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The Five Themes of Geography

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Two ways we can tell what the location of a place is ... and settlements shape the Earth 5. Environment and Society people use the land for their advantage 6. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Five Themes of Geography


1
The Five Themes of Geography
Mrs. Dent World Regional Studies Honors 8/17/15
2
  • There are five important questions that we can
    ask to help organize information about places we
    study
  • What is the location of a place?
  • What is the character of the place?
  • How do people interact with the natural
    environment of a place?
  • How do people, goods, and ideas move between
    places?
  • How are places similar to and different from
    other places?

3
  • Location
  • What is the location of a place?
  • Every geographical feature has a unique
    locationits global address.
  • Two ways we can tell what the location of a place
    is
  • Absolute location the EXACT Latitude and
    Longitude
  • Relative location Expressing a location in
    relation to another site how its connected to
    other places

4
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5
Examples Absolute location Kansas City is
located at approximately 39 degrees North, 98
degrees West. Relative location Canada is
north of the United States. Describe the
location of Kansas.
6
  • Place What is the character (special and unique
    features) of the place? Described in 2 ways by
    either physical or cultural characteristics.
  • Physical Characteristics
  • Landforms/Bodies of Water/Processes that Shape
    the Landscape/Elevation
  • Climate
  • Soils
  • Natural Vegetation
  • Animal Life
  • Bodies of Water

7
US Physical Map
8
  • Cultural/Human Characteristics
  • Religion
  • Languages
  • Population Factors/Settlement
    Patterns
  • Economic Activities
  • Governments
  • Food/Clothing/Customs
  • Art/Literature/Media
  • Technology

9
Example Population Distribution and Density in
the United States
10
  • Human-Environment Interaction How do people
    interact with the natural environment of a place?
  • Changes can be deliberate or unplanned favorable
    or destructive.

11
The Hoover Dam (border between NV and AZ)
12
  • Movement How do people, goods, and ideas move
    between places?
  • Transportation
  • Communication
  • Trade

13
  • Regions How are places similar to and different
    from other places?
  • Q What is a region?
  • A A group of places bound together by one or
    more similar characteristics (patterns of
    physical features and/or of human development).
  • Fact There are three types of regions?

14
Formal Regions areas in which all the
population share a defining trait (ex. County,
state, country, etc. where boundaries are clear
cut on a map) Functional/Nodal Regions areas
which are characterized by a central focus on
some activity (ex. Metro areas w/ commuting,
trade, TV/radio, newspaper, shopping centers,
branches of business sports team fan base,
etc.) Vernacular Regions areas that exist in
the mind of a large number of people and may play
an important role in the cultural identity,
stereotypes (ex. the South, the Midwest, the
Bible Belt, New England, etc.)
15
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16
Acronym that will help you remember the Five
Themes of GeographyLUCKY PEOPLE HAVE MORE
RECESS! ?
L P H M R
OCATION
EGION
LACE
UMAN/ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
OVEMENT
17
6 Essential Elements in Geography
  • We use the 5 Themes of Geography to learn about
    each of the essential elements in geography.
  • 1. The Spatial World no place is alone and maps
    are used to study connects among people, places,
    and environments
  • 2. Places and Regions each area of the world
    has unique physical and human characteristics
    that affect how we perceive various areas

18
6 Essential Elements in Geography
  • 3. Physical Systems the physical aspects of
    our world shape how people are able to interact
    with it
  • 4. Human Systems peoples activities,
    movements, and settlements shape the Earth
  • 5. Environment and Society people use the land
    for their advantage
  • 6. Uses of Geography in Todays Society think
    spatially to understand relationship among
    people, places, and environments over time

19
  • 5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY PRACTICE!
  • This summer I went to Australia which is located
    in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • We wanted to travel through the outback,
  • But we stayed on the eastern shore of the
    continent instead.
  • One interesting thing I found is that the first
    inhabitants of Australia were actually criminals
    brought from Great Britain.
  • I was surprised to find out that contrary to
    popular belief, Australia is quite lush and green
    due to irrigation.
  • Most Australians looked and acted much like
    Americans. However, a small number of people are
    Aborigines who practice a very nomadic and
    traditional way of life.
  • After a month, we hopped back on an airplane
  • And headed back to Los Angeles which is located
    on the west coast of the United States.
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