Australian Geography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation

Australian Geography


Australian Geography ... climate, and natural resources have affected where ... SS6G14 The student will describe the cultural characteristics of people who live in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:141
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: Susi78


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Australian Geography

Australian Geography
  • Standards
  • SS6G12 The student will be able to locate
    selected features of Australia.
  • a. Locate on a world and regional
    political-physical map the Great Barrier Reef,
    Coral Sea, Ayers Rock, and Great Victoria Desert.
  • SS6G13 The student will explain the impact of
    location, climate, distribution of natural
    resources, and population distribution on
  • a. Describe how Australias location, climate,
    and natural resources have affected where people
  • b. Describe how Australias location, climate,
    and natural resources impact trade.
  • SS6G14 The student will describe the cultural
    characteristics of people who live in Australia.
  • a. Explain the impact of English colonization on
    the language and religion of Australia.
  • b. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the
    standard of living.

(No Transcript)
Great Barrier Reef and the Coral Sea
  • The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest
    coral reef.
  • Coral reefs are made up of living organisms.
  • They exist in the ocean.
  • The Great Barrier Reef stretches over an area of
    almost 133,000 square miles.
  • It is so vast that it can be seen from outer
  • As the worlds largest living organism, the Great
    Barrier Reef has been labeled as one of the seven
    wonders of the world.
  • It lies in the Coral Sea, off the northeast coast
    of Australia.

Great Victorian Desert
  • The Great Victorian Desert is in southern
  • It is vast, barren region with many small lakes
    and grasslands.

Ayers Rock
  • Ayers Rock is a giant sandstone rock formation.
  • It lies in central Australia.
  • Ayers Rock has many waterholes, caves, and
  • The Aborigines believe Ayers Rock is sacred.

The Outback
  • Much of Australia is covered by the Australian
  • It is a dry region that covers most of
    Australias interior.
  • Temperatures in the Outback can be very hot.
  • There is very little rain.
  • Most of the soil is not good for farming.
  • Harsh conditions and the lack of fertile farmland
    mean that very few people live in the Outback.

  • Most Australians live in cities along Australias
    southeast coast.
  • This is largely because of the mild, temperate
    climate the region offers.
  • Due to rich mineral deposits, portions of
    northwest Australia are home to mining
  • Miners rely on these natural resources for
  • The interior of the continent is dominated by the

Trade and Resources
  • Australias geography impacts trade.
  • Because of its dry terrain and vast wilderness
    areas. Australia has historically had to import
    many of the agricultural products that it needs.
  • International trade has long been a critical part
    of Australias survival.
  • Since Australia is an island nation, it has to
    import most manufactured goods.

Trade and Resources Continued
  • Over the centuries, most Australians settled
    along the continents coast.
  • These settlements served as important harbors and
    some of them grew into bustling cities.
  • Towns also grew up further inland along
    Australias rivers.
  • They provide the continent with what fertile land
    it has.
  • Australia's rivers allow travel and permit inland
    farmers and businesses to ship products to the
  • Few Australians live in the Outback or other
    regions that offer very little water or access to

Australia's Culture
  • Australias culture is very much like that of
    Western Europe or the United States.
  • Many of the fashions, products, musical styles,
    movies, businesses, and leisure activities that
    exist throughout the western world can be found
    in Australia.

British Culture
  • Australia was once a British colony.
  • British culture has greatly shaped the modern
    culture of Australia.
  • English is the official language.
  • The government is modeled after the United
  • The king or queen of the United Kingdom still has
    symbolic role.
  • Most Australians who follow a religion claim to
    be Christian.
  • British missionaries introduced Christianity in
    the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

Aboriginal Culture
  • Aboriginal cultures still exist in Australia.
  • Aborigines are native Australians whose ancestors
    lived on the continent before Europeans arrived.
  • Many Aboriginal citizens have adopted western
    customs (fashion, work in urban areas, go to
    universities, and have similar lifestyles)
  • Other Aborigines live a more traditional
  • Many of the societies exist in the Outback, where
    the harsh climate and geography discourages
    Europeans from interfering with the native
    peoples way of life.

  • Australias literacy rate is very high.
  • Most Australians are well educated.
  • The literacy rate is lower among Aborigines.
  • Due to years of discrimination, there are still
    problems in the Aboriginal community, such as
    poverty, high rates of alcoholism, and lack of

Question 1
  • The largest living organism in the world is
  • The Aborigines
  • Ayers Rock
  • The Great Barrier Reef
  • Found in the Outback

Question 2
  • Malcolm lives in a heavily populated city. There
    is a good chance Malcolm lives in
  • The Great Victorian Desert
  • Southeast Australia
  • The Outback
  • Northwest Australia