • David continued to behave wisely. v. 5, 15-16
  • He used the Philistines and his daughters to have
    David killed. vss. 17-27

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids life sought
by Saul (1 Sam. 18-23)
20
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids life sought by Saul (ch. 19)
  • Saul charges Jonathan and his servants to kill
    David. vss. 1-3
  • Jonathan speaks kindly about David vss. 4-6
  • Reminds Saul when David killed Goliath how David
    did good for the king.
  • Saul heeds Jonathans advice.
  • Saul distressed again David soothes Saul again
    Saul tries to kill David… again! vss. 9-10

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids life sought
by Saul (1 Sam. 18-23)
21
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids life sought by Saul (ch. 20-22)
  • Saul determined to kill David.
  • Jonathan makes a covenant with David.
  • David flees and on the run from Saul.
  • Saul kills Ahimelech (priest in Nob, who gave
    David the show-bread). NOTE his servants refused
    to kill the priest, and had Doeg (vassal from
    Edom) kill them. 2218f

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids life sought
by Saul (1 Sam. 18-23)
22
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids life sought by Saul (ch. 23)
  • Saul continued to have people attempt to
    surrender him.
  • Jonathan encourages David.
  • David flees to a desolate mountain nearly
    capturing David before a messenger of Saul
    informed him of a Philistine raid. They called
    the place Rock of Escape.

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids life sought
by Saul (1 Sam. 18-23)
23
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • NOTE After returning from battling the
    Philistines Saul sought David again.
  • David spares Sauls life
  • First time in a cave cut off a piece of Sauls
    robe while he was relieving himself (24)
  • Second time David took Sauls spear and jug of
    water while he slept in the midst of the camp
    (26)
  • David flees to the Philistines

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids life sought
by Saul (1 Sam. 24-26)
24
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Saul dies in battle.
  • Israel and Philistines at war with each other.
  • His three sons killed.
  • His is fatally wounded
  • Asks his armor-bearer to kill him (he refuses).
  • An Amalekite says that he killed Saul (upon the
    kings request). David has the Amalekite killed.
    2 Sam. 11-16
  • David mourns for Saul. 2 Sam. 117-27

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 David mourns for
Saul (1 Sam. 31ff)
25
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Transition from Sauls kingdom to Davids
  • Judah makes David king over them. 2 Sam. 24
  • Abner (Sauls commander) makes Ishbosheth (Sauls
    son) king over Israel.
  • Ishbosheth would be made a puppet king ruling
    Israel from the East side of Jordan! v. 8
  • David rules over Judah for 7 ½ years while
    Ishbosheth ruled over Israel for two of those
    years. vss. 10-11

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids house grows
stronger (2 Sam. 2)
26
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • A Contest held between Abner and Joabs men.
  • 12 from each army battle with Joabs men
    victorious a sign of the changing of the guard.
    2 Sam. 212-17
  • Joab, Abishai, and Asahel (fleet of foot…killed
    by Abner) pursue Abner.
  • Abner and Joab eventually stop fighting against
    each other, but the house of Judah and Israel
    were in a long war with each other. 31

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids house grows
stronger (2 Sam. 2-3)
27
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids house grows stronger Sauls weaker
  • War continuing between Saul and Davids house.
    Vss. 1, 6
  • Abner tries to strengthen himself in Sauls house
    (to become king over Israel?). V. 6
  • Ishbosheth rebukes Abner. V. 7
  • Abner leaves Sauls house. vss. 8-11
  • Abner makes a covenant with David to be over all
    Israel. Vss. 12-21

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids house grows
stronger (2 Sam. 3)
28
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids rule as king
  • Becomes king. 2 Sam. 51
  • Captures Jerusalem. 2 Sam. 56ff
  • Took more concubines.
  • Sons born here. Vss. 14-16
  • Ark brought to Jerusalem. Ch. 6
  • Davids victories over other nations
    (Philistines, Ammon, Moab, Edom, etc.) . Ch. 8-10

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids rule (2 Sam.
5-10)
29
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids Sin and consequences
  • David and Bathsheba. Ch. 11
  • Sees Bathsheba naked and desires her. Vss. 2-5
  • Commits adultery with her.
  • Has Uriah (her husband) killed. Vss. 6-21
  • Nathan confronts David. Ch. 12
  • The Lord sends Nathan to David.
  • David I have sinned against the Lord. Nathan
    The Lord has taken away your sin. Vss. 12-13

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids sin (2 Sam.
11-12)
30
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Fighting/consequences in the house of David
  • His son (born by Bathsheba) was taken by the
    Lord. 2 Sam. 1214-23
  • Amnon forcefully sleeps with Tamar (Absaloms
    sister) Absalom murders Amnon. Ch. 13
  • Absalom Ch. 13-15
  • Flees to Geshur. Ch. 13
  • Returns to Jerusalem. Ch. 14
  • Conspires against David. Ch. 15

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 in-fighting (2 Sam.
13-15)
31
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • David and the Gibeonites
  • Remember, the Israelites (Josh. 915-21) made a
    covenant with the Gibeonites.
  • Famine result of Saul killing the Gibeonites
    (reason not recorded). V. 1
  • David makes restitution by asking the Gibeonites
    what they wish 7 men of Saul. Vss. 5-7

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 David and the
Gibeonites (2 Sam. 21)
32
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Davids reign comes to an end
  • Adonijah makes himself king. 1 Kings 11-10
  • David makes Solomon king.
  • Bathsheba/Nathan speak to David about Adonijah.
  • Before he dies he instructions Solomon. V. 2-9
  • David dies. V. 10

Reference 1 Sam 162 Sam 23 Davids reign ends
(1 Kings 1)
33
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Solomon made King
  • David encourages Solomon.
  • Show yourself a man.
  • Keep the Lords commandments
  • Remember Joab (v. 5-7) and Shimei (vss. 8-9) and
    for them not to go to Sheol (the grave) in peace.
    2 Sam. 327 2 Sam. 209-10/2 Sam. 165-8
  • Show kindness to Barzillai. Cp. 2 Sam. 1931-38
  • David dies and Solomon reigns

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Solomon made king (1
Kings 2)
34
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Solomon asks for wisdom
  • Solomon loved the Lord, except that he worshipped
    at the high places, including Gibeon, where he
    offered 1,000 burnt offerings on that altar. Vss.
    2-3
  • At Gibeon God appeared to Solomon in a dream and
    asked what he wished God would give to him. V. 5
  • Solomon praises God speaks of his difficult
    ability to judge Israel… asks for wisdom. Vss.
    6-9
  • God is pleased. Vss. 10-15

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Solomon asks for wisdom
(1 Kings 3)
35
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Solomon uses his wisdom to judge two women
  • Two harlots went before Solomon to argue
    guardianship of a child. Vss. 16-22
  • Solomon Get me a sword. Divide the living child
    in two.
  • The (real) mother begged that the king would not
    kill the child, but that he be given to the other
    woman.
  • Solomon gave the child to her.
  • The people feared Solomon for they saw his great
    wisdom. v. 28

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Solomon asks for wisdom
(1 Kings 3)
36
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Solomons officials great wealth. Ch. 4
  • Laborers for the temple (Ch. 5)
  • Barters with Hiram (king of Tyre) trees from
    Lebanon for food. vss. 1-12
  • Made forced laborers (30,000) 10,000/month (1
    month on 2 months rest) 70,000 transporters
    80,000 hewers of stone, 3,300 to oversee the
    work. vss. 13-18

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Temple built (1 Kings 5-6)
37
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Temple Built (Ch. 6)
  • 480th year since leaving Egypt/4th year of
    Solomon temple building started. v. 1
  • 60 cubits (90 ft.) long 20 cubits (30 ft.) wide
    30 cubits (45 ft.) high. v. 2
  • Temple built at a quarry (no tool heard at the
    house of the Lord. V. 7
  • Took seven years to build. vss. 37-38
  • NOTE Hiram (Father from Tyre mother from
    Naphtali) work in the temple. 813-51

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Temple built (1 Kings 5-6)
38
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Solomon builds his palace. (Ch. 7)
  • Ark brought to the temple (Ch. 8)
  • Brought from the city of David (Zion) a
    different area of the city to the newly built
    temple. v. 1-11
  • Solomon addresses the people gives a history of
    how the temple came into being (Davids desire).
    vss. 12-21
  • Prayer made. vss. 22-61
  • Dedication (sacrifices). vss. 62-66

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Ark brought to the temple
(1 Kings 8)
39
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Queen of Sheba visits Solomon
  • She came to test Solomons wisdom. V. 1
  • Solomon answered all her questions. V. 3
  • There was no more spirit in her. V. 5
  • Queen the half was not told me. You exceed in
    wisdom and prosperity the report which I heard.
    V. 7
  • NOTE This story, along with other information in
    this text showed the great glory God gave to
    Solomon (known throughout the world)

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Queen of Sheba visits
Solomon (1 Kings 10)
40
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Solomons downfall
  • His wives he loved many foreign women, which the
    Lord said not to associate with (because they
    would turn their hearts away from Him). Vss.
    1-13
  • His enemies
  • Hadad (Edom). Vss. 14-25
  • Jeroboam (Ephraim) rebelled against Solomon.
    Vss. 26-40
  • His death

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Solomons downfall (1
Kings 11)
41
1 Samuel 8 1 Kings 11
D. Kingdom
United Kingdom
Judges
  • Saul
  • David
  • Solomon
  • Solomons downfall typifies the downfall of
    Israel…leading to the Divided Kingdom
  • Solomon. 1 Ki. 15-11
  • Jeroboam (Solomons servant)
  • 10 pieces of a torn cloak of the prophet Ahijah
    given to him.
  • 1 piece given for Solomon on behalf of David.
  • Reason (they have forsaken Me). v. 33

Reference 1 Kings 2-11 Solomons downfall (1
Kings 11)
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