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On this day in Geography

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Title: On this day in Geography


1
On this day in Geography
  • Find out what happened on a chosen date .

By Jennifer Kennedy Vyne Community School
2
Please select a month
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
3
January Please select a date
2
1
3
6
7
5
4
8
9
15
10
14
13
12
11
16
21
22
23
24
17
18
19
20
31
30
28
27
29
26
25
4
1st January
Earthquake in Portugal
1979 An earthquake measuring 6.9 killed 60
people in Portugal. 1973 The United
Kingdom joined the European Economic Community
(now called the European Union).
5
2nd January
Lowest coastal temperature in England
1979 The lowest ever recorded temperature
in a coastal area in England, was at Plymouth in
Devon is -8.8 C.
6
3rd January
River erosion
1997 China spent 27.7 billion to combating
erosion and remove pollution in the Yangtze and
Yellow river valleys.
7
4th January
Earthquake in China
1970 An earthquake measuring 7.2 struck China
killing over 10,000 people.
8
5th January
Record low temperature in Illinois, USA
1999 Illinoiss lowest temperature of -36 was
recorded on this day. 1974 Antarcticas
highest recorded temperature 59
Vanda Station, Scott Coast
9
6th January
Highest daily rainfall
  • 1966 The world's highest ever rainfall in one
    day was 1825 mm, in Fac Fac, on La Reunion
    island in the Indian ocean.

10
7th January
Pisa closed to the public
1990 The Leaning Tower of Pisa was closed to
the public due to fears that the structure was
on the verge of toppling over. It was the first
time in 800 years that the tower has been closed
to the public.
11
8th January
Record low temperature in Nevada, USA
1937 -50
12
9th January
Greenlands lowest recorded temperature
1954 -87 Northice
13
10th January
Lowest inland temperature in the UK
  • 1982 -27.2C Braemar, Grampian
  • 1977 Mount Nyiragongo. The side wall of a lava
    lake in the crater gave way sending lava down the
    sides of the mountain at up to 60mph. The lava
    overwhelmed villages and killed at least 70
    people

14
11th January
Huge landslide in Peru
1962 A massive avalanche of rocks and ice
resulted in the deaths of over 2,000 people in a
number of settlements in Peru. 1693 An
earthquake magnitude 7.5 struck Sicily killing
over 60,000 people.
15
12th January
Japanese quake
1945 An earthquake measuring 6.8 struck Japan
killing 2306 people.
16
13th January
Italian earthquake kills thousands
  • 1980 An earthquake shook southern Italy. The
    town of Avezzano at its epicentre was completely
    destroyed. The death toll was estimated to be at
    least 30,000.
  • 2001 An earthquake centred off the Pacific coast
    about 65 miles (105 km) southeast of the capital,
    San Salvador, killed more than 1,000 people and
    measured 7.6 magnitude. A second quake struck the
    region one month later, killing hundreds.

17
14th January
Earthquake in Jamaica
1907 1000 people killed as a result of an
earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica.
18
15th January
1992 Slovenia and Croatia were internationally
recognised as independent countries (formerly
part of the Socialist Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia).
19
16th January
Australias highest recorded temperature
1889 Australia 128 Cloncurry, Queensland
20
17th January
Kobe earthquake
1995 6,430 people were killed after a strong
earthquake ripped through central Japan.
Measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale, the
earthquake, centred on the port of Kobe, was the
biggest quake to hit Japan in half a century.
1994 The Northridge area of Los Angeles was
struck by an earthquake measuring 6.6. It killed
60 people.
21
18th January
Record low temperature in Idaho, USA
1943 -60
22
19th January
Indonesian earthquake
1981 1305 people were killed when a 6.6
earthquake struck Indonesia.
23
20th January
Napoli ran aground
2007 The container ship MSC Napoli was
deliberately ran aground near the Jurassic Coast
World Heritage site after losing power during a
gale in the English Channel. Had the ship not
been grounded it would have sunk causing an
ecological disaster due to the oil it was
carrying in addition to 158 containers
considered hazardous out of a cargo of 2,323
containers.
24
21st January
Lowest temperature in the South Carolina, USA
1985 19 temperature was recorded.
25
22nd January
Lowest temperature in the Virginia, USA
1985 -30 1989 In Tajikistan, an earthquake
measuring 5.9 killed 274 people.
26
23rd January
Lowest temperature in the United States
  • 1971 Prospect Creek, Alaska. The temperature
    there fell to -80F, or about -62C.

To view a 2nd major event click here
27
23rd January
Severe earthquake many lives lost
  • 1556 China, Shansi 830,000. Based upon
    geological data, the event was estimated to have
    been an 8.0 moment magnitude earthquake.
  • 1916 The biggest temperature variation recorded
    in one day is 56C (100F), in a fall from 7 to
    -49C (44 to -56F) at Browning, Montana, USA on
    January 2324, 1916.

28
24th January
Gold discovered in California
  • 1848 Gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in
    Northern California, prompting the Gold Rush. By
    the end of 1849, 80,000 immigrants had swarmed
    into the state.

29
25th January
Colombian earthquake
1999 A powerful earthquake ripped through
Colombia's central coffee-growing region, killing
at least 1,170 people. It measured 6.3 and the
provincial capital of Armenia, nestled high in
the Andes mountains of Quindio province, was the
worst-hit spot. 1990 Hurricane-force winds
swept across Britain killing 39 people.
30
26th January
98ft tsunami in, Japan, kills over 27,000 people
  • 1700 Tsunami caused by an earthquake of
    magnitude 9.0 off the western coast of Vancouver
    Island, Canada killed 27,000 people in Japan.
  • 2001 An earthquake in the western state of
    Gujarat, India measured a 7.7 magnitude and
    killed about 30,000 people.

31
27th January
Eruption of Mt Lamington
1951 Lamington New Guinea 3000 killed by a
pyroclastic flow. Volcano was not known to be
active before the eruption.
32
28th January
Largest snowflake
1887 At Fort Keogh, Montana, USA, ranch owner
Matt Coleman measured a snowflake that was 38cm
wide and 20 cm thick.
33
29th January
Record low temperature in New Hampshire, USA
1934 -47
34
30th January
Record low temperature in Alabama, USA
1966 -27 temperature was recorded in Alabama,
USA.
35
31st January
Fatal flood in the Netherlands
1953 A flood causes over 1,800 deaths in the
Netherlands.
36
February Please select a date
4
5
7
6
8
1
2
3
9
14
10
11
12
13
15
16
24
17
18
21
22
19
20
23
28
25
29
27
26
37
1st February
Record low temperature in Colorado, USA
1985 -61
38
2nd February
New Zealand quake
1931 An earthquake measuring 7.7 struck New
Zealand killing 256 people. 1996 Record low
temperature in Minnesota, USA of -600.
39
3rd February
North Americas lowest recorded temperature
1947 A temperature of -81 was recorded at Snag,
Yukon, Canada. 2008 Series of quakes hit
Africas Great Lakes region killing 30 people and
injuring more than 300.
40
4th February
Afghanistan earthquake
1998 At least 4,500 were killed in an earthquake
in Takhar province in Afghanistan. The quake
measured 6.1 on the Richter scale. 1976 An
earthquake measuring 7.5 struck Guatemala killing
23,000 people. 1797 A major earthquake struck
Quito, Ecuador killing an estimated 40,000 people.
41
5th February
Record low temperature in Rhode Island, USA
1996 Rhode Island-25. 1966 An earthquake
measuring 5.6 struck China killing 371 people.
42
6th February
Asias lowest recorded temperature
1933 -90 Oimekon, Russia
43
7th February
Indonesian earthquake
2004 An earthquake measuring 7.3 struck Irian
Jaya, Indonesia. 1892 Lowest temperature
recorded in Asia of -90 at Verkhoyansk, Russia.
44
8th February
Record low temperature in Texas, USA
1933 -23 1995 An earthquake measuring 6.3
killed 42 people in Colombia.
45
9th February
Record low temperature in Colorado, USA
1934 51
46
10th February
The Great Gale
1871 A severe storm in the North Sea struck the
north east coast of England. Over 100 ships were
wrecked on the north east coast and
approximately 70 people lost their lives. Ann
RNLI lifeboat was launched but it floundered in
the heavy seas with a loss of six lives.
47
11th February
Coldest temperature in the UK
1895 -27.2C Braemar, Grampian (See also 10th
January and 30th December) 1935 Africas
lowest recorded temperature Africa -11 Ifrane,
Morocco.
48
12th February
Record low temperature in Nebraska, USA
1899 -47
49
13th February
Record low temperature in Florida, USA
1899 A record low of -2 was recorded in
Florida. 2001 An earthquake measuring 6.5
killed 315 people in El Salvador.
50
14th February
Earthquake USA
1981 A magnitude 5.5 earthquake occurred near
Elk Lake in the southern Washington Cascade
Range. 1981 Twelve people were killed when a
4.9 earthquake struck Italy.
51
15th February
Record low temperature in North Dakota, USA
1936 -60 1994 An earthquake measuring 6.8
killed 207 people in Indonesia.
52
16th February
Australia fires
1983 Over 100 fires started on a day known as
Ash Wednesday. The fires swept across Victoria
and South Australia, killing 75 people and
causing widespread damage. 1943 Record low
temperature in Connecticut, USA -32Feb. 16,
1943.
53
17th February
Parliament votes to join the European Common
Market.
  • 1972 Britains Parliament votes in favour of
    joining the European Common Market.
  • 1996 An earthquake measuring 8.2 struck
    Indonesia killing 166 people.
  • 1936 Record coldest temperature in South Dakota
    of -58

54
18th February
Earthquake, Nevada
1914 An earthquake measuring M 6.0 occurred
about 2 miles southwest of Reno, Nevada. 1981
Four people were killed when a 4.7 earthquake
struck South Africa.
55
19th February
Chaiten Volcano, Chile
2009 Chaiten volcano in Chile became active
again producing large quantities of gas and
pyroclastic ash. 2005 A strong earthquake
Magnitude 6.5 struck Sulawesi, Indonesia
56
20th February
Hawaii earthquake
1871 An earthquake measuring 6.8 struck Lanai,
Hawaii
57
21st February
1996 A large earthquake, magnitude 7.5 struck
the northern coastal region of Peru killing 7
people.
58
22nd February
Mozambique earthquake
2006 An earthquake measuring 7.0 struck
Mozambique killing four people. 2004 An
earthquake measuring 6.4 struck Iran killing 612
people.
59
23rd February
Giant sinkhole
2007 About a dozen homes plummeted into a
sinkhole 100 metres deep and 26 metres wide,
which suddenly developed in Guatemala City.
Three people died as a result.
60
24th February
Britain hit by freezing temperatures
1955 Deep snow and freezing temperatures hit
many parts of Britain. Over 70 roads were
blocked by snow and snowdrifts 9 metres deep
were reported. 2004 An earthquake measuring
6.3 struck Morocco killing 631 people. 2003 261
people were killed when a 6.3 earthquake struck
China.
61
25th February
Yugoslavia quake
1983 An earthquake measuring 4.7 struck
Yugoslavia killing twelve people.
62
26th February
Fiji earthquake
2006 An earthquake measuring 6.4 struck south
of the Fiji Islands
63
27th February
British earthquake
2008 An earthquake measuring 4.7 struck
Lincolnshire, eastern England at 00.56 GMT. The
focus was at a depth of 18km. 1997 An
earthquake measuring 7.1 struck Pakistan killing
60 people.
64
28th February
Iran earthquake
1997 An earthquake killed about 1,000 people and
injured 2,000 in north-western Iran. The quake,
measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale, hit the city
of Ardabil and the town of Meshkinshahr.
65
29th February
Moroccan earthquake
1960 An earthquake measuring 6.7 on the Richter
scale struck the city of Agadir in southern
Morocco. The quake lasted for ten seconds and
resulted in the deaths of 12,000 people. A new
city was built two kms south of the epicentre
and is also named Agadir.
66
March Please select a date
1
2
6
8
5
3
4
7
15
12
14
9
10
16
13
11
18
19
20
24
23
17
22
21
27
28
26
25
30
29
31
67
1st March
Cyclone George
2007 Cyclone George passed over Australias
Northern Territory on March 1 and March 2. It
brought widespread rain and high tides to the
region. 1910 Avalanche. A ten foot wall of
snow, half a mile long and a quarter of a mile
wide ploughed down the mountain into a waiting
passenger train and railway depot, killing 96
people.
68
2nd March
Cyclone Percy
2005 Cyclone Percy developed into a category 5
storm. Winds speeds of 260 kph
69
3rd March
Killer Tsunami
1933 A tsunami originating in the Japan Trench
killed 3,000 people, destroyed 9000 houses and
8000 ships in and off the coast of
Honshu. 2002 An earthquake measuring 7.3
struck Afghanistan killing 166 people.
70
4th March
Earthquake, Bucharest, Romania
1977 An earthquake measuring 7.4 caused the
deaths of 1541 people.
71
5th March
Earthquake in Ecuador
1987 Over 1,000 people killed and several
thousand missing. The epicentre of the quake was
50 miles (80 km) east of Quito, Ecuador. It
measured 7.0 on the Richter scale.
72
6th March
Bolivia floods
2007 Bolivian floods kill 40 people. 1987 An
earthquake measuring 7.1 killed 5,000 people in
Ecuador.
73
7th March
Earthquake, Greece
1981 One person was killed when a 5.4
earthquake struck Greece.
74
8th March
Fastest surface wind speed
1972 The fastest surface wind speed at a low
altitude was registered at the USAF base at
Thule, Greenland, when a peak speed of 333 km/h
(207 mph) was recorded.
75
9th March
Aleutian tsunami
1957 A large earthquake measuring 8.3 occurred
south of the Aleutian Islands and generated a
destructive Pacific wide tsunami. Waves up to 22
metres were reported to have occurred near the
Aleutian Island of Unimak
76
10th March
Earthquake, California, USA
1933 An earthquake measuring 6.4 struck the
Long Beach area of California. 1981 Two people
were killed when a 5.4 earthquake struck Greece.
77
11th March
Great Blizzard
1888 Some parts of the east coast of the USA
received up to 55 inches of snow. Gusts of wind
up to 85 mph created massive snow drifts.
78
12th March
Earthquake
2008 An earthquake measuring 7.2 struck
Vanuatu, 1180 miles NE of Australia.
79
13th March
Earthquake in Turkey
1992 An earthquake measuring 6.8 struck near
Erzincan, Turkey. It caused the deaths of at
least 500 people and left 50,000 people homeless.
80
14th March
Earthquake in Mexico
1979 Mexico was hit by an earthquake measuring
7.4. There were five fatalities.
81
15th March
Highest daily rainfall
1952 March 15/16, over 74 inches of rain fell
at Reunion, the highest daily recorded rainfall.
82
16th March
Undersea volcanic eruption near Tonga
2009 An undersea volcano northwest of the
Tongan capital Nuku'alofa, began erupting after a
moderate earthquake. This was followed a few days
later by a major earthquake (magnitude 7.9)
which rocked Tonga's main island of Tongatapu.
The volcano has two vents one on the
uninhabited islet of Hunga Ha'apai and the other,
about 100 metres offshore.
83
17th March
Taiwanese earthquake
1906 An earthquake measuring 7.1 struck Taiwan
killing over 1,200 people. Many of the victims
were crushed in the rubble of their own homes.
84
18th March
Deadly twister, USA
1925 F5 tornado hit Missouri, Illinois and
Indiana, killing nearly 700 people.
85
19th March
Official opening Sydney Harbour Bridge
  • 1924 Construction started in 1924 and took 1400
    men eight years to build at a cost of 4.2
    million. The bridge is 134 metres high, 49 metres
    wide and has a curve of 503 metres. The bridge
    has six million rivets (Nails) in total, and
    weighs 52,800 tonnes. Its total length is 1149
    metres and its area span is 503 metres.
  • 1976 An earthquake struck Afghanistan killing
    49 people. It measured 5.6.

86
20th March
Highest gust of wind in the UK (low level)
1986 Highest gust (low level)141.6mph was
recorded at Freserburgh, Aberdeenshire,
Scotland.
87
21st March
USA tornadoes
1932 At least 350 people died as a result of a
number of tornadoes. There were reports of
boxcars from nearby railway lines flying through
the air.
88
22nd March
Earthquake in Ecuador
1859 A powerful earthquake struck Quito,
Ecuador. The quake lasted six minutes and caused
the destruction of many buildings. (See February
4)
89
23rd March
Avalanche
1915 An avalanche in Vancouver, British
Columbia overwhelmed the Jane Camp and burying
50 miners and injured many others.
90
24th March
Exxon Valdez creates oil slick disaster
  • 1989 An oil tanker run aground on a reef off
    the Alaskan coast, releasing gallons of crude
    oil into the sea.

91
25th March
Earthquake hits Honshu, Japan
2007 An earthquake of magnitude 7.1 has struck
off the west coast of Japan's largest island,
Honshu. One person was known to have
died. 2002 A major aftershock measuring 6.1
killed 1000 people in Afghanistan.
92
26th March
Hurricane Catarina
2004 Hurricane Catarina later intensified into
a category 2 storm and made landfall in Brazil.
It killed three people and caused 350 million
in damages.
93
27th March
Tornadoes hit Kentucky
1819 Tornadoes killed 76 people in the state of
Kentucky, USA. 1964 An 8.4 earthquake struck
Alaska on the Good Friday earthquake resulting
in the deaths of 125 people and property damage
of about 310 million.
USGS
94
28th March
Earthquake/tsunami, Indonesia
  • 2005 An earthquake measuring 8.6 struck northern
    Sumatra, Indonesia causing a 3 metre tsunami.
    1,313 people were killed.
  • 1964 Alaskan earthquake measuring 9.2 on the
    Richter Scale caused a tsunami along the
    North-western coast of the US. Damage totalled
    over 84 million dollars, with 123 deaths
    reported

95
29th March
Mexico suffers a volcanic eruption
1982 An eruption of the volcano El Chichon was
triggered by an earthquake. The eruption involved
pyroclastic flows and in total nearly 2,000
people died. Nine villages were completely
destroyed. The energy release is estimated to be
equivalent to the eruption of Mt. St Helens in
1980 (8,000 one-kiloton atomic bombs.
96
30th March
Large wave causes oil accommodation to capsize
1980 The Alexander platform provided
accommodation for workers on a nearby oil rig.
During gale conditions a large wave caused one
of the main support legs to fail (it had
undetected cracks). This resulted in the
collapse and capsizing of the platform. 123
people died in this event.
97
31st March
Iran earthquake
2006 Western Iran hits by a 6.1 earthquake
which killed over 70 people and many more were
injured. 1983 An earthquake measuring 5.6
struck Colombia killing 300 people.
98
April Please select a date
3
7
6
5
4
8
1
2
9
10
14
15
11
12
16
13
19
22
21
24
17
18
20
23
29
28
30
27
26
25
99
1st April
Tsunami strikes Alaska and Hawaii
1946 A tsunami originating in the Aleutian
Trench killed 159 people in Alaska and
Hawaii. 2007 An earthquake measuring 8.1
struck the Solomon Islands. 54 people died.
100
2nd April
Indonesian quake
1964 An earthquake measuring 5.6 struck
Indonesia killing 110 people.
101
3rd April
USA tornadoes
1974 Massive tornado outbreak on April 3/4 in
the US 148 separate tornadoes grounded 348
people died and almost 5,500 injured.
102
4th April
USA tornadoes
1974 Massive tornado outbreak on April 3/4 in
the US 148 separate tornadoes grounded, 348
people died and almost 5,500 injured
103
5th April
Hailstones
2003 Large hailstones measuring over 4 inches
fell in Texas, USA. 1815 The first of two
large eruptions took place on Mount Tambora on
the island of Sumbawa. Large quantities of ash
fell in east Java and the sound was heard 1,400
kilometres away. (See April 10 for details of the
second eruption, which was the largest in
historic times).
104
6th April
L'Aquila devastated by 6.3 earthquake.
  • 2009 Central Italy was struck by a magnitude 6.3
    earthquake at 2.00 am. The earthquakes epicentre
    was in the historic town of LAquila, about 60
    miles NE of Rome. Nearly deaths, 1,500 injured
    and 17,000 homeless. A 98 year old woman was
    rescued after spending 30 hours in the collapsed
    ruins of her home.

105
7th April
Dhaka tornado
  • 1888 The Times of London reported that a
    500-foot wide tornado killed 118 people and
    injured 1200 more on the west edge of Dhaka.
    Soon afterwards, another 66 died in the
    Murchagunja area. There were unsubstantiated
    rumours that 150 people were killed by hail
    stones weighing up to two pounds each.

106
8th April
China quake
  • 2004 A small earthquake in China measuring 5.3
    killed 4 people. Three hours later, another
    small quake (5.6) occurred in Turkey killing
    one person.

107
9th April
Earthquake
  • 2008 A magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck the
    Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia (1120 miles ENE
    of Australia)

108
10th April
Greatest volcanic eruption in recorded history
  • 1815 Tambora, Indonesia erupted with a number of
    colossal explosions, creating columns of volcanic
    material that stretched up to 40km into the sky.
    When these columns collapsed, they formed
    pyroclastic flows
  • 92000 people were killed by ash falls, tsunami,
    disease and starvation

109
11th April
Cyclone caused ferry to sink
  • 1968 The Wahine ferry sunk off the coast of New
    Zealand with the loss of 51 people after hitting
    a reef. Despite being within sight of the shore,
    the gale force winds caused by the nearby
    cyclone Giselle made rescue very difficult. Over
    600 passengers were saved

110
12th April
Strongest non-storm winds
  • 1934 At Mount Washington, New Hampshire, the
    wind blew for five minutes at 188 miles per
    hour, with gusts up to 231 miles per hour,
    faster than in a powerful hurricane.

111
13th April
Large hailstones USA
  • 2006 Large hailstones, the largest measuring
    4.25 inches fell in Southern Wisconsin.

112
14th April
Worlds largest hailstone
  • 1986 The world record occurred in a hailstorm
    in the Gopalanj district of Bangladesh. The
    hailstones weighed up to 1kg (2lb 4oz) and were
    reported to have killed 92 people. More than
    600 houses were damaged.

113
15th April
Titanic sunk
  • 1912 The Titanic, the world's largest passenger
    steamship at the time-- strikes an iceberg in
    the Atlantic and sinks on its maiden voyage on
    the 15th April, killing at least 1,496 people.
  • 2003 Severe thunderstorms developed and
    produced 11 tornadoes in Texas and Oklahoma.

114
16th April
Avalanche
  • 1970 A avalanche 60 feet high and consisting of
    snow and rock killed seventy people as it struck
    the Sallanches Tuberculosis Sanatorium in
    France. The majority of the victims were young
    boys.

115
17th April
Earthquake
  • 2003 Earthquake measuring 6.6 Papua New Guinea

116
18th April
San Francisco Earthquake
  • 1906 In 45 to 60 seconds of tremors, and three
    days of fires, 28,000 buildings were destroyed
    and 225,000 people were left homeless. An
    estimated 3,000 people lost their lives.
    Property damage reached 400 million (in 1906
    dollars). The fire destroyed four square miles
    of San Franciscoroughly two-thirds of the city.

117
19th April
Earthquake in Guatemala
  • 1902 2,000 people perished when a 7.5
    earthquake struck Guatemala.

118
20th April
Earthquake in Taiwan
  • 1935 An earthquake measuring 7.1 struck Taiwan
    killing 3410 people.

119
21st April
Chilean quake
2007 An earthquake measuring 6.2 struck Chile
killing ten people.
120
22nd April
Most damaging UK earthquake
  • 1884 The most destructive earthquake known in
    Britain happened at 9.18 am in Colchester.

121
23rd April
Greece earthquake
  • 1933 An earthquake measuring 6.8 struck Greece
    killing 74 people.

122
24th April
Volcanic eruption
  • 1902 Santa Maria, Guatemala 4000 killed by
    ash falls, disease and starvation.

123
25th April
Australian quake
  • 2006 A minor quake measuring 2.2 struck part of
    Australia. It triggered a collapse in a gold
    mine killing one of the miners.

124
26th April
Bangladesh tornado
  • 1989 What may have been the world's deadliest
    tornado took place on this day. As many as 1300
    people were initially reported killed and 12,000
    injured as a tornado cut a long track, up to a
    mile wide, about 50 miles northwest and north of
    Dhaka, striking 5 districts. The towns of Saturia
    and Manikgank sadar were levelled and about
    80,000 people were made homeless. There were at
    least 600 deaths in the tornado.

125
27th April
Record highest temperature in Hawaii
  • 1931 100

126
28th April
Chinese quake
  • 1971 An earthquake measuring 6.3 killed two
    people in China.

127
29th April
Tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh
  • 1991 A powerful tropical cyclone struck the
    Chittagong district of south-eastern Bangladesh
    with winds of around 155 mph. The storm forced a
    6 metre (20 foot) storm surge inland over a wide
    area, killing at least 138,000 people and
    leaving as many as 10 million homeless.

128
30th April
UK earthquake
  • 2007 Ashford in Kent hit by an earthquake
    measuring 4.3 on the Richter scale. It occurred
    at 08.10 am. The epicentre was 12km off the
    coast of Dover in the English Channel.
  • 2007 Warmest April on record.

129
May Please select a date
2
3
4
5
1
8
6
7
16
10
12
11
9
14
13
15
17
18
19
21
22
24
20
23
31
30
27
25
28
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130
1st May
Earthquake
2003 Magnitude 6.3 earthquake hit Turkey
killing 177 people.
131
2nd May
Largest measured tornado
1999 The largest measured tornado occurred near
Mulhall, northern Oklahoma, USA. Its diameter,
was measured at around 1,600m (5,250 ft), using
a doppler on wheels. 2008 Chaiten in Chile
erupted violently after remaining dormant for
9,000 years.
132
3rd May
Earthquake in N. Italy kills 976
2006 Tonga hit by a magnitude 8 earthquake
133
4th May
Tropical cyclone hits Myanmar
2008 Devastating tropical cyclone Nargis hit
Myanmar (Burma) causing the deaths of at least
80,000 people and leaving 1 million
homeless. With wind speeds reaching 190 kph
(120 mph), the cyclone slammed into coastal
towns and villages in the rice-growing Irrawaddy
delta.
134
5th May
Multiple tornadoes
2007 Over 90 tornadoes were recorded on this
day in three USA states Kansas, Oklahoma and
Nebraska
135
6th May
Earthquake strikes northern Italy
1976 Italy's worst ever earthquake killed more
than 550 people, injured over 1,000 and left
80,000 homeless. The quake struck the northern
region of Friuli last night, affecting 11
villages near the Austrian and Yugoslav borders.

136
7th May
Super typhoon
2008 Typhoon Rammasun became a named storm on
this day and became a super typhoon by May 10,
reaching category 4. Its location was
north-east of the Philippines.
137
8th May
Mt Pelee erupts
  • 2008 400 metres of the World Heritage Jurassic
    coast was lost during a landslide.
  • 1902 Mt. Pelee is famous for the eruption which
    killed 29,000 people and destroyed the city of
    St. Pierre on Martinique.

138
9th May
Earthquake
2008 A magnitude 6.7 earthquake occurred 125
miles WSW of the island of Guam.
139
10th May
Iran earthquake
1997 1,560 people were killed and 2,810 injured
when an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter
scale rocked rural areas of eastern Iran. The
quake levelled 11 villages and inflicted heavy
damage on the towns of Qaen and Birjand (Iran)
near its epicentre about 90 miles (150 km) from
the border with Afghanistan.
140
11th May
Tornadoes
2008 Severe tornadoes swept through three
states in the USA bringing the total number of
deaths from tornadoes in the USA to 96 almost
the average total number of fatalities over a
whole year.
141
12th May
Chinese earthquake
2008 An earthquake measuring 7.8 hit the
Sichuan province in China and caused the deaths
of over 60,000 people. A middle school collapsed
in Dujiangyan City, trapping 900 students
beneath the rubble only one child was pulled
out alive.
142
13th May
Greece quake
1995 An earthquake measuring 6.5 killed 26
people in Greece.
143
14th May
Typhoon Nida
2004 Typhoon Nida developed on the 14th near
the Philippines but intensified into a super
typhoon on 16 May, reaching wind speeds of 160
mph.
144
15th May
F5 Tornado
1896 An F5 tornado causing massive destruction
to the town of Sherman in Texas killing 73
people. It had estimated wind speeds of 250 mph.
Tornadoes are measured on the Fujita scale, with
F5 being the highest category. F5 tornadoes are
rare.
145
16th May
Highest waterspout
1898 The highest waterspout was recorded off the
coast of Eden, New South Wales, Australia. A
theodolite was used to take the height
measurement 1,528 m. (5,014 ft.).
146
17th May
Record coldest temperature in Hawaii
1979 12 1979 Oceania lowest recorded
temperature 12 Mauna Kea.
147
18th May
Mt St. Helens erupts
1980 At 832 Sunday morning Mount St. Helens
erupted. Triggered by an earthquake measuring
5.1 on the Richter scale, the north face of the
mountain collapsed in a massive rock debris
avalanche. Nearly 230 square miles of forest was
blown down or buried beneath volcanic deposits.
At the same time a mushroom-shaped column of ash
rose thousands of feet and grey ash fell over
eastern Washington and beyond. The eruption
lasted 9 hours. The eruption of the Mt ST Helens
volcano in Washington State USA killed 57 people.
The bodies of 27 people were never found.
148
19th May
Mexican quake
1962 An earthquake measuring 6.7 killed 30
people in Mexico.
149
20th May
Pakistan quake
1992 An earthquake measuring 6.0 killed 36
people in Pakistan.
150
21st May
Tornado in Southern England
1950 A tornado swept through southern England
killing two people. 2003 Algeria hit by a 6.8
earthquake killing 2266 people.
151
22nd May
Greatest recorded earthquake
1960 Chile 8.5 Richter scale. The resulting
tsunami killed 1500 in Chile and 61 in Hawaii.
(See 23rd May)
152
23rd May
Hawaii tsunami
1960 A massive 8.6 earthquake in Chile on the
22nd triggered a tsunami which travelled across
the Pacific Ocean and killed 61 people in
Hawaii.
153
24th May
Colombian quake
2008 An earthquake measuring 5.7 on the Richter
scale struck 54km east-south east of Bogotá, the
capital of Colombia killing six people. The
focus of the earthquake was 10km. The deaths
were caused by landslides triggered by the quake.
154
25th May
Cyclone hits Bangladesh
1985 A cyclone with winds of over 100mph
created a storm surge of nearly 20 feet. 10 000
people died. 2008 An earthquake measuring 5.7
on the Richter scale struck Colombia killing six
people.
155
26th May
Earthquake hits Indonesia
2006 Java, Indonesia struck by an earthquake
measuring 6.3. At least 5,749 people killed and
many more injured.
156
27th May
Tornadoes hit Kentucky
1917 65 people died as a result of tornadoes
sweeping through Kentucky, USA. 1995 1989
died as a result of a 7.0 earthquake which
struck the Russian Federation.
157
28th May
Russias worst earthquake
1995 Russia's worst-ever earthquake killed
1,989 people in the Far East Russian. The quake
measured 7.5 on the Richter scale.
158
29th May
Ships collide in deadly Fog
1914 A Norwegian coal freighter and a passenger
liner collided in dense fog on the St. Lawrence
River. The passenger liner sunk in 14 minutes
having been cut in two by the coal freighter. A
total of 1,073 people died.
159
30th May
Afghanistan earthquake
1998 A powerful earthquake measuring 6.9 on the
Richter scale hit northern Afghanistan killing
up to 4,000 people and destroying 50 villages in
Takhar province.
160
31st May
Earthquake in Peru
1970 An earthquake measuring 7.9 struck Peru
killing 70,000 people.
161
June Please select a date
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162
1st June
South Americas lowest recorded temperature
1907 -27 Sarmiento, Argentina
163
2nd June
Flash floods in Colorado
1921 Flash floods resulting from torrential
rain swept into Pueblo County in Colorado
killing 120 people. The height of the flood
water was said to be up to the second storey of
buildings. 1994 An earthquake measuring 7.8
killed 277 people in Indonesia.
164
3rd June
Holbeck Hall landslide
1993 A landslide begun beneath a clifftop hotel
in Scarborough. England. The landslide was
hastened by heavy rain causing the hotel to
completely collapse on the 7th. Forty miles of
the consists of soft and shifting sand, making it
very unstable. Rates of erosion vary between 25cm
and 1½ m each year.
165
4th June
Indonesian earthquake
2000 An earthquake measuring 7.9 struck
Indonesia killing 103 people.
166
5th June
Taiwan quake
1920 An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter
scale struck Taiwan. There were five fatalities.

167
6th June
Earthquake and mudslide in Columbia
1994 Some 1,000 killed in an 6.8 earthquake and
mudslide disaster in the Paez River valley in
south- western Colombia. 1912 Mount Katmai's
(Alaska) explosion was one of the most powerful
to occur in recorded history.
168
7th June
Biggest UK earthquake
  • 1931 North Sea earthquake. Magnitude 6.1ML with
    an epicentre offshore in the Dogger Bank area
    (120 km NE of Great Yarmouth).

169
8th June
Earthquake
2006 French Guiana was struck by a 5.2
magnitude earthquake.
170
9th June
Flash flood in South Dakota
1972 Torrential rain washed debris into the
Pactola Dam causing the spillway to become
blocked. As a result, the dam collapsed and 238
people died in Rapid City as they were swept
away by the enormous torrent of water.
171
10th June
Taiwan quake
2000 An earthquake in Taiwan measuring 6.4
killed two people.
172
11th June
Earthquake in Iran
1981 1,027 people killed and more than 800
injured. The town of Golbaf in Kerman province
was destroyed 500 miles (805 km) southeast of
Tehran, Iran. Some estimates put the number of
deaths as 3,000 from this 6.6 earthquake. 1956
Highest 120 min total rainfall 155mm Hewenden
Reservoir, West Yorkshire
173
12th June
Mt Pinatubo erupts
1991 The second largest volcanic eruption of
the twentieth century took place on the island of
Luzon in the Philippines, 90 kilometres (55
miles) northwest of the capital city Manila. Up
to 800 people were killed and 100,000 became
homeless following the eruptions. On June 15,
millions of tons of sulphur dioxide were
discharged into the atmosphere, resulting in a
decrease in the temperature worldwide over the
next few years.
174
13th June
Earthquake
2005 An earthquake measuring 7.2 struck
Tarapaca, Chile killing 11 people.
175
14th June
Flash flood in Oregon
1903 Heppner in Central Oregon suffered
millions of dollars of damage and 324 people
lost their lives when heavy rain and hail caused
flash floods in Oregon.
176
15th June
Tsunami kills 28 000 in Japan
  • 1896 Honshu, Japan -- 28,000 people killed.
  • 2005 An earthquake measuring 7.2 struck off the
    coast of northern California.

177
16th June
Earthquake
2005 An earthquake measuring 4.9 struck the
greater Los Angeles area, California.
178
17th June
Undersea earthquake
1998 An undersea earthquake created three
waves, which struck the PNG coast near the town
of Aitape, Papua New Guinea wiping out entire
villages. The quake, which measured 7.1, killed
at least 2,100.
179
18th June
Mexico earthquake
1932 Fifty-two people were killed when a 7.9
earthquake struck Mexico.
180
19th June
Typhoon Hal
1985 Typhoon Hal formed east of the
Philippines. It later attained wind speeds of
maximum wind speeds of 121 km/h. It caused the
deaths of 38 people, mainly through the result
of heavy rain.
181
20th June
Iran earthquake
1990 An earthquake measuring 7.7 struck Western
Iran killing over 40,000 people.
182
21st June
Peru earthquake
1970 An earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter
scale, triggered an avalanche of rock and snow
avalanche which buried the towns of Yungay and
Ranrahirca in Peru, killing perhaps as many as
20,000 people 1942 Highest recorded
temperature in Asia 129 Tirat Tsvi, Israel.
183
22nd June
Largest hailstone
  • 2003 Largest hailstone (U.S.) Aurora,
    Nebraska, 17.8 cm in diameter, 47.6 cm in
    circumference. Almost as large as a soccer ball.

184
23rd June
Peru earthquake and tsunami
2001 Earthquake measuring 8.1 and resulting
tsunami hit southern Peru. 138 people were
killed.
185
24th June
Greatest pressure drop inside a tornado
2003 The greatest pressure drop ever measured
inside a tornado was 100 mb. It was recorded by
severe storms researcher Tim Samaras (USA), who
successfully placed an instrument probe in the
path of an F4 tornado near Manchester, South
Dakota, USA. On the same day, a record total
of 67 tornados ripped through the state of South
Dakota over an eight-hour period.
186
25th June
Quake in Indonesia
1976 An earthquake measuring 7.1 caused the
deaths of 7,422 people in Indonesia. 1957
Hurricane Audrey formed on this date but rapidly
intensified and attained category 4 status on
June 27th. It caused the deaths of at least 419
people. It reached wind speeds of 145 mph and
caused damage of 147 million at 1957 values
(1.1 billion 2007 values).
187
26th June
Highest 30 min total rainfall UK
1953 80mm Eskdalemuir, Dumfries and Galloway
188
27th June
Record highest temperature in Alaska, USA
1915 100 1998 An earthquake measuring 6.3
killed 145 people in Turkey.
189
28th June
Japan earthquake
1948 In Japan a 7.0 earthquake struck killing
5131 people.
190
29th June
Record highest temperature in Arizona, USA
1994 128 1994 Australias lowest recorded
temperature - 9 Charlotte Pass, New South
Wales.
191
30th June
No major geographical event recorded for this
date
192
July Please select a date
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7
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193
1st July
Turkey quake
2004 An earthquake measuring 5.1 struck Turkey
killing 18 people.
194
2nd July
Earthquake
2007 An earthquake measuring 4.3 was recorded
in central California.
195
3rd July
High rainfall in China
1975 Over 15.78 inches of rain fall at Shangdi,
Nei Monggol, China
196
4th July
Record highest temperature in New Hampshire, USA
1911 106
197
5th July
Greatest killer earthquake
1201  Killed 1,100,000 Egypt-Syria
198
6th July
Record high temperature in Minnesota, USA
1936 114 1964 Thirty people died as a result
of a 7.2 earthquake in Mexico.
199
7th July
Philippines earthquake
1990 An earthquake measuring 7.7 struck Luzon,
Philippines killing 1621 people.
200
8th July
Hurricane Dennis
2005 Hurricane Dennis strengthened to hurricane
intensity on the 6th July. It rapidly
intensified before making a landfall at category
4 strength in Cuba on July 8th.
201
9th July
Massive wave 520 metres high
1958 Lituya Bay, Alaska -- Tsunami caused by a
l andslide. Initial wave up to 520 metres ( 1,720
feet) high travelling at 160 kph (100 mph).
1997 A 6.9 earthquake killed 81 people in
Venezuela.
202
10th July
Highest recorded temperature in North America

1913 Death Valley, California. The temperature
soared to 134F, or about 57C.
 
203
11th July
Costliest US hailstorm
  • 1990 The Costliest U.S. hailstorm occurred in
    Denver, Colorado. Total damage was 625 million

204
12th July
Earthquake in Japan
1993 An earthquake measuring 7.7 killed 243
people in Japan.
205
13th July
Old Basing hailstorm
2007 A severe hailstorm struck Old Basing,
Hampshire covering cars and lawns in an icy
layer several centimetres thick.
206
14th July
Record high temperatures in Illinois and Indiana
1954 A temperature of 117 was recorded. 1936
A temperature of 116  was recorded 1976 An
earthquake measuring 6.5 struck Indonesia
killing 563 people.
207
15th July
Record high temperature Connecticut, USA
1995 106 temperature was recorded.
208
16th July
Earthquake in the Philippines
1990 1,620 killed, 3,500 injured. Richter 7.8,
epicentre the city of Cabanatuan, Philippines.
About half the deaths were around the tourist
centre of Baguio. An estimated 148,000 were
displaced or made homeless.
209
17th July
Indonesian earthquake
2006 Magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck south of
Java, Indonesia killing over 730 people. 1998
An earthquake measuring 7.0 struck Papua New
Guinea killing 2683 people.
210
18th July
Highest daily rainfall in the UK
1955 Maximum in a day 279 mm at Martinstown
(Dorset). 2005 Hurricane Emily developed into
a category 5 storm with wind speeds of 160 mph.
It weakened slightly and made landfall on the
Yucatan Peninsula on July 18th with wind speeds
of 135 mph.
211
19th July
High temperature in New York City
1977 The temperature reached 1020F in New York
City
212
20th July
San Francisco Bay earthquake
2007 An earthquake measuring 4.2 struck the San
Francisco Bay area.
213
21st July
Earths coldest temperature
  • 1983 Earths coldest recorded temperature of
    -89.2 C (-128.6 F) was recorded at Vostok
    station, A ntarctica.

214
22nd July
Record Highest temperature in New York, USA
1926 108
215
23rd July
Earthquake in Indonesia
1943 An earthquake struck Indonesia killing 213
people.
216
24th July
Record high temperature Georgia, USA
1952 112
217
25th July
Earthquake in China
1969 An earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter
scale struck China killing 3,000 people.
218
26th July
Yugoslav earthquake
1963 An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter
scale almost destroyed the entire city of Skopje
(previously destroyed by an earthquake in
518AD. The 1963 event killed over 1,000 people.
219
27th July
Severe earthquake in China
1976  655,237 killed in NE China, Tangshan.
Magnitude 7.5 on the Richter scale
220
28th July
Iranian earthquake
1976 An earthquake measuring 8.3 on the Richter
scale ripped through the city of Tangshan, Iran
killing at least 240,000 people. Some people
believe that the final death toll was closer to
750,000.
221
29th July
Record highest temperature in Mississippi, USA
1930 A record highest temperature of 115 was
recorded. 1980 An earthquake measuring 6.5
struck Nepal killing 188 people.
222
30th July
Iran earthquake
1970 An earthquake struck Iran killing 176
people. It measured 6.6 on the Richter
scale. 1917 An earthquake measuring 7.3 on the
Richter scale struck China killing 1800 people.
223
31st July
Highest monthly rainfall
1861 Cherrapunji, India recorded 336 inches of
rainfall over the whole month, the highest
figure recorded.
224
August Please select a date
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225
1st August
Earthquake
1989 An earthquake measuring 6.1 struck
Indonesia killing 120 people.
226
2nd August
Record high temperature in Wales
1990 A record high temperature of 35.20C was
recorded at Hawarden Bridge (Clwyd) in Wales.
227
3rd August
UK highest temperature
  • 1990 The figure of 37.1C, or 99F, recorded at a
    weather station in Nailstone, Leicestershire, is
    1 degree Fahrenheit higher than the previous
    record set in 1911.

228
4th August
Europes highest recorded temperature
1881 122 Seville, Spain
229
5th August
Record high temperature Washington, USA
1961 118 1980 Hurricane Allen became a
category 5 on this day with maximum wind speeds
of 190 mph. It made landfall in Haiti . In total
it killed 250 people and caused 1 billion in
damage (1980 values).
230
6th August
Floods in Manchuria
1951 August 6-7 floods hit Manchuria killing
4,800 people
231
7th August
Floods in Manchuria
1
  • 1951 August 6-7 floods hit Manchuria killing
    4,800 people

232
8th August
Highest 90 min total rainfall UK
1967 117mm Dunsop Valley, Lancashire 1975 A
years worth of rain fell in 24 hours. As a
direct consequence of the significantly increased
run-off entering the dam system, 62 dams failed.
The largest of these was the Banqiao Dam which
had been designed to withstand a 12,000 year
flood. One source states that approximately
26,000 people died from flooding and another
145,000 died during subsequent epidemics and
famine.
233
9th August
Record high temperature Tennessee, USA
1930 113
234
10th August
Highest recorded temperature in the UK
2003 The highest temperature ever recorded in
England is 38.5 C at Brogdale, near Faversham
in Kent, which is also the highest temperature
ever recorded anywhere in the United
Kingdom. 1893 Rainfall Highest 5 min total
32mm Preston, Lancashire
235
11th August
Earthquake in Mexico
2006 Magnitude 6.1 earthquake occurred in Mexico
236
12th August
Record high temperature Texas, USA
1936 120
237
13th August
Hurricane Charley
2004 Hurricane Charley rapidly became a powerful
category four storm with estimated surface winds
of 145 mph. Charley made landfall in Florida just
north of Fort Myers on Friday 13th. At least 16
people were killed as Charley moved across
Florida and an estimated 10 billion of damage
was caused. Over 2 million people lost power in
Florida.
238
14th August
Highest 155-min total rainfall UK
  • 1975 169mm Hampstead, Greater London

239
15th August
Lynmouth Flood
  • 1952 The village of Lynmouth, Devon was
    devastated when the Rivers East and West Lyn
    burst their banks after torrential rainfall. 34
    people died from the flood. Dozens of homes in
    the village were wrecked as 90 million tonnes of
    water swept down through the village. (See 16th
    August)
  • 2007 An earthquake measuring 8.0 struck near the
    coast of central Peru. 514 people were killed.
  • 1984 A limnic eruption at Lake Monoun, Cameroon
    caused the release of huge quantities of carbon
    dioxide, killing 37 people.

240
16th August
Boscastle flood
  • 2004 A total of 75mm - the August average
    rainfall fell in two hours causing the Rivers
    Valency and Jordan to burst their banks sending
    a 3m high wall of water rushing through the
    village of Boscastle in North Cornwall.
    Remarkably there were no fatalities. This flood
    occurred almost exactly 52 years after a similar
    event occurred at Lynmouth in Devon. (See 15th
    August)
  • 1976 An earthquake measuring 8.0 struck the
    Philippines killing 6,500 people

241
17th August
Turkey earthquake
  • 1999 More than 17,000 people were killed when a
    devastating earthquake measuring 7.4 hit Turkey
    its worst natural disaster in 60 years.
  • 1969 Hurricane Camille struck Mississippi with
    winds in excess of 200 mph. A three-storey
    apartment block known as the Richelieu
    Apartments was totally destroyed.
  • www link

NOAA
242
18th August
Hurricane Bonnie
  • 1980 Hurricane Bonnie caused no known damage.
    Maximum wind speeds of 100 mph.
  • 1959 An earthquake in the USA
  • measuring 7.3 killed 28 people.

243
19th August
Earthquake in Indonesia
  • 1977 An earthquake measuring 8.3 struck
    Indonesia killing 189 people.
  • 1976 An earthquake measuring 5.0 struck Turkey,
    killing 4 people.

244
20th August
Largest forest fire in American History
  • 1910 Between 20th August and the 21st August
    1910 the largest forest fire in American history
    occurred. For two terrifying days and night's
    the fire raged across three million acres of
    virgin timberland in northern Idaho and western
    Montana.
  • 1988 An earthquake measuring 6.8 killed 998
    people in Nepal.

245
21st August
Volcanic eruption
  • 1986 Lake Nyos, Cameroon 1700 killed by Carbon
    dioxide emission from volcanic lake (limnic
    eruption). 3,500 livestock were also asphyxiated
    in nearby villages.

246
22nd August
Hurricane Andrew
  • 1992 This storm attained hurricane status on
    the 22nd and later intensified in a category 5.
    It caused 26.5 billion (1992 values) and
    reached maximum wind speeds of 175 mph.

247
23rd August
Chinese quake
  • 1976 An earthquake in China measuring 6.4
    killed 41 people.

248
24th August
Vesuvius erupts
  • 79 A.D. Vesuvius, Italy. 16000 killed by Ash
    falls and Pyroclastic Flows. This was the famous
    Pompeii eruption.
  • 1992 Hurricane Andrew strikes USA. Andrew caused
    23 deaths in the United States and three more in
    the Bahamas. The hurricane caused 26.5 billion
    in damage in the United States, of which 1
    billion occurred in Louisiana and the rest in
    south Florida.

249
25th August
Chinese quake
  • 2006 An earthquake measuring 5.0 struck China
    killing one person.

250
26th August
Krakatoa eruption kills 40 000
  • 1883 Indonesia -- Tsunami caused by the
    eruption/collapse of the volcano Krakatoa.
    Almost 40,000 people died

251
27th August
Hurricane Carol
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol caused the deaths of 86
    people and 460 million in damages (3.5 billion
    2007 value). It affected the Bahamas and parts of
    the east coast of the USA and southern Quebec.

252
28th August
Hurricane Katrina
  • 2005 Hurricane Katrina reached maximum wind
    speeds on the morning of Sunday August 28th of
    175 mph which confirmed it as a category 5.

253
29th August
Hurricane Francelia
  • 1969 Hurricane Francelia moved through the
    Caribbean into Central America causing the
    deaths of approximately 100 people.

254
30th August
Avalanche
  • 1965 An avalanche formed from parts of the
    Allalin glacier breaking loose, killed 12 men
    working on the Mattmark Dam construction site in
    Switzerland.

255
31st August
t
  • 1975 Hurricane Doris formed over the
    north-central Atlantic with maximum wind speeds
    of 105 mph. It did not make landfall.

256
September Please select a date
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257
1st September
The Great Kanto earthquake
1923 An earthquake measuring 7.9 struck Kanto,
Japan killing 142,000 people (Great Kanto
earthquake). Many of the victims were killed by
the raging fires. One third of Tokyo was levelled
during the earthquake and resulting fires. 2006
Magnitude 6.8 earthquake occurs in Papua New
Guinea 1976 11,500 standpipes were installed
in Yorkshire due to low levels in the reservoirs
resulting from the longest period of drought in
80 years.
258
2nd September
Labour Day Hurricane
1935 This category 5 hurricane severely
affected the Florida Keys killing an estimated
409 people. 244 are known dead and 165 were
missing. A pressure reading of 892 mb was
recorded. Wind speeds approached 200 mph
259
3rd September
Largest hailstone
  • 1970 Measuring 17.5 inches (44.5 cm) around,
    the largest hailstone fell in Coffeyville,
    Kansas, on September 3, 1970. It weighed 1.67
    pounds (0.76 kg), a weight to avoid when it
    falls from the sky!

260
4th September
Hurricane Felix
2007 Hurricane Felix attained category 5 status
on this days with wind speeds of 175 mph. It
caused the direct deaths of 130 people, mainly
in Central America.
261
5th September
1958 The largest hailstone recorded in the
British Isles weighed 142 grams (5 oz) and
occurred at Horsham, West Sussex. Certainly
anything approaching golf-ball size is
remarkable, but hailstones can grow large enough
to dent cars, shatter greenhouses and even
injure people.
262
6th September
Hurricane Dog
1950 Hurricane Dog developed into a category 5
storm on 6th September and was the most intense
storm of the 1950 Atlantic hurricane
season. 1975 An earthquake measuring 6.7
killed 2311 people in Turkey.
263
7th September
Hurricane Easy
1950 Hurricane Easy developed into a category 5
on 7 September and eventually made landfall in
Florida. 1999 An earthquake measuring 6.0
struck Greece killing 143 people.
264
8th September
Galveston Storm
1990 Also known as the Labour Day hurricane,
this was the deadliest hurricane to strike the
U.S.A. It made landfall in Galveston, Texas.
This hurricane claimed more than 8000 lives when
the storm surge engulfed Galveston.
265
9th September
Earthquake
2005 An earthquake measuring 7.7 struck Papua
New Guinea.
266
13th September 1922
Highest recorded temperature
  • 1922 The temperature reached a fiery 136F
    (about 58C) at Al Aziziyah, Libya, in Africa.

267
14th September
Hurricane Gilbert 1988
1988 Hurricane Gilbert made landfall at Cozumel,
Mexico. A pressure reading of 888mb was
recorded. This category 5 hurricane produced
wind speeds near 185 mph
268
15th September
Highest wave formed during a hurricane
  • 2004 Hurricane Ivan produced a 52-foot wave on
    this day.

269
16th September
Iran earthquake
1978 An earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter
scale struck the town of Tabas. Over 26, 000
people died.
270
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