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United Kingdom Saul / David / Solomon

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The Prophets Elijah and Elisha Elisha ... God s people are to trust God and serve God with undivided loyalty. Israel s covenant breaking ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: United Kingdom Saul / David / Solomon


1
United Kingdom Saul / David / Solomon
922 B.C. Death of Solomon
  • Jeroboam
  • Northern Kingdom
  • 10 Tribes
  • ISRAEL
  • Rehoboam
  • Southern Kingdom
  • 2 Tribes
  • JUDAH

2
Solomons Errors (1K 11)
  • Intermarriage with foreigners
  • His wives turned away his heart after other gods
    his heart was not true to the LORD his God, as
    his father Davids!
  • He built a high place for worshipping other gods
    and the LORD was angry
  • Gods judgment since you have not kept my
    covenant, the kingdom will be torn from you, but
    not the entire kingdom because of Gods promise
    to David

3
JEROBOAMthe servant of Solomon
  • Receives a word of prophecy God is tearing the
    kingdom away from Solomon and you will be king
    over 10 tribes
  • Gods promise to Jeroboam if you will listen to
    my voice and walk in my ways, as David did, I
    will build you an enduing house, as I built for
    David
  • Solomon seeks his life he flees to Egypt then
    Solomon dies.

4
REHOBOAMthe son of Solomon
  • Jeroboam and the 10 tribes come with one request
    please lighten our load. Solomon has made our
    work too heavy!
  • Rehoboams reply My father beat you with whips
    I will scourge you with scorpions
  • REBELLION and DIVISION

5
The Divided Kingdom
  • NORTHERN KINGDOM ISRAEL
  • Lack of consistency due to no established dynasty
  • SOUTHERN KINGDOM JUDAH
  • Consistency due to Gods promise to build a
    Davidic dynasty

6
JEROBOAMfirst king of the north (922-901)
  • DAN AND BETHEL
  • Golden Calves
  • The Sin of Jeroboam

7
THE NORTHERN KINGDOM
  • Lots of instability and transition at first
  • Two dynasties Omri and Jehu
  • Omri Dynastygreat wealth and international trade
    (son Ahab married to Phoenician princess Jezebel)
  • The Elijah/Elisha revival and the overthrow of
    the Omri dynasty

8
WHAT IS A PROPHET???
  • Nabimouth, spokesperson for God
  • Use of messenger speech This is what the LORD
    has spoken
  • 1st person language these are the very words of
    Yahweh delivered through the mouth of the nabi

9
The Prophets Elijah and Elisha
  • Elijah speaking truth to power
  • 3 year famine in the land (17)
  • Battle with Baal on Mt. Carmel (18)
  • Running for his life (19) the threat of Jezebel
    I alone am left There are 7,000 more who
    belong to Yahweh!

10
The Prophets Elijah and Elisha
  • Elisha carrier of life to the people
  • Miracles of bread and water
  • Healing the sick / raising the dead
  • Instigator of the revolution that overthrows the
    evil Omri dynasty, so that the dynasty of Jehu
    could be established.

11
THE JEHU DYNASTY
  • Jehu anointed by Elisha
  • Jehu wipes out the entire house of Omri in the
    massacre of the Valley of Jezreel
  • Jehu makes a solid attempt to destroy Baal
    worship in Israel
  • Evaluation 2 Kings 1030-31

12
THE JEHU DYNASTY
  • Jehu (apx. 30 yrs)
  • Joahaz (apx. 15 years)
  • Joash (apx. 15 years)
  • Jeroboam 2 (apx. 40 years)

13
Jeroboam IIa lengthy peaceful period
  • Prosperity and wealth of the upper 2 (those in
    power)
  • Height of nationalismworship of the LORD was
    intertwined with a self-secure nationalism
  • Dominant worship of Baal

14
The end of the Northern Kingdom
  • The Rise of Assyria as a world power under King
    Tiglath-pileser III
  • Israel becomes a vassal to Assyria
  • Syro-Ephraimite war (Syria Israel ally against
    Judah Judah seeks help from Assyria Assyria
    brings an end to Israel under Sargon II in 721
    B.C.

15
MEANWHILEDOWN IN THE SOUTH
  • King Uzziah (during time of Jeroboam 2 in the
    north)similar great prosperity and territory
    expansion
  • In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the LORD
    (one in charge) sitting on a throne, high and
    exaltedmy eyes have seen the king, Yahweh of
    hosts! (Isaiah 6)

16
The Southern Kingdom of Judah
  • King Hezekiah did what was right in the sight
    of GodI Kings 18-20
  • Religious renewal
  • Removal of the high places of Baal worship
  • Allied with Babylon and Egypt against Assyria
    led to siege of Jerusalem, but God delivered the
    city

17
The Southern Kingdom of Judah
  • King Manassehreigned for 55 yearsManasseh
    misled the people to do more evil than the
    nations had done that the LORD drove out before
    the Israelites
  • King Josiahmassive spiritual reform included
    the discovery of the Torah of Mosesled to a
    great revival

18
597 B.C. first deportation 587 B.C.
destruction of Jerusalem
  • The southern kingdom of Judah comes to an end as
    the capital Jerusalem is finally overtaken and
    most of the people are taken into captivity in
    Babylon EXILE

19
Theological Themes from 1-2 Kings
  • Its great to start well, but what matters most
    is that one finish well.
  • Gods people are to trust God and serve God with
    undivided loyalty.
  • Israels covenant breaking (going after other
    gods) results in loss of political and religious
    freedom.

20
Theological Themes from 1-2 Kings
  • When God brings judgment on the people of Israel,
    it is a fulfillment of the covenant, which
    promises blessings for obedience, but judgment
    for rebellion.
  • Even though Gods people have brought this
    judgment on themselves, there is a future for
    Gods people, because God is gracious, merciful,
    and compassionate.

21
Assignments
  • Mini-Exam Oct 25 (MWF), 26 (TR)
  • (Chapters 7-9, Former Prophets)
  • (50 points, No Portfolio Due)

22
Philistines Shiloh Samuel Messiah Saul David Jonat
han Mount Gilboa Hebron City of David Jerusalem
Davidic covenant Zion theology Solomon Royal
theology Jeroboam Rehoboam Tiglath-Pileser
III Syro-Ephraimite war Sennacherib Jeroboam
II Hezekiah
Ahab Dan Bethel Elijah Elisha Uzziah Omri Samaria
Ahaz Josiah Zedekiah
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