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Chapter 1: Introduction, study of Geography and the power of Geography

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Title: Chapter 1: Introduction, study of Geography and the power of Geography


1
Chapter 1 Introduction, study of Geography and
the power of Geography

2
  • 01.01 Which of these would be considered a world
    region?
  • 1. Scandinavia
  • 2. Midwest
  • 3. Latin America
  • 4. Japan
  • 5. Micronesia

3
  • 01.01 Which of these would be considered a world
    region?
  • 1. Scandinavia
  • 2. Midwest
  • 3. Latin America
  • 4. Japan
  • 5. Micronesia
  • Explanation World regions are large-scale
    geographic divisions based in part on continental
    settings.

4
  • 01.02 This graph best illustrates which concept?
  • 1. space-time convergence
  • 2. friction of distance
  • 3. complementarity
  • 4. spatial diffusion
  • 5. intervening opportunity

5
  • 01.02 This graph best illustrates which concept?
  • 1. space-time convergence
  • 2. friction of distance
  • 3. complementarity
  • 4. spatial diffusion
  • 5. intervening opportunity
  • Explanation The friction of distance reflects
    the inhibiting effect of distance on human
    activity the farther people have to travel, the
    less likely they are to do so.

6
  • 01.03 The transferability of coal is greater in
    two places that are connected by rail than in two
    places connected by road. Why?
  • 1. coal cannot be shipped by road
  • 2. coal cannot be shipped by rail
  • 3. it is cheaper to move coal by rail than by
    road
  • 4. it is faster to ship coal by rail
  • 5. coal is not transferable

7
  • 01.03 The transferability of coal is greater in
    two places that are connected by rail than in two
    places connected by road. Why?
  • 1. coal cannot be shipped by road
  • 2. coal cannot be shipped by rail
  • 3. it is cheaper to move coal by rail than by
    road
  • 4. it is faster to ship coal by rail
  • 5. coal is not transferable
  • Explanation As a bulk cargo, coal is cheaper to
    ship by rail. Shipping coal by road would be too
    expensive to sell it successfully, diminishing
    its transferability.

8
  • 01.04 The branch of geography that is concerned
    with the way that unique combinations of
    environmental and human factors produce
    territories with distinctive landscapes and
    cultural attributes is known as
  • 1. physical geography
  • 2. human geography
  • 3. regional geography
  • 4. environmental geography
  • 5. cultural geography

9
  • 01.04 The branch of geography that is concerned
    with the way that unique combinations of
    environmental and human factors produce
    territories with distinctive landscapes and
    cultural attributes is known as
  • 1. physical geography
  • 2. human geography
  • 3. regional geography
  • 4. environmental geography
  • 5. cultural geography

10
  • 01.05 Irish nationalists in the early twentieth
    century saw landscapes such as this as
  • 1. ordinary landscapes
  • 2. symbolic landscapes
  • 3. physical landscapes
  • 4. derelict landscapes
  • 5. boring landscapes

11
  • 01.05 Irish nationalists in the early twentieth
    century saw landscapes such as this as
  • 1. ordinary landscapes
  • 2. symbolic landscapes
  • 3. physical landscapes
  • 4. derelict landscapes
  • 5. boring landscapes
  • Explanation Irish nationalists saw these
    landscapes as symbolic of Ireland because they
    contrasted with the more manicured landscapes of
    rural England.

12
  • 01.06 The hearth region of HIV (the virus that
    causes AIDS) is in which region?
  • 1. Southeast Asia
  • 2. Central Africa
  • 3. Russia
  • 4. South America
  • 5. United States

13
  • 01.06 The hearth region of HIV (the virus that
    causes AIDS) is in which region?
  • 1. Southeast Asia
  • 2. Central Africa
  • 3. Russia
  • 4. South America
  • 5. United States

14
  • 01.07 Which of these is a supranational
    organization?
  • 1. Royal Australian Navy
  • 2. World Wildlife Fund
  • 3. Sierra Club
  • 4. American Association of Retired Persons
  • 5. European Union

15
  • 01.07 Which of these is a supranational
    organization?
  • 1. Royal Australian Navy
  • 2. World Wildlife Fund
  • 3. Sierra Club
  • 4. American Association of Retired Persons
  • 5. European Union
  • Explanation A supranational organization is
    one, like the European Union, that is a
    collection of individual states with common
    economic or political goals.

16
  • 01.08 In economies of scale, when the volume of
    production increases, what happens to the price
    per unit?
  • 1. it increases
  • 2. it decreases
  • 3. there is no change in price
  • 4. all of the above
  • 5. none of the above

17
  • 01.08 In economies of scale, when the volume of
    production increases, what happens to the price
    per unit?
  • 1. it increases
  • 2. it decreases
  • 3. there is no change in price
  • 4. all of the above
  • 5. none of the above
  • Explanation High-volume production allows for
    specialization and division of labor, which can
    increase efficiency and therefore lower costs.

18
  • 01.09 If you were standing at 0 degrees
    latitude, where would you be?
  • 1. at the North Pole
  • 2. at the South Pole
  • 3. near Greenwich, England
  • 4. somewhere on the Equator
  • 5. somewhere in Australia

19
  • 01.09 If you were standing at 0 degrees
    latitude, where would you be?
  • 1. at the North Pole
  • 2. at the South Pole
  • 3. near Greenwich, England
  • 4. somewhere on the Equator
  • 5. somewhere in Australia

20
  • 01.10 Today, the highest rates of HIV/AIDS
    infection are in
  • 1. North Africa
  • 2. Southern Africa
  • 3. Southeast Asia
  • 4. North America
  • 5. Europe

21
  • 01.10 Today, the highest rates of HIV/AIDS
    infection are in
  • 1. North Africa
  • 2. Southern Africa
  • 3. Southeast Asia
  • 4. North America
  • 5. Europe
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