Gunpowder Empires - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Gunpowder Empires PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 59ac1d-YTA1M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Gunpowder Empires

Description:

Gunpowder Empires 1450-1750 Land Based Power Europe s empires built on sea power Asian empires land-based power around might of gunpowder Ottomans, Safavids ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:205
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 21
Provided by: CobbCounty838
Learn more at: http://waltonhigh.typepad.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Gunpowder Empires


1
Gunpowder Empires
  • 1450-1750

2
Land Based Power
  • Europes empires built on sea power
  • Asian empires land-based power around might of
    gunpowder
  • Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals, Ming and Qing, and
    Russia
  • Finally able to conquer nomad groups

3
Muslim Empires
  • Ottoman, Safavid, Mughal
  • Emerged from central steppe nomads
  • All had Absolute monarchs who modeled their
    courts after early Islamic empires

4
(No Transcript)
5
Ottoman Empire
  • Modern day Turkey
  • 1st people to use cannons offensively
  • Large army of mounted and foot soldiers, Powerful
    navy
  • Sultan with large bureaucracy, top official was
    grand vizier
  • Suleiman the Magnificent most famous ruler
  • Much trade, due to location
  • Mostly Sunni, but diversity of people and
    religions
  • More equality for women
  • Constantinople, highly sophisticated capital

Suleiman
6
Safavid Empire
  • East of Ottoman, modern Iran
  • Belief that Hidden Imam descendant of Ali would
    return to rule
  • Ruler stand-in until then
  • Strong army with firearms
  • Little trade
  • Patriarchal
  • Mostly Shiite, forced conversion in 16th Century
    by Ismail

7
Mughal Empire
  • Modern day Pakistan, Afghanistan, and N. India
  • Strong military
  • Muslim rulers with centralized power
  • Muslim authority over rebellious Hindu Pop.
  • Akbar most famous ruler, tried to reconcile
    faiths
  • Limited trade
  • Land grant system based on military service
  • New faith Sikhism blend of Islam and Hinduism

8
Decline of Muslim Empires
  • Inadequate transportation and communication
    larger empires grew, harder they were to control
  • Unruly warrior elites, inadequate bureaucracies
    Military knew they were important, so often acted
    apart from the govt
  • Rise of European rivals European countries
    smaller so mobilization of human and natural
    resources easier, also closeness led to more
    competition so they were spurred to new
    technologies and reforms

9
Russia
  • Little contact with rest of Europe
  • Eastern Orthodox
  • 1480 Ivan III (the Great) ousted the last of the
    Mongols
  • Russia was left weak, but expanded under Ivan III
    and Ivan IV (the terrible)
  • Expanded to Poland and across Siberia
  • Pioneers called Cossacks sent to new territories,
    taking land
  • Ivan IV died with no heir, so Romanovs took over
    in 1613 (until 1917)
  • Russian nobles, Boyars, selected the new Tsar,
    Mikhail

10
Peter the Greatr. 1682-1725
  • Went to western Europe to gain aid against Turks,
    became fascinated with Western European
    technology science
  • Fought with Sweden for a port on the Baltic
  • Rebuilt his capital at St. Petersburg
  • Boyars had to shave and adopt Western dress
  • Brought French ballet to Russia and allowed elite
    women to public events
  • Stayed Absolute Monarch (did not adopt
    Enlightenment ideas)
  • Continued serfdom (virtual slavery) and
    controlled subjects through a secret police

Peters Palace in Moscow
11
Expansion of Peter the Great
12
Ming and Qing China
  • Ming 1368-1644, replaced Yuan, brought peace and
    stability
  • China mostly closed to foreigners
  • Scholar-gentry and civil-service exams returned
  • Junks Zheng He, to show off wealth and power of
    Middle Kingdom
  • Pirates kept them out of the ocean
  • Repaired Great Wall and Canals
  • Jesuits sent to Convert, allowed to remain
    because they knew science and technology
  • Europeans restricted to coast
  • Emperor lived in Forbidden City, eventually
    became too involved in pleasure, overthrown

13
Qing Dynasty1644 - 1911
  • Known as Manchus, conquered from the North
  • Doubled the size of China
  • Traded with Russia
  • Population began to grow due to new crops Sweet
    and white potatoes, Maize, peanuts
  • Last Dynasty (yay! You know them all!!)

Grrr.
14
Expansion under Qing
15
Tokugawa Shogunate
  • Jesuits converted over 300,000, Japan felt must
    consolidate under a powerful shogun, Tokugawa
    Ieyasu
  • 1606 Christianity outlawed, executed
  • Japanese forbidden to travel overseas
  • Europeans not allowed in (except Dutch)
  • Guns virtually banned
  • Agriculture flourished
  • Power in hands of Samurai class
  • Capital at Edo, now Tokyo

16
Under Tokugawa
  • To maintain control, Daimyos had to go to Edo
    every other year (this meant the Tokugawa had
    direct control over 50 always)
  • Needed permission to marry or build
  • Class structure (4 classes)
  • Samurai (with Daimyo) sword and topknot
  • Farmers made food
  • Artisans made stuff
  • Merchants lowest, made nothing

17
Reconquista
  • Mid 15th Century Spain united with Marriage of
    Fernando of Aragon and Isabel of Castile
  • This led to three important things
  • Reconquista (Reconquest) of former Muslim
    territory
  • Expulsion of Jews, led to severe economic
    problems because they were educated and skilled
  • Voyage of Columbus

18
Vocabulary
  • Boyars
  • Cossacks
  • Manchus
  • Jesuits
  • Janissaries
  • Reconquista
  • Mughal Empire
  • Tokugawa Shogunate
  • mercantilism

19
Dailies Gunpowder Empires
  • 1. What were the 3 gunpowder Empires?
  • 2. How were they different from the European
    Empires?
  • 3. Describe religion in the Mughal Empire? Who
    were the Sikhs?
  • 4-5. Give two reason that the gunpowder empires
    declined.

20
Dailies Ming and Qing
  • Who were the Jesuits?
  • Why did the Chinese allow the Jesuits into China?
  • Who were the Qing (where were they from)?
  • Why were guns banned in Japan?
  • Describe the Reconquista.
About PowerShow.com