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The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David

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Title: The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David


1
The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David
  • Review Lesson 14 A Man After Gods Own Heart
  • For whatever things were written before were
    written for our learning, that we through the
    patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have
    hope. (Romans 154)
  • Now all these things happened to them as
    examples, and they were written for our
    admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have
    come. (I Corinthians 1011)

2
Introduction
The Land Promise Was Made by God Ge. 121-3
DT. 344
The Land Promise Was Fulfilled by God Jos.
1123 2143-45 231-4.
The period of Judges transitions to kingly rule.
Remember The Old Testament is not in
chronological order.
3
Lesson 1 - Introduction The Birth of Samuel I
Sm. 1 - 211
  • What vow did Hannah make to God (I Sm. 111 Num.
    61-21)?
  • Give her child to God
  • How did Hannah view her vow to God (I Sm. 128)?
  • Everything we have is on-loan from God including
    our children. She loan him back to God for life.
  • How would you summarize the period of the Judges?
  • Everyone did what was right in their own eyes.
    (Jud. 176)
  • What does the name Samuel mean (I Sm. 120)?
  • Ask of God, Heard by God

4
Lesson 1 - Introduction The Birth of Samuel I
Sm. 1 - 211
  • Lesson to Learn A vow or promise made to God is
    serious and must be kept (Hb. 1026-31 Rm.
    617-18 Ps. 651 Pr. 2025 Eccl. 54-5).
  • A vow is a promised deed. Samson broke his vow
    and suffered consequences (Jud. 13-15).
  • A commitment/vow is a serious (Pr. 2025 Eccl.
    54-5)

5
Lesson 2 Children of Success and Failure I Sm.
211 - 422
  • How corrupt was the worship service to God (I Sm.
    212-17, 22)?
  • Sacrifices were corrupted and abhorred. Elis
    sons lay with women. Protests were ignored and
    treated with violence. The word of the Lord was
    rare (212 31).
  • How did Samuel respond to his calling by God (I
    Sm. 31-10)?
  • He responded the 3rd time. He did not know he was
    to be a prophet (37).
  • What happened to Eli's house (I Sm. 411-18)?
  • Eli fell and broke his neck upon hearing the news
    that his sons were killed. He served as a judge
    (12) for 40 years.

6
Lesson 2 Children of Success and Failure I Sm.
211 - 422
  • Lesson to Learn Parents and children are
    responsible and accountable for discipline and
    obedience (Ep. 61-4 Hb. 129-11 Pr. 1324
    2915).
  • Parents are responsible, not the church/schools,
    for training and discipline of children.
  • Children are responsible to obey, honor and
    respect parents.
  • Gods ways collide with modern psychology.
  • Ability Opportunity Responsibility
    Accountability
  • Lesson to Learn Good children can result from
    dysfunctional families (I Sm. 20 Ge. 37 II Tm.
    15).
  • Jonathan and the family of Saul, Joseph and his
    brothers, Timothy and his grandmother, Samuel and
    Eli

7
Lesson 3 God Versus Dagon I Sm. 51 - 717
  • Why did God kill 50,070 at Beth Shemesh (I Sm.
    619)?
  • Rejoicing and sacrifice turns into punishment and
    destruction. They looked into the ark (619). Who
    is able to stand before God? (620-71) Not
    Israel, or the Philistine gods.
  • What happened to Dagon, which was next to the ark
    of God (I Sm. 51-5)?
  • 1st he fell down on his face before the ark. 2nd
    his heads and hands were broken. Is God or Dagon
    greater? God is and Dagon failed the test.
  • Where did the Ark of the Covenant start and
    finish it's journey (I Sm. 44, 1 51, 8, 10
    613 72)?
  • Shiloh, Ebenezer, Ashdod, Gath, Ekron, Beth
    Shemesh, Kirjath Jerim (20 years 72).
  • What does Ebenezer mean (I Sm. 712)?
  • The stone of help is a memorial.

8
Lesson 3 God Versus Dagon I Sm. 51 - 717
  • Lesson to Learn Uncontrolled curiosity can
    destroy "religious" people (Mt. 527-28 721-23
    I Pt. 41-4 I Co. 1533 Eccl. 21-11).
  • Curiosity of religious ideas/doctrines, sex,
    alcohol, drugs, gambling, dancing, parties, etc.,
    can lead to disease, death, pregnancy, etc. (Ro.
    127) Curiosity killed the cat!
  • Peer-pressure, associations and social acceptance
    may be root causes.
  • Learn from the failed experiments of the past
    Eccl. 21-11

9
Lesson 4 Give Us a King! I Sm. 8 - 927
  • How did the people express their dissatisfaction
    to Samuel? What was the real motive of Israel's
    demand for a king? (I Sm. 84-5, 8 Ps. 1188-9
    Jud. 822-24)
  • Israel provided three reasons Samuels age,
    wicked sons, and to be like the other nations.
    Real Motive Be like the other nations. It was
    self-will. (Ps. 1188-9)
  • How was Israel influenced by the nations around
    them? (I Sm. 85, 8 Jud. 21-6)
  • Israel imitated others by worshipping idols, and
    their government.
  • What are the troubles and labors of a king? (I
    Sm. 810-18)
  • Sons will be enlisted to serve in the military.
    Military leaders will be appointed. Daughters
    will be enlisted to serve as cooks. Servants
    will be taken. Taxes will be collected.
  • Briefly describe the family, appearance and
    character of Saul. (I Sm. 91-2, 21 1023-24
    1313 1519)
  • Tribe of Benjamin. Sauls was handsome, tall and
    young. Sauls character appeared as humble (921
    1022 1313).

10
Lesson 4 Give Us a King! I Sm. 8 - 927
  • Lesson to Learn Self-will is when we want to do
    something regardless of God's warnings and
    instructions. (Jh. 113 Ga. 520 II Pt. 21
    Ac. 155 I Co. 1119 II Th. 17-9)
  • The battle of the wills God and man.
  • Heresy is a strong self-willed opinion (Vines).
    A heresy causes divisions and leads to false
    doctrine.
  • Our real motives will be reflected in our words
    and deeds.

11
Lesson 5 Saul Sacrifices His Kingdom I Sm. 10
- 1315
  • How did Saul and the people react to the
    proclamation of Saul being the chosen king (I Sm.
    1017-27)?
  • Saul hid himself. His humility turns to pride.
    People recognized his physical appearance. They
    made a final decision and agreed to the
    arrangement, but not all the people.
  • What did Saul do wrong (I Sm. 138-14)?
  • Saul did not keep the commandment. He usurped
    authority by offering a sacrifice.
  • Sauls 3 excuses People scattered, Samuel did
    not come, and the Philistines gathered.

12
Lesson 5 Saul Sacrifices His Kingdom I Sm. 10
- 1315
  • Lesson To Learn God seeks people after His own
    heart. (Ac. 1322 Jm. 47-10 Ro. 323 101-4,
    9-10 Ga. 61-5 Jm. 519-20)
  • A person after Gods own heart will obey His will
    (Ac. 1322). God demands humble and pure hearts.
  • Even though all have sinned, the difference is
    Godly sorrow and repentance (II Co. 710). We
    must confess our sins and admit wrong.
  • We must care for others and not exhibit
    self-righteousness.
  • Being converted means turning/repenting from sin.
    Sin must be covered by the blood of Jesus
    sacrifice.

13
Lesson 6 Sauls Sin and Rebellion I Sm. 1316 -
1535
  • What was the instruction of the Lord regarding
    the Amalekites (I Sm. 151-5 Ex. 178-16)?
  • Gods decree was to utterly destroy the
    Amalekites (153)
  • Describe Samuel's rebuke to Saul (I Sm.
    1514-23).
  • to obey is better than sacrifice (1522) and
    rebellion is as sinand stubbornness is as
    iniquity (1523)
  • How long did the conflict with the Philistines
    last (I Sm. 1447-52)?
  • War existed all the days of Saul (1447, 52).
  • How did Saul respond to Samuel's rebuke (I Sm.
    1524-31)?
  • I have obeyedand utterly destroyed them (1520)

14
Lesson 6 Sauls Sin and Rebellion I Sm. 1316 -
1535
  • Lesson To Learn Sacrifice must never be
    offered when a duty has been overlooked. (Mt.
    523-24 2531-46 Ro. 121-2 Ps. 401-8 Is.
    4218-25 Jm. 210-13 417)
  • Neglecting our duties is sin! We have duties
    such as
  • Resolving problems with brothers and sisters.
  • Taking care of sick, prison, and the hungry.
  • We must obey ALL of Gods instructions.
  • If we know what we must do and we do not do it
    then it is sin!

15
Lesson 7 David's Anointment and Valor I Sm.
161 - 1758
  • What is a "distressing spirit" which God gave
    Saul and how was it soothed (I Sm. 1614-23)?
  • A distressing spirit evil, adversity,
    affliction, calamity, grief, pessimistic not
    optimistic. It was terrifying, troublesome and
    stressful.
  • Davids harp provided temporary relief. Music
    replaced prayer and repentance (1623).
  • What weapons did David use to fight the
    Philistine (I Sm. 1738-40)?
  • David selected 5 smooth stones for his sling. He
    did not use amour or common weapons (1740).
  • How does David and Saul compare?
  • David was after Gods heart, full of
    faith/humility, respected/loved the law, followed
    the spirit, humble to reproof, and spiritually
    relied upon God.
  • Saul was after mans heart, no respecter of
    God, proud/arrogant, refused to be led by the
    spirit, rebellious under correction, and
    independent/worldly minded.

16
Lesson 7 David's Anointment and Valor I Sm.
161 - 1758
  • Lesson To Learn We must trust in God and learn
    to use the weapons He has given us. (Ep. 610-18
    II Co. 103-6 Mt. 41-11 I Co. 1012-13)
  • We must use the sword of the spirit or Gods word
    as an offensive/defensive weapon along with
    proper protection.
  • We are fighting and battling everyday!
  • We must cast down arguments/errors against God.
  • Take heed, watch and pray. We must be on-guard
    against temptations from Satan.

17
Lesson 8 Saul's Envy and David's Deliverance
I Sm. 18 - 1924
  • How does Saul develop envy?
  • Saul was inclined and predisposed to envy (162).
    Womens song and David killing Goliah fueled his
    envious thoughts and actions.
  • How many times did Saul try to kill David and
    list the attempts? (I Sm. 1811, 13, 17, 20
    191 10, 11, 18)
  • Sauls tried to kill David more than 11 times.
  • Cast the spear 3 times, made David captain and
    sent him into battles, demanding the 100
    Philistine foreskins, sent messengers to kill him
    (3 times), set up an ambush, etc.

18
Lesson 8 Saul's Envy and David's Deliverance
I Sm. 18 - 1924
  • Lesson to Learn Envy is rottenness to the bones.
    (Pr. 1430 2317 241, 19 274 Eccl. 44
    Ps. 371, 7 4916 733, 17-20 Ga. 517-21, 26
    II Tm. 31-9 Jh. 1145-57 I Co. 134 33 II
    Co. 1220 Jm. 314-16 I Pt. 21)
  • Envy destroys us from within. It leads to other
    sins of the flesh (i.e. hate, division, murder,
    etc.).
  • Envious people are stressed, unhappy and
    miserable. Envy claims victims. Jesus was a
    victim of envy.
  • The remedy to envy is to love and pray for our
    enemies, walk in faith, be mature, content and
    humble.
  • Love does not envy (I Co. 134). Envy is
    carnal.
  • Get rid of anger, hatred and envy quickly
    dont let the sun go down on your wrath. (Ep.
    426)

19
Lesson 9 Jonathan and David's Loyalty I Sm.
20 - 2115
  • Describe the love between David and Jonathan (I
    Sm. 181-4 203, 17-18, 34, 41)?
  • They were knit together by love (181-4, 17),
    as their own soul and you will be missed,
    because your seat will be empty (2018).
  • What caused David and Jonathan to weep (I Sm.
    2041-42)?
  • Jonathan had feelings of hurt and anger over the
    discovery, attempted murder and deception
    (2034).
  • Why did David display insane behavior (I Sm.
    2111-15)?
  • To divert attention away from his military
    abilities.
  • Davids tactic (2013) He pretended to be
    insane (deception), like a mad dog (i.e. frothed
    at the mouth, naked/scrabbled door posts). It
    worked!

20
Lesson 9 Jonathan and David's Loyalty I Sm.
20 - 2115
  • Lesson To Learn We are to love others as our
    own souls. (Ga. 61-5 Ep. 528-33 I Co.
    1212-31 Mt. 2531-46 Lk. 1025-37 Ro. 123,
    9-21 Ep. 415-16)
  • We are to bear one anothers burdens. Example
    include a brother in sin, saving others, etc.).
  • Husbands are to love their own wives as their
    own bodies.
  • Christians have a duty to serve one another by
    visiting the sick, prison, feed hungry, etc.
  • Members of the church function like a human body.
  • We are to speak the truth in love and show our
    concern by edifying others.
  • We are to show the same compassion as Jesus and
    the good Samaritan.

21
Lesson 10 David - A Man Without a Country I
Sm. 22 - 2329
  • What was the message of Gad, the prophet (I Sm.
    225 II Sm. 188)?
  • Stop staying anywhere outside of Israel Do not
    stay in the stronghold depart, and go to the
    land of Judah.
  • Who was Deog (I Sm. 218 229-10, 18-19)? What
    did he do for Saul?
  • An Edomite, chief herdsman, belonged to Saul, and
    witnessed what happened at Nob. Deog reported
    events to Saul. He was a catalyst of evil
    (229-10).
  • Why did David leave his parents in Nob (I Sm.
    223-4, 22 Ps. 2710 Jh. 72-5 I Sm.
    1728-30)?
  • Davids family was not safe due to madman Saul.
  • How many men did David have (I Sm. 2313 222)?
    Where did these men come from?
  • 400 men grew to 600, David was made captain.
  • The men were a resort of discontents,
    disgruntled, bitter, and dissatisfied over
    society and misfortunes.

22
Lesson 10 David - A Man Without a Country I
Sm. 22 - 2329
  • Lesson to Learn God is still in control of a
    world seemly unpredictable, senseless, chaotic,
    confused, and full of madmen. (Ps. 110 Hb.
    55-9 Isa. 556-11 Ro. 1133-36 131-7 I Sm.
    230-36 312-18 411, 18 I Sm. 1314
    1528-29 II Pt. 31-13 Ph. 215)
  • We are to be blameless in a crooked and perverse
    generation.
  • Evidence of Gods control includes the Flood,
    Sodom, Creation, etc. God promises to judge and
    melt the earth.
  • Elis house was cut off as God promised. Saul
    was removed.
  • For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are
    your ways My ways says the Lord.
  • Jesus came as God willed, in spite of nations or
    people.

23
Lesson 11 David - Waiting on the Lord I Sm.
241 - 2544
  • What did David say to Saul (I Sm. 248-15)?
  • Addressed Saul with respect by calling him lord
    and father My lord the king! (249)
  • Name some losses of David (I Sm. 251, 44
    1918-24 2316-18 223).
  • Samuel, Jonathans last visit, Michal was given
    to another man, parents in Moab, family
    rejection, 600 men not feeling the same way
    toward Saul, on the run for doing right, and not
    ruling even though designated as the king.
  • What was David's attitude and intended actions (I
    Sm. 2513, 21-22, 30-31)?
  • David loses his cool and intends on killing Nabal
    and his males. Why? he Nabal has repaid me
    evil for good. (2521-22)
  • What happened to Nabal (I Sm. 2526-38)?
  • He is feasting like a king (drunk). Abigail
    reveals the truth when he is sober. He become
    like a stone (i.e. heart-attack?). He dies 10
    days later (The lord struck him).

24
Lesson 11 David - Waiting on the Lord I Sm.
241 - 2544
  • Lesson To Learn Principles of sovereignty,
    suffering and servant hood govern spiritual
    leadership. (Ro. 1217-21 131-7 Mt. 41-11
    Lk. 413 Ps. 7 Mt. 544 I Pt. 211-22
    412-19)
  • Gods sovereignty is shown in using His control
    over nature/natural things for His purpose. He is
    our judge! (Ro. 1219 131-7)
  • Our suffering changes and prepares us to be
    stronger. Overcoming temptation and adversity
    gives us experience and brings glory to God. It
    is unavoidable!
  • We are a servant of others, even our enemies. We
    must submit to physical and spiritual pains, not
    as an evil doer.
  • We make decisions based on these principles.

25
Lesson12 Rescue, Alliances and Witches I Sm.
26 - 2825
  • What did David do from his base operation in
    Ziklag (I Sm. 278-12281-2 3026-31)?
  • David attacked and utterly destroyed Israels
    enemies. Whenever David attacked the land, he
    left neither man nor woman alive, but took away
    the sheep, the oxen, the donkeys, the camels, and
    the apparel, (279)
  • What caused Saul to be so desperate in his
    attempt to inquire of the Lord (I Sm. 281-7
    291 2420 2625 I Chron. 1013-14 Jer.
    211-2)?
  • He was afraid - When Saul saw the army of the
    Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart
    trembled greatly. And when Saul inquired of the
    LORD, the LORD did not answer him, either by
    dreams or by Urim or by the prophets. (285-6)
  • What was the grave message Samuel said to Saul (I
    Sm. 2815-19)?
  • Samuel rebukes Saul and reminds him of his evil
    ways (i.e. Amalekites).

26
Lesson12 Rescue, Alliances and Witches I Sm.
26 - 2825
  • Lesson to Learn As long as a man is in lawful
    authority, he must be regarded with respect,
    regardless of his shortcomings. (Mt. 233 I Tm.
    21-2 Ro. 131-7 Ep. 65-9 Col. 322-41 Mt.
    2215-21 Ac. 529)
  • We must to obey God rather than man.
  • Our work must be without eyeservice.
  • We have a responsibility to obey laws and pay
    taxes. We are subject to governing authorities.
  • We are to pray for leaders, kings, authorities,
    etc.
  • We must respect master / bosses and employees /
    servants.
  • Jesus maintains His principles among Jewish
    leaders.

27
Lesson 13 Tragedy and Triumph I Sm. 29 -
3113 I Ch. 101-14
  • Why did Achish send David back to Ziklag (I Sm.
    291-5)?
  • The Philistine princes did not want David as a
    rear guard in case of flanking.
  • What trouble did David find at Ziklag (I Sm.
    301-6)?
  • Amalekites burned Ziklag, captured women, no one
    was killed, carried away captives, leaders, rich,
    poor, etc.
  • How did Saul and his sons die?
  • Sauls sons were killed (313). Saul was severely
    wounded by an arrow. Saul fell on his sword and
    killed himself suicide (305).

28
Lesson 13 Tragedy and Triumph I Sm. 29 -
3113 I Ch. 101-14
  • Lesson To Learn Escaping the pains of life
    through euthanasia, suicide, sex, drugs, etc.,
    are wrong. We must face triumph and tragedy in
    this life. (II Sm. 19 I Sm. 314 Job 121 II
    Co. 127-10 II Tm. 419 Mt. 2639 2733-34 I
    Pt. 221-25 Ph. 23-8 Re. 211-4 Hb. 927 Ga.
    519-21)
  • Jesus faced suffering and death on a cross, even
    though He had the power to stop the events.
  • We will all face death and judgment.
  • Murder and intoxication are sins of the flesh
    and those who practice sin -shall not inherit
    the kingdom of God.
  • Trophemus was left near unto death by Paul.
  • Paul faced infirmities and weakness.
  • Job endured the loss of everything and did not
    blame God.

29
Discussion Questions Final Thoughts
  • Lesson To Learn God's words and promises are
    absolutely reliable. (Hb. 613-20 Ep. 113-14
    Ro. 411,16 Josh. 2143-45 II Pt. 13-4)
  • Hope is the anchor of the soul.
  • Holy Spirit is our guarantee through Gods
    word.
  • The land of promise was given as God said.
  • Gods oath to Abraham and His oath to us are
    immutable and certain. David will be king!
  • We have exceeding great and precious promises.
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