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How did WWI start?

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How did WWI start? Assassination: A leading cause of the great war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary Mutual defense alliances: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How did WWI start?


1
How did WWI start?
Assassination A leading cause of the great war
was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
of Austria-Hungary
Mutual defense alliances -Russia and
Serbia -Germany and Austria-Hungary -France and
Russia -Britain and France and Belgium -Japan and
Britain
Nationalism Much of the origin of the war was
based on the desire of the Slavic peoples in
Bosnia and Herzegovina to no longer be part of
Austria-Hungary but instead be part of Serbia.
Militarism As the world entered the 20th century,
an arms race had begun. By 1914, Germany had the
greatest increase in military buildup. Great
Britain and Germany both greatly increased their
navies in this time period.
Imperialism Before World War 1, Africa and parts
of Asia were points of contention (argument)
amongst the European countries. This was
especially true because of the raw materials
these areas could provide. The increasing
competition and desire for greater empires led to
an increase in confrontation that helped push the
world into World War I.
http//americanhistory.about.com
2
World War I
  • 1914 World War I began, but the U.S. remained
    neutral (stayed out of the war).
  • 1917 - German submarines sank ship (the
    Lusitania) carrying American passengers. This
    forces the U.S. into the war! In April, President
    Woodrow Wilson officially declares war against
    Germany.

3
The Lusitania
4
Lusitania HeadlinesNY Times
5
The Zimmerman Telegram
  • German diplomat, Arthur Zimmerman, sent a
    secret-code telegram to Mexico.
  • In telegram, Germany promised to help Mexico
    regain its lost territories of Texas, Arizona,
    and New Mexico in exchange for its support.
  • News reaches the U.S. and Texas they are
    furious!

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Texas and World War I
  • About 200,000 U.S. troops are Texans. 25 are
    African Americans.
  • Texas is excellent for training troops
    because of wide open spaces and
    many connecting railroad networks.
  • Training camps include
  • 1. Kelly Field in San Antonio worlds
    largest flight
    training school
  • 2. Camp Logan near Houston
  • 3. other camps in Waco, Fort Worth, San
  • Antonio

8
Rainbow Division
The 42 division of Texas was know as the
rainbow division due to the diversity of the
men. Organized in 1917 it was the first National
Guard division to go overseas, it was composed of
National Guard Units from 26 States, (Texas
furnishing about 18,000 men). At first it was
commanded by Major General John Greble but then
given to Chief of Staff Major Douglas MacArthur.
During training in the United States, they were
trained in trench warfare, but mostly fought on
the field. When the division landed in France
they were not only short on equipment but also
short in numbers and strength, having landed with
fifteen hundred less men. During their 457 days
of service, they had 264 days of combat
operations and in total lost about 12,000 men
http//www.texasmilitaryforcesmuseum.org
9
Texas Soldiers in the War
  • The War caused significant changes for Texas
    soldiers.
  • 1. many got health and dental care for
    the first time.
  • 2. many had never before traveled outside
    of Texas.
  • 3. many received more education and
    specialized training.

10
Texans Support the War at Home
  • Texans encouraged to Do your bit at home to
    support troops by
  • buying war bonds and
  • liberty loans
  • 2. buying war stamps
  • 3. giving to the Red Cross
  • 4. ration food supplies

11
Economic Impact on Texas
  • Women began to join the workforce to help
    manufacture the products needed for war.
  • Food was rationed, or limited
  • wheatless Mondays and Wednesdays
  • meatless Tuesdays
  • porkless Thursdays and Saturdays
  • fat and sugar conserved every day

12
Wartime Prosperity in Texas
  • Businesses, industries, farmers, and ranchers
    prospered during the War because they produced
    many things for the troops.
  • Items included
  • 1. cotton and wool tents, uniforms
  • 2. leather boots
  • 3. meat/grain food supplies
  • 4. petroleum industry gas, lubricants
    for machinery
  • Farmers, ranchers went into debt to expand farms
    for wartime production.

13
Social Impact
  • Nearly 500 Texas women served as WWI nurses.
  • Approximately 5,000 Texans gave their lives in
    WWI service.
  • Texans on the home front
  • Rationed
  • Sacrificed comforts
  • Volunteered for the Red Cross

14
Results of WWI
-Deaths 116,526 (U.S.) -The Allied Powers
(U.S., Britain, France, Italy, Japan) defeated
the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary,
Ottoman Empire) after four long years of fighting
(1914-1918). -A League of Nations was formed to
help prevent a future world war (which failed).
The United Nations after WWII succeeded. -Indepen
dent republics of Austria, Czechoslovakia,
Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, and Turkey were
formed. -The Communist Bolsheviks took power in
Russia in 1917 and formed the Soviet Union.
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"The Americans who went to Europe to die are a
unique breed.... (They) crossed the seas to a
foreign land to fight for a cause which they did
not pretend was peculiarly their own, which they
knew was the cause of humanity and mankind. These
Americans gave the greatest of all gifts, the
gift of life and the gift of spirit."
- Woodrow Wilson President of the United States
1913 to 1921
21
Ku Klux Klan
  • Ku Klux Klan was a secret anti-minority
    organization formed during Reconstruction very
    resistant to ongoing changes in society
  • Used violence against victims (African Americans,
    Jews, Catholics)
  • 1920s very influential in Texas politics
  • Many Texans fed up with Klans violence and
    elected anti-Klan Miriam Ma Ferguson as
    Governor. First woman to be elected Governor in
    Texas!

22
KKK Washington D.C. March in 1925
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Urban Texas
  • 1920s - Texas changed from a rural, agricultural
    state to an urban one in which people had more
    leisure time.
  • Most homes now had
  • 1. electricity, phone service
  • 2. refrigerators, electric appliances
  • 3. washing machines, irons, vacuums

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Houston 1928 looking Northwest
27
Houston Main Street _at_ Texas Avenue late
1920s
28
San Jacinto High School vs. Reagan High School
Football Game - 1928
29
Women and Equality
  • 1920s living, working conditions improved for
    most white women in Texas limited jobs,
    opportunities remained for African, Mexican
    American women.
  • More women entered politics now. Jane McCallum
    held powerful posts in Democratic Party and was
    Texas Secretary of State under 2 governors.

30
On-Level Questions
  1. How many Texans fought in WWI? How many died in
    WWI?
  2. Why was Texas a good location for military
    training camps?
  3. Describe 4 ways that Texans supported the War on
    the home front.
  4. How did WWI change the lives of soldiers for the
    better?
  5. How did WWI affect African-American soldiers?
  6. Describe ways that WWI helped increase wartime
    prosperity for farmers, ranchers, oil and gas and
    lumber industries. (be specific to each
    profession and/or industry)
  7. Who was the Ku Klux Klan and what did they
    support/who were they against?
  8. Who was the first woman elected as governor of
    Texas and when was she elected?
  9. What kind of improvements at home did most Texans
    experience in the 1920s?
  10. How did the 1920s affect most women at work and
    home? What effects did they have on
    African-American, Mexican-American women?

31
Pre-AP Questions
  1. How many Texans fought in WWI? How many died in
    WWI?
  2. Why were so many military training installations
    located in Texas?
  3. Describe 6 things that Texans did to support the
    War on the home front.
  4. Describe 4 examples of how WWI changed the lives
    of soldiers.
  5. Describe 3 examples of how WWI affected
    African-American soldiers.
  6. How were African-American soldiers treated in
    Europe?
  7. Describe ways that WWI helped increase wartime
    prosperity for farmers, ranchers, oil and gas and
    lumber industries.
  8. Describe how and why the Ku Klux Klan became so
    powerful in Texas in the 1920s.
  9. Who was the first woman governor of Texas and
    when was she elected? How was the KKK influential
    in her winning the election?
  10. How did population changes affect Texas in the
    1920s?
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