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Australian Geography


Title: Australian Geography Author: Susie Last modified by: Windows User Created Date: 2/22/2012 3:23:43 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Australian Geography

Australian Geography
  • Standards
  • SS6G12 The student will be able to locate
    selected features of Australia.
  • a. Locate on a world and regional
    political-physical map the Great Barrier Reef,
    Coral Sea, Ayers Rock, and Great Victoria Desert.
  • SS6G13 The student will explain the impact of
    location, climate, distribution of natural
    resources, and population distribution on
  • a. Describe how Australias location, climate,
    and natural resources have affected where people
  • b. Describe how Australias location, climate,
    and natural resources impact trade.
  • SS6G14 The student will describe the cultural
    characteristics of people who live in Australia.
  • a. Explain the impact of English colonization on
    the language and religion of Australia.
  • b. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the
    standard of living.

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Great Barrier Reef and the Coral Sea
  • The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest
    coral reef.
  • Coral reefs are made up of living organisms.
  • They exist in the ocean.
  • The Great Barrier Reef stretches over an area of
    almost 133,000 square miles.
  • It is so vast that it can be seen from outer
  • As the worlds largest living organism, the Great
    Barrier Reef has been labeled as one of the seven
    wonders of the world.
  • It lies in the Coral Sea, off the northeast coast
    of Australia.

Great Victorian Desert
  • The Great Victorian Desert is in southern
  • It is vast, barren region with many small lakes
    and grasslands.

Ayers Rock
  • Ayers Rock is a giant sandstone rock formation.
  • It lies in central Australia.
  • Ayers Rock has many waterholes, caves, and
  • The Aborigines believe Ayers Rock is sacred.

The Outback
  • Much of Australia is covered by the Australian
  • It is a dry region that covers most of
    Australias interior.
  • Temperatures in the Outback can be very hot.
  • There is very little rain.
  • Most of the soil is not good for farming.
  • Harsh conditions and the lack of fertile farmland
    mean that very few people live in the Outback.

  • Most Australians live in cities along Australias
    southeast coast.
  • This is largely because of the mild, temperate
    climate the region offers.
  • Due to rich mineral deposits, portions of
    northwest Australia are home to mining
  • Miners rely on these natural resources for
  • The interior of the continent is dominated by the

Trade and Resources
  • Australias geography impacts trade.
  • Because of its dry terrain and vast wilderness
    areas. Australia has historically had to import
    many of the agricultural products that it needs.
  • International trade has long been a critical part
    of Australias survival.
  • Since Australia is an island nation, it has to
    import most manufactured goods.

Trade and Resources Continued
  • Over the centuries, most Australians settled
    along the continents coast.
  • These settlements served as important harbors and
    some of them grew into bustling cities.
  • Towns also grew up further inland along
    Australias rivers.
  • They provide the continent with what fertile land
    it has.
  • Australia's rivers allow travel and permit inland
    farmers and businesses to ship products to the
  • Few Australians live in the Outback or other
    regions that offer very little water or access to

Australia's Culture
  • Australias culture is very much like that of
    Western Europe or the United States.
  • Many of the fashions, products, musical styles,
    movies, businesses, and leisure activities that
    exist throughout the western world can be found
    in Australia.

British Culture
  • Australia was once a British colony.
  • British culture has greatly shaped the modern
    culture of Australia.
  • English is the official language.
  • The government is modeled after the United
  • The king or queen of the United Kingdom still has
    symbolic role.
  • Most Australians who follow a religion claim to
    be Christian.
  • British missionaries introduced Christianity in
    the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

Aboriginal Culture
  • Aboriginal cultures still exist in Australia.
  • Aborigines are native Australians whose ancestors
    lived on the continent before Europeans arrived.
  • Many Aboriginal citizens have adopted western
    customs (fashion, work in urban areas, go to
    universities, and have similar lifestyles)
  • Other Aborigines live a more traditional
  • Many of the societies exist in the Outback, where
    the harsh climate and geography discourages
    Europeans from interfering with the native
    peoples way of life.

  • Australias literacy rate is very high.
  • Most Australians are well educated.
  • The literacy rate is lower among Aborigines.
  • Due to years of discrimination, there are still
    problems in the Aboriginal community, such as
    poverty, high rates of alcoholism, and lack of

Question 1
  • The largest living organism in the world is
  • The Aborigines
  • Ayers Rock
  • The Great Barrier Reef
  • Found in the Outback

Question 2
  • Malcolm lives in a heavily populated city. There
    is a good chance Malcolm lives in
  • The Great Victorian Desert
  • Southeast Australia
  • The Outback
  • Northwest Australia