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The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David

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... times (i.e. corrupt priesthood, anarchy, dysfunctional family, etc. ... Messianic Theme: The coming of the Messiah, the son of David. Discussion Questions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David


1
The Life and Times of Samuel, Saul, and David
  • Lesson 1 - Introduction The Birth of Samuel
  • I Sm. 1 - 211
  • For whatever things were written before were
    written for our learning, that we through the
    patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have
    hope. (Romans 154)
  • Now all these things happened to them as
    examples, and they were written for our
    admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have
    come. (I Corinthians 1011)

2
Samuel - Background
  • Review the timeline, Joshua, and Judges
  • Samuel was the 13th and final judge.
  • Summary of the Judges - Everyone did what was
    right in their own eyes. (Jud. 176)
  • Samuel was born in deplorable times (i.e. corrupt
    priesthood, anarchy, dysfunctional family, etc.).
  • Samuel bridged the gap between the judges and the
    monarchy (1100 1050 BC).
  • Key characters Eli, Samuel, Saul and David
  • Two National Leadership changes Eli-to-Samuel
    and Samuel-to-Saul/David
  • By Faith Samuel… (Hb. 1133)

3
Geography and Timelines
The Land Promise Was Made by God Ge. 121-3
DT. 344
The Land Promise Was Fulfilled by God Jos.
1123 2143-45 231-4.
Remember The Old Testament is not in
chronological order.
4
Introduction
  • Samuels parents were devout in worshipping God
    as evidenced by attending the annual feasts (Ex.
    2215-17 I Sm. 11-3)
  • Hannah
  • Greatly distressed by her barrenness and was
    ridiculed by Elkanahs other wife, Peninnah (1
    Sm. 14-11 Nu. 61-21)
  • Hannah poured out her heart in prayer and vowed
    to dedicate her child to God (1 Sm. 112-28)
  • God answered her prayer and she was thankful (1
    Sm. 21-10)
  • Hannah went to God in prayer about the problem,
    and God answered. She made a vow and was thankful.

5
Discussion Questions
  • What is the historical purpose and key spiritual
    lessons in I Samuel (I Sm. 1522 Hos. 1311 I
    Sm. 167 II Sm. 712)? What is the contribution
    to the messianic theme (I Sm. 210 II Sm. 712
    Mt. 219 2245 Ac. 16 324)?
  • Historical Purpose Reveal the divine origin of
    Davids dynasty and the role of prophets in
    transitions.
  • Key Spiritual Lessons Obedience is better than
    sacrifice or kingly rule (Saul and David
    comparison), and the Lord gives and can take
    away.
  • Messianic Theme The coming of the Messiah, the
    son of David.

6
Discussion Questions
  • Describe the conditions of Israel at the birth of
    Samuel (Jud. 2125 176 I Sm. 41-28 I Sm.
    41-28 I Sm. 212-17, 22).
  • Self-service means everyone did as they saw fit.
  • Corrupted priesthood (i.e. Eli was lazy, sons lay
    with women, sacrifices were corrupt)
  • Worship was neglected and dishonored
  • Servitude to Philistines (4-Rs)
  • Glory departed from Israel.
  • People abhorred offerings to God
  • Shiloh was a place of national worship

7
Discussion Questions
  • What did Elkanah do to demonstrate devotion to
    God (I Sm. 13-5 Ex. 2315-17)?
  • Obeyed the Law regarding annual feasts -
    Unleavened Bread, Harvest, and Ingathering (Dt.
    1217-18 1616)
  • Kept the Law each year regarding feasts and
    sacrifices.
  • Lesson to Learn 1 Favoritism leads to much harm
    and hatred (Ge. 374 2528 3031 Ac. 1034-35
    Jm. 21-9 Ga. 328).
  • God is no respecter of persons in nature, people,
    or family. It is sin! We must be like God.
  • Examples/Results Joseph, Jacob, and Rachel

8
Discussion Questions
  • Why was Hannah so distressed (I Sm. 16-10)?
  • She had no children. The Lord closed her womb.
    God controls life in the womb. She didnt blame
    God.
  • Other women Sarah, Rebeckah, Leah, Rachel,
    Manoahs wife (Samson), Mary, Elizabeth.
  • Silently suffered over bitter treatment by
    Peninnah.
  • Lesson to Learn 3 When in distress we need to
    rely on God, not ourselves (Jm. 43 I Pt. 57
    Ph. 46 Mt. 625-34).
  • Distress is a part of humanity.
  • Dont blame God. Blame Satan.
  • We must cast our cares on Jesus because He really
    does care!
  • Dont worry, be happy Be anxious in nothing.

9
Discussion Questions
  • What vow did Hannah make to God (I Sm. 111 Num.
    61-21)?
  • Give her child to God
  • Elkanah concerns (I Sm. 121)
  • Nazarite vow (Nu. 61-21)
  • Lesson to Learn 4 A vow or promise made to God
    is serious and must be kept (Hb. 1026-31 Rm.
    617-18 Ps. 651 Pr. 2025 Eccl. 54-5)
  • A vow is a promised deed. Samson broke his vow
    and suffered consequences (Jud. 13-15).
  • Our commitment to Jesus is a serious vow (Pr.
    2025 Eccl. 54-5)

10
Discussion Questions
  • How did Eli respond to Hannah's vow (I Sm. 19,
    12-18)?
  • Idle and sitting down. He seemed to be fat and
    lazy (I Sm. 418)
  • He misjudged her by accusing her of being drunk.
  • He realized she was really sincere and He relayed
    Gods answered prayer.
  • Lesson to Learn 2 Good people are often times
    misjudged by others, especially when others are
    idle (Mt. 71-6 Jh. 724 II Co. 1012 Mt.
    1119).
  • Due to a lack of information/facts we can
    misjudge others. We need to have a fact-finding
    spirit, not a fault-finding spirit.
  • Dont judge according to appearance. Jesus was
    misjudged.
  • Pharisees judged Samaritans as dogs (think of
    racism today).
  • We are not the standard to judge others. Use
    Gods law as the standard.

11
Discussion Questions
  • How did Hannah keep her vow (I Sm. 119-28)?
  • Weaned Samuel for about the first 2 years.
  • Followed through and gave up her only son.
  • How did Hannah view her vow to God (I Sm. 128)?
  • Everything we have is on-loan from God including
    our children.
  • She loan him back to God for life.
  • Lesson to Learn 5 Everyone raises children for
    the Lord or Satan (Ep. 61-4 I Tm. 34 18-11
    Tit. 16 II Tim. 15 314-15).
  • Children are not to be unruly, but in-control.
  • Parents are responsible to train, teach and
    discipline their own children.
  • Children are responsible for obeying their
    parents.
  • Timothy is a good example as a child and adult.
    Elis and his sons are bad examples.

12
Discussion Questions
  • What are some key lessons to learn from Hannah's
    prayer of thanksgiving (I Sm. 21-10)?
  • She went to God in prayer during sad or happy
    times.
  • It is an inspirational prayer for our
    consideration.
  • Prayer is an outgrowth of our experiences.
  • It is an expression of joy.
  • Expresses Israels past experience with God.
  • Focused on the character of God.
  • Looks into the future, not just past and present
    (210)
  • What does the name Samuel mean (I Sm. 120)?
  • Ask of God, Heard by God
  • His lifes work seems to indicate that he was a
    Levite (Nu. 151 1640 I Sm. 31-10)

13
Remember
God shows His grace by blessing us in the midst
of sorrow, suffering, and human weakness.
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