The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires 1450-1750 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires 1450-1750

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The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires ... jizya Urdu became official language Art and architecture flourished Delhi sacked by Persians ... The Taj Mahal (1632-1653 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires 1450-1750


1
The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires1450-1750
2
Overview
  • All began w/Turkic nomadic culture
  • All formed in wake of Mongols
  • All contributed to artistic, cultural renaissance
    in Islam
  • All spread Islam to new regions
  • All were great military, political powers
  • All built empires based on use of firearms
    (Gunpowder Empires)

3
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4
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5
Ottomans
  • Original power base-NW Turkey
  • Expanded west into Byzantine Empire, Balkans
  • Captured Constantinople in 1453-renamed Istanbul

6
Ottoman Cannon- Wow, look at the size of that
thing!
7
Want the Hagia Sophia to become a mosque? Just
add minarets.
8
  • Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Arabia all brought under
    Ottoman control (use of janissaries)
  • Siege of Vienna failed-twice, limiting Ottoman
    expansion in Europe

Siege of Vienna
9
Ottoman Rule
  • Sultan was hereditary monarch
  • Extensive bureaucracy established (viziers,
    pashas, etc.)
  • Sharia law applied to Ottoman domains (ulema)
  • Religiously tolerant, but non-Muslims paid jizya

Suleiman the Magnificent
10
Decline
  • Began by 1700
  • Problem of overexpansion
  • Bureaucracy became corrupt
  • Sultans became isolated
  • Failure to respond to challenge of Europeans
  • Struggled on until broken up by Euros in 1923

Corrupting Western influence
11
Safavids
  • Founded by (Shah) Ismail Safavi in 1501
  • Shia, not Sunni
  • Empire reached apex under Shah Abbas
  • New capital established in Isfahan

12
Isfahan, Iran
13
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14
The Masjid-i Shah,
Isfahan (1612-37)
15
  • All challenges to Shia Islam suppressed
  • Benefited as a crossroad of trade
  • Declined after 1629-succession problems
  • Afghans took Isfahan-1726 (religious and secular
    power remained separate)

16
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17
Mughals
  • Empire founded by Babur in 1526
  • Akbar brought most of India under his rule
  • -Married a Rajput
  • -Ended jizya
  • Urdu became official language
  • Art and architecture flourished

18
  • Delhi sacked by Persians in 1739
  • Mughal Empire continued in name only
  • British influence increasingly important after
    1750

19
The Taj Mahal (1632-1653) built by Shah Jahan as
a mausoleum for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal
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