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INTRODUCTION: Just one thing- Jack Palance, Billy ... Is there just one thing that pulls it all together? ... Theonomy tends to overemphasize similarities ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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STRUCTURE Just One Thing
  • INTRODUCTION Just one thing- Jack Palance, Billy
    Krystal in City Slickers
  • The meaning of life, summarized in just one
    thing? What about the Christian faith? Is there
    just one thing that pulls it all together? Is
    there anything that makes the Bible fit from
    Genesis to Revelation?

  • A Garden, Gen. 215
  • A Tree of Life for our parents, Gen. 29
  • Greater and Lesser Lights, Gen. 116
  • Presence of God in cool of evening, Gen. 38
  • Perfect Creation, Gen. 131
  • A City, Rev. 212
  • A Tree of Life for the healing of all nations,
    Rev. 222
  • The Lord is the Light, Rev. 225
  • Dwelling of God is with men, Rev. 213
  • Perfect re-creation, Rev. 211

STRUCTURE Centrality of Christ
  • Gen. 315- the seed of the woman to bring about
    the destruction of Satan
  • Isa. 714, the virgin-born Immanuel
  • Matt. 122,23, the fulfillment, the Immanuel
    born to Mary
  • John 114, the Word became flesh, tabernacled
    among us
  • Matt. 2628, Luke 2220, the new covenant in my
    (Jesus) blood

STRUCTURE The Covenant Formula
  • Lev. 269-13a, I will look on you with favor and
    make you fruitful and increase your numbers, and
    I will keep my covenant with you. You will still
    be eating last years harvest when you will have
    to move it out to make room for the new. I will
    put my dwelling place among you, and I will not
    abhor you. I will walk among you and be your
    God, and you will be my people. I am the Lord
    your God, who brought you out of Egypt so that
    you would no longer be slaves to the Egyptians

STRUCTURE ANE Treaty Pattern
  • Preamble
  • Historical Prologue
  • Stipulations
  • Blessings, Curses, Ratification
  • Succession
  • This is the pattern found in the Book of
    Deuteronomy, as noted in the work of Mendenhall
    and Kline (2d millennium B.C. treaty patterns)

STRUCTURE Covenant with Adam
  • Gen. 215, the Lord God took the man and put him
    in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of
  • Gen. 38, the Lord God as he was walking in the
    garden in the cool of the day
  • Elements of this covenant
  • Gracious- creation not required was free act of
  • Relationship- meet in garden in evening,
  • Responsibilities- covenant fulfillment, tend
    garden (no great burden)
  • Promises- life (tree of life)
  • Warning- covenant breaking leads to death

STRUCTURE Covenant with Adam
  • According to Hosea 67, this was a covenant
  • Yet, when Adam broke covenant
  • God still sought after him
  • God provided means to make covenant breaker once
    again become covenant keeper, Gen 321
  • BUT- the principle is established that it is only
    when the innocent takes the place of the guilty
    that the covenant can be restored

STRUCTURE Covenant w/Abraham
  • From the individualism of Adams children to a
    family and tribe With Abraham and his seed-
    everlasting covenant/covenant sign
  • Promise of Seed who would be a blessing to all
  • basis of Great Commission
  • Gal. 37, all who believe- are children of
  • Promise of land, an inheritance for his people
    (Rom. 413) heir of world

STRUCTURE Covenant w/Abraham
  • Covenant is established by God Gen 1512-21
  • Covenant is bilateral involves mutua obligatio
  • Promise (I will be your God)
  • Obligation (you will be my people)
  • Gen. 177, I will establish my covenant as an
    everlasting covenant between me and you and your
  • Gen. 179, you must keep my covenant
  • Gen. 1714, any uncircumcised male . . . will be
    cut off
  • Gen. 1819, I have chosen him, so that he will
    direct his children and his household after him
    to keep the way of the Lord by doing what is
    right and just, so that the Lord will bring about
    for Abraham what he has promised him

STRUCTURE Covenant w/Moses
  • Deut. 52ff, The Lord our God made a covenant
    with us at Horeb
  • From a tribe to a nation, a kingdom of priests
    and a holy nation Ex. 196 (Cf. I Peter 25,9)
  • Moses the mediator of the old covenant
  • He establishes the covenant code (Ex. 20, Deut.
  • He leads redemptive journey from Egypt through
    baptismal waters of Red Sea to promised land
  • Israel becomes God's treasured possession- his
    own dear children, Deut. 76
  • Tent of Meeting- dwelling presence of God (God
    with us) but only through Mediator, Ex. 337ff

STRUCTURE Covenant w/Moses
  • This covenant was not in opposition to the
    Abrahamic covenant
  • The law did not set aside the Abrahamic covenant,
    Gal. 317
  • The Mosaic covenant was one of the covenants
    (plural) of promise, Eph. 212
  • The law is not opposed to the promises of God-
    and was never intended to be the means by which
    righteousness comes, Gal. 321
  • The obligation to keep the commandments comes
    only after the redemptive prologue, Ex. 202,
    Deut. 56

STRUCTURE Covenant w/David
  • II Sam. 711, the Lord himself will establish a
    house for you 714, I will be his father and
    he will be my son. When he does wrong, I will
    punish him . . .
  • Psalm 8920-29, I will maintain my love to him
    forever and my covenant with him will never fail
    (vs. 28)
  • From a nation to a Kingdom
  • God promises a kingdom without end
  • God promised to establish a throne in
  • God promises to bring about this rule by his
  • God promised to establish a temple through
    Solomon- a place to meet with his people, II Sam

STRUCTURE New Covenant
  • Jer. 3131-3, The time is coming declares the
    Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the
    house of Israel and with the house of Judah. It
    will not be like the covenant I made with their
    forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead
    them out of Egypt, because they broke my
    covenant, though I was a husband to them,
    declares the Lord. This is the covenant I will
    make with the house of Israel after that time,
    declares the Lord. I will put my law in their
    minds and write it on their hearts. I will be
    their God and they will be my people.

STRUCTURE New Covenant
  • Eze. 3423ff, I will place over them one
    shepherd, my servant David, and he will tend
    them he will tend them and be their shepherd. I
    the Lord will be their God, and my servant David
    will be prince among them. I the Lord have
    spoken. I will make a covenant of peace with them
    . . .

STRUCTURE New Covenant
  • Eze. 3624-28, For I will take you out of the
    nations I will gather you from all the countries
    and bring you back into your own land. I will
    sprinkle clean water on you and you will be
    clean I will cleanse you from all your
    impurities and from all your idols. I will give
    you a new heart and put a new spirit in you I
    will remove from you your heart of stone and give
    you a heart of flesh . . .you will be my people
    and I will be your God.

STRUCTURE New Covenant
  • From an earthly kingdom to a kingdom of priests,
    Jer. 3321,22
  • God would write his law on the heart
  • All would come to know the Lord
  • None would need to be taught
  • Their sins will be forgiven

STRUCTURE New Covenant established by Christ
  • John 114, tabernacled among us
  • Matthew 123, Immanuel, God with us
  • Luke 2220, the new covenant in my blood
  • From a Nation to the church catholic
  • Jesus is the mediator of the new covenant
  • He establishes covenant code
  • New commandment, John 1334
  • After Transfiguration, Luke 930, his exodus
  • He leads redemptive journey from sin to promised

STRUCTURE New Covenant established by Christ
  • Jesus guarantees a better covenant, Heb. 722
  • Jesus has a permanent priesthood, Heb. 724
  • Jesus mediates a better covenant, Heb. 86, 915
  • Jesus makes the first covenant obsolete, Heb.
  • Jesus enters the perfect tabernacle, Heb. 911,24
  • Jesus offers one perfect sacrifice, Heb. 1010,14

STRUCTURE Old vs. New Covenant
  • Fulfillment
  • Reality
  • Once-for-all offering of Christ
  • Melchizedekan Priesthood
  • Eternal
  • Christ, the son, as Mediator
  • Anticipation
  • Types and Shadows
  • Blood of bulls and goats
  • Aaronic/Levitical Priesthood
  • Temporary
  • Moses, the servant, as Mediator

STRUCTURE Continuity?
  • Epochal shifts (from one covenant to next) are
  • There are similarities
  • There are differences
  • There is an underlying unity
  • Dispensationalism tends to overemphasize
  • Theonomy tends to overemphasize similarities
  • Old Testament teachings and requirements still
    applicable unless clearly stated otherwise
  • Cf. Col. 216,17 Rom. 145-8 Heb. 910

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