Cultural Characteristics of the Middle East - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Cultural Characteristics of the Middle East PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 81d922-OTEzZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Cultural Characteristics of the Middle East

Description:

Cultural Characteristics of the Middle East Background Arab peoples make up almost the entire populations of Jordan, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, and other states of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:63
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: CobbCoun1373
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Cultural Characteristics of the Middle East


1
Cultural Characteristics of the Middle East
2
Background
  • Arab peoples make up almost the entire
    populations of Jordan, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, and
    other states of Southwest Asia.
  • Arab culture has a long history and rich
    traditions.
  • Many other cultures also live in the region.

3
Background
  • Christianity and Judaism are major religions
    practiced in Southwest Asia.
  • Most people there are Muslims.
  • This means that they practice the religion of
    Islam.
  • Ninety percent of people in the region are
    Muslims.

4
Arab
  • Arabs comprise most of the population of
    Southwest Asia.
  • However, many Arabs also live in Northern Africa,
    Canada, Europe, and the United States.
  • Most Arabs practice Islam and speak Arabic.
  • Small numbers of Arabs practice other religions.

5
Arab
  • Islam consists mostly of two different groups.
  • The majority of Muslims practice Sunni Islam.
  • Most others practice Shia Islam.
  • Sunnis and Shia disagree about who is in charge
    of the Muslim world.

6
Jewish
  • Israel is home for much of the Jewish population
    in the Southwest Asia.
  • Many of the people who live in Israel today were
    born there.
  • However, the ancestors of these people moved to
    Israel from many other countries, often from
    other Southwest Asian countries.
  • Much of this migration happened during the 20th
    century, after the formation of Israel in the
    late 1940s.

7
Jewish
  • Jewish people differ in their religious beliefs,
    though most practice some form of Judaism.
  • For example, some Jews believe that Jewish people
    who convert to another religion should not be
    considered Jewish any more.
  • The Law of Return in Israel says that a Jew from
    any other country can automatically have
    citizenship in Israel.
  • Sometimes Jews who no longer practice Judaism
    have been denied the Law of Return.

8
Berber
  • Another minority group in the region are the
    Berbers.
  • Most Berbers live in North Africa and were the
    first group to settle that region.
  • They still live a traditional way of life today.
  • Berbers have their own languages.

9
Berber
  • Many Berber tribes live in the mountains and
    deserts.
  • Most Berbers living in mountainous areas are
    farmers.
  • Berbers who live in the desert tend to live near
    an oasis.
  • Berbers that do not farm are nomadic.

10
Berber
  • The majority of Berber tribes are Muslim.
  • Some Berbers practice other religions, too.
  • Traditional Berber cuisine has stayed the same
    for hundreds of years.

11
Bedouin
  • The Bedouin are another ethnic group.
  • They speak Arabic.
  • Many Bedouin used to be nomadic.
  • Their most important animal is the camel.
  • Now, the Bedouin live mostly in Saudi Arabia,
    Syria, Jordan, and Iraq.

12
Bedouin
  • Most Bedouin now live in cities and are not
    nomadic.
  • Bedouin tribes are ruled by tribal leaders called
    sheikhs. Most Bedouins practice Islam.
  • The Bedouin are well known for their dress and
    music, which is mostly sung.
  • Music is used to perform traditional Bedouin
    ceremonies.

13
Kurdish
  • Southwest Asia is also home to the Kurdish
    people.
  • The Kurds live in several countries throughout
    the region.
  • These include Turkey, Syria, Iraq, and Iran.
    Almost one-fifth of the population of Turkey is
    Kurdish.
  • Kurdish religion used to be made up of a mixture
    of several different religions.

14
Kurdish
  • Most Kurds today are Muslims.
  • Kurdish Muslims are usually less strict about
    certain Islamic practices.
  • There are fewer laws for how Kurdish women should
    dress than there are for Iranian and Arab women.
  • Kurds share many aspects of their culture with
    Iranians.

15
Turkish
  • The Turks are an ethnic group based on
    languageTurkish.
  • They live mostly in Turkey and Iran.
  • Most of the people who live in Turkey are of
    Turkish descent.
  • Most Turks practice some form of Islam.
  • Like Kurds, Turkish people are rarely strict
    about some Islamic practices.

16
Turkish
  • However, Kurds and Turks in Turkey often fight
    over issues not related to religion.
  • For example, education is a controversial issue
    between these two groups.
  • The Turkish people are well known for their
    architecture.
  • Mosques in Turkey are a good example of Turkish
    architecture.

17
Persian
  • The Persians are an ethnic group that lived in
    Iran before the arrival of Islam in the 7th
    century.
  • Persians make up about half of Irans current
    population.
  • They have their own language called Persian or
    Farsi.
  • Most Persians in Iran today practice Shia Islam,
    but some are Sunni and other religions.

18
Persian
  • Persian women have faced many challenges as a
    result of strict cultural and religious
    practices.
  • Through struggle, Persian women have increased
    their personal freedoms over the past forty
    years.
  • Persian art and architecture is also well known.
  • Many people consider Persian rugs to be among the
    finest in the world.

19
Literacy and Development
  • Education is free in many countries in the
    Southwest Asia.
  • Many students are required to attend school
    through high school.
  • Fighting often keeps students from showing up at
    school.
  • Many students also live so far from the schools
    that getting to school is difficult.
  • The literacy rates for people over fifteen years
    of age are 77 in Syria 79 in Iran 95 in
    Israel and 79 in Saudi Arabia.

20
Literacy and Development
  • The literacy rates in Israel are higher than in
    other Southwest Asian countries.
  • In all of these countries, more men tend to be
    able to read and write than women.
  • This is especially true in Syria, Iran, and Saudi
    Arabia.
  • Overall in some countries womens education is
    not valued as much as mens education.

21
Literacy and Development
  • Women receive a different education than men in
    some areas.
  • Literacy has a large impact on a countrys
    development.
  • For example, an increase in the literacy rate
    often leads to an increase in individual rights.
  • Literacy rates also have an impact on a countrys
    economy.

22
Summary
  • Describe the different ethnic groups that make up
    the Middle East.
  • How does literacy and education affect the Middle
    East?
About PowerShow.com