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Title: The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography 10th Edition Classroom Response System Questions Chapter 5


1
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2
The Cultural Landscape An Introduction to Human
Geography10th Edition Classroom Response
SystemQuestionsChapter 5
3
  • 05-01 Which of the following will encompass the
    largest number of speakers?
  • Language family
  • Language branch
  • Individual language
  • Dialect
  • Language group

4
  • 05-01 Which of the following will encompass the
    largest number of speakers?
  • Language family
  • Language branch
  • Individual language
  • Dialect
  • Language group
  • Explanation The categories are organized
    hierarchically family, branch, group, language,
    and dialect.

5
  • 05-02 Which of the following is not a Romance
    language?
  • French
  • German
  • Italian
  • Portuguese
  • Spanish

6
  • 05-02 Which of the following is not a Romance
    language?
  • French
  • German
  • Italian
  • Portuguese
  • Spanish
  • Explanation Germanic languages predominate in
    northern and central Europe.

7
05-02
8
  • 05-03 The oldest roots of the English language
    have been traced back to present-day
  • Belgium.
  • Canada.
  • Denmark.
  • Iceland.
  • Netherlands.

9
  • 05-03 The oldest roots of the English language
    have been traced back to present-day
  • Belgium.
  • Canada.
  • Denmark.
  • Iceland.
  • Netherlands.
  • Explanation Angles, Jutes, and Saxons invaded
    England from the their homes on the Danish
    peninsula.

10
05-03
11
  • 05-04 The relocation of the Nigerian capital
    from Lagos to Abuja
  • reflects tensions between rival groups.
  • reflects a cultural preference for inland
    sites.
  • was a direct order from the United Nations.
  • was undertaken to promote economic development.
  • The capital has not been relocated.

12
  • 05-04 The relocation of the Nigerian capital
    from Lagos to Abuja
  • reflects tensions between rival groups.
  • reflects a cultural preference for inland
    sites.
  • was a direct order from the United Nations.
  • was undertaken to promote economic development.
  • The capital has not been relocated.

13
05-04
14
  • 05-05 Complete the following analogy Argentina
    is to Spanish as
  • Brazil is to Portuguese.
  • Belize is to Portuguese.
  • Guyana is to Spanish
  • Suriname is to French
  • Panama is to English

15
  • 05-05 Complete the following analogy Argentina
    is to Spanish as
  • Brazil is to Portuguese.
  • Belize is to Portuguese.
  • Guyana is to Spanish
  • Suriname is to French
  • Panama is to English
  • Explanation Portuguese is the predominant
    language of Brazil just as Spanish is spoken in
    Argentina.

16
  • 05-06 A creolized language is a local language
    mixed with
  • another local language.
  • at least 20 percent slang.
  • the language of a colonial power.
  • English.
  • French.

17
  • 05-06 A creolized language is a local language
    mixed with
  • another local language.
  • at least 20 percent slang.
  • the language of a colonial power.
  • English.
  • French.
  • Explanation Creole languages develop due to the
    interchange of indigenous language(s) and the
    colonizers language.

18
  • 05-07 Complete the following analogy southern
    Europe is to Romance as
  • southwestern Europe is to Iberian.
  • eastern Europe is to West Germanic.
  • eastern Europe is to Balto-Slavic.
  • southeast Europe is to Greek.
  • northern Europe is to Celtic.

19
  • 05-07 Complete the following analogy southern
    Europe is to Romance as
  • southwestern Europe is to Iberian.
  • eastern Europe is to West Germanic.
  • eastern Europe is to Balto-Slavic.
  • southeast Europe is to Greek.
  • northern Europe is to Celtic.
  • Explanation Romance languages predominate in
    southern Europe as Balto-Slavic languages do in
    eastern Europe.

20
  • 05-08 In both the Kurgan and Anatolian theories
    of Indo-European, the language family spread via
    __________ diffusion.
  • contagious
  • expansion
  • hierarchical
  • relocation
  • stimulus

21
  • 05-08 In both the Kurgan and Anatolian theories
    of Indo-European, the language family spread via
    __________ diffusion.
  • contagious
  • expansion
  • hierarchical
  • relocation
  • stimulus

22
  • 05-09 Globally, todays predominant lingua
    franca is
  • Swahili.
  • Pidgin.
  • Creole.
  • French.
  • English.

23
  • 05-09 Globally, todays predominant lingua
    franca is
  • Swahili.
  • Pidgin.
  • Creole.
  • French.
  • English.
  • Explanation In part due to Britains colonial
    legacy, English is the worlds most popular
    lingua franca.

24
  • 05-10 Complete the following analogy Hindi is
    to India as
  • Austrian is to Austria.
  • Celtic is to Denmark.
  • Mandarin is to China.
  • Russian is to Ukraine.
  • Spanish is to the Philippines.

25
  • 05-10 Complete the following analogy Hindi is
    to India as
  • Austrian is to Austria.
  • Celtic is to Denmark.
  • Mandarin is to China.
  • Russian is to Ukraine.
  • Spanish is to the Philippines.
  • Explanation Hindi is the most spoken language in
    India as is Mandarin in China.

26
The Cultural Landscape An Introduction to Human
Geography10th Edition Classroom Response
SystemQuestionsChapter 6
27
  • 06-01 Which of the following is not a
    universalizing religion?
  • Buddhism
  • Christianity
  • Judaism
  • Islam
  • Sikhism

28
  • 06-01 Which of the following is not a
    universalizing religion?
  • Buddhism
  • Christianity
  • Judaism
  • Islam
  • Sikhism
  • Explanation Whereas universalizing religions
    actively seek converts, Judaism is an ethnic
    religion.

29
  • 06-02 Roman Catholicism predominates in which of
    the following areas?
  • Northern Europe
  • East Asia
  • Canada
  • South America
  • Australia

30
  • 06-02 Roman Catholicism predominates in which of
    the following areas?
  • Northern Europe
  • East Asia
  • Canada
  • South America
  • Australia
  • Explanation South Americas colonization by
    Spain and Portugal brought Roman Catholicism to
    the continent.

31
06-02
32
  • 06-03 Which of the following is not one of the
    five pillars of Islam?
  • Accept Allah as the one God
  • Donate to charities
  • Fast during the month of Ramadan
  • Make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem
  • Pray five times daily

33
  • 06-03 Which of the following is not one of the
    five pillars of Islam?
  • Accept Allah as the one God
  • Donate to charities
  • Fast during the month of Ramadan
  • Make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem
  • Pray five times daily
  • Explanation Pilgrimages are to be made to
    Makkah, not Jerusalem.

34
  • 06-04 In which region are the largest number of
    adherents to ethnic religions found?
  • Africa
  • East Asia
  • Eastern Europe
  • South America
  • North America

35
  • 06-04 In which region are the largest number of
    adherents to ethnic religions found?
  • Africa
  • East Asia
  • Eastern Europe
  • South America
  • North America
  • Explanation Several hundred million people in
    East Asia practice Confucianism, Daoism, and
    Shintoism.

36
  • 06-05 Christianity initially spread from
    Palestine by ___________ diffusion.
  • contagious
  • expansion
  • hierarchical
  • relocation
  • stimulus

37
  • 06-05 Christianity initially spread from
    Palestine by ___________ diffusion.
  • contagious
  • expansion
  • hierarchical
  • relocation
  • stimulus
  • Explanation Christianity initially diffused by
    the efforts of missionaries.

38
  • 06-06 Complete the following analogy Lumbini is
    to Buddhists as
  • Beijing is to Confucianism.
  • Bethlehem is to Jews.
  • Delhi is to Sikhs.
  • Makkah is to Muslims.
  • Tokyo is to Shintoism.

39
  • 06-06 Complete the following analogy Lumbini is
    to Buddhists as
  • Beijing is to Confucianism.
  • Bethlehem is to Jews.
  • Delhi is to Sikhs.
  • Makkah is to Muslims.
  • Tokyo is to Shintoism.
  • Explanation Among universalizing religions,
    Buddhism and Islam have the largest number of
    holy places.

40
  • 06-07 Complete the following analogy
    Christianity is to church as
  • Islam is to mosque.
  • Judaism is to synagogue.
  • Buddhism is to temple.
  • Bahai is to House of Worship.
  • All of the above are correct.

41
  • 06-07 Complete the following analogy
    Christianity is to church as
  • Islam is to mosque.
  • Judaism is to synagogue.
  • Buddhism is to temple.
  • Bahai is to House of Worship.
  • All of the above are correct.
  • Explanation Religious buildings are important
    parts of the cultural landscape. Christians alone
    consider their buildings to be sacred.

42
  • 06-08 As a result of the 1967 war, Israel
    captured which strategically important territory?
  • The coastal plain near Tel Aviv
  • The east bank of the Jordan River valley
  • The hills paralleling the coast and Jordan
    River
  • The desert oases of Saudi Arabia
  • None of the above is correct.

43
  • 06-08 As a result of the 1967 war, Israel
    captured which strategically important territory?
  • The coastal plain near Tel Aviv
  • The east bank of the Jordan River valley
  • The hills paralleling the coast and Jordan
    River
  • The desert oases of Saudi Arabia
  • None of the above is correct.
  • Explanation The land between the Mediterranean
    Sea and the Jordan River is divided into three
    regions coastal plain, highlands, and river
    valley.

44
06-08
45
  • 06-09 The caste system in India
  • places Shudras at the top of the hierarchy.
  • was created by the Aryan invaders of India.
  • does not affect how individual Hindus practice
    the religion.
  • is enforced by official government policies.
  • sees the untouchables as closest to
    enlightenment.

46
  • 06-09 The caste system in India
  • places Shudras at the top of the hierarchy.
  • was created by the Aryan invaders of India.
  • does not affect how individual Hindus practice
    the religion.
  • is enforced by official government policies.
  • sees the untouchables as closest to
    enlightenment.
  • Explanation The caste system has relaxed over
    the past several decades in the face of
    modernization.

47
  • 06-10 Which three religions have holy places in
    Jerusalem?
  • Islam, Judaism, Sikhism
  • Christianity, Hinduism, Islam
  • Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism
  • Christianity, Islam, Judaism
  • Christianity, Jainism, Judaism

48
  • 06-10 Which three religions have holy places in
    Jerusalem?
  • Islam, Judaism, Sikhism
  • Christianity, Hinduism, Islam
  • Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism
  • Christianity, Islam, Judaism
  • Christianity, Jainism, Judaism
  • Explanation These three monotheistic religions
    each lay claim to holy places in Jerusalem.

49
06-10
50
The Cultural Landscape An Introduction to Human
Geography10th Edition Classroom Response
SystemQuestions Chapter 7
51
  • 07-01 Which of the following states has the
    smallest percentage of African American
    residents?
  • Alabama
  • Georgia
  • Mississippi
  • South Carolina
  • West Virginia

52
  • 07-01 Which of the following states has the
    smallest percentage of African American
    residents?
  • Alabama
  • Georgia
  • Mississippi
  • South Carolina
  • West Virginia
  • Explanation African Americans are clustered in
    the South and in northern cities.

53
07-01
54
  • 07-02 Which of the following states has the
    smallest percentage of Hispanic residents?
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Maine
  • New Mexico
  • Texas

55
  • 07-02 Which of the following states has the
    smallest percentage of Hispanic residents?
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Maine
  • New Mexico
  • Texas
  • Explanation Hispanics are concentrated in the
    American Southwest.

56
07-02
57
  • 07-03 During the slavery era, the most likely
    destination for Africans captured by the
    Portuguese was
  • North America.
  • South America.
  • Caribbean.
  • Arabia.
  • Turkey.

58
  • 07-03 During the slavery era, the most likely
    destination for Africans captured by the
    Portuguese was
  • North America.
  • South America.
  • Caribbean.
  • Arabia.
  • Turkey.
  • Explanation The majority of Africans enslaved by
    the Portuguese were sent to Brazil.

59
07-03
60
  • 07-04 Which of the following is accurate about
    apartheid?
  • It included the creation of homelands for
    different groups.
  • The system classified people in one of two
    races.
  • French settlers created it in the 1800s.
  • South Africa still has places governed by this
    policy.
  • The policy was supported by most European
    countries in the 1980s.

61
  • 07-04 Which of the following is accurate about
    apartheid?
  • It included the creation of homelands for
    different groups.
  • The system classified people in one of two
    races.
  • French settlers created it in the 1800s.
  • South Africa still has places governed by this
    policy.
  • The policy was supported by most European
    countries in the 1980s.
  • Explanation Apartheid was instituted in the late
    1940s and classified South Africans as belonging
    to one of four groups.

62
07-04
63
  • 07-05 In the 1920s, this region best exemplified
    the concept of the nation-state
  • South America
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Middle East
  • Europe
  • Southeast Asia

64
  • 07-05 In the 1920s, this region best exemplified
    the concept of the nation-state
  • South America
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Middle East
  • Europe
  • Southeast Asia
  • Explanation Following the First World War, many
    European boundaries were redrawn to reflect the
    principles of nation-states.

65
  • 07-06 Which of the following is an example of a
    multinational state?
  • France
  • New York
  • Scotland
  • United Kingdom
  • Wales

66
  • 07-06 Which of the following is an example of a
    multinational state?
  • France
  • New York
  • Scotland
  • United Kingdom
  • Wales
  • Explanation The United Kingdom of Great Britain
    and Northern Ireland includes Scotland and Wales.

67
  • 07-07 Complete the following analogy
    centripetal is to centrifugal as
  • clustering is to spreading.
  • beginning is to ending.
  • rising is to falling.
  • shrinking is to growing.
  • None of the above is correct.

68
  • 07-07 Complete the following analogy
    centripetal is to centrifugal as
  • clustering is to spreading.
  • beginning is to ending.
  • rising is to falling.
  • shrinking is to growing.
  • None of the above is correct.
  • Explanation Nationalism is an important
    centripetal force. Centripetal is the opposite of
    centrifugal.

69
  • 07-08 Which of the following ethnic groups has
    the least representation in Lebanon?
  • Jews
  • Christians
  • Druze
  • Shiites
  • Sunnis

70
  • 07-08 Which of the following ethnic groups has
    the least representation in Lebanon?
  • Jews
  • Christians
  • Druze
  • Shiites
  • Sunnis
  • Explanation Lebanon is divided among Christians,
    Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims, and Druze.

71
07-08
72
  • 07-09 The conflict in Jammu and Kashmir pits
  • East Pakistan against West Pakistan.
  • India against Bangladesh.
  • India against Pakistan.
  • Sikhs against Hindus.
  • Sinhalese against Tamils.

73
  • 07-09 The conflict in Jammu and Kashmir pits
  • East Pakistan against West Pakistan.
  • India against Bangladesh.
  • India against Pakistan.
  • Sikhs against Hindus.
  • Sinhalese against Tamils.
  • Explanation Jammu and Kashmir is partitioned
    along the Line of Control by Pakistan and
    India.

74
07-09
75
  • 07-10 Since 1991 in the Balkans, the most severe
    ethnic cleansing has been committed by
  • Bosnians.
  • Croats.
  • Macedonians.
  • Serbs.
  • Slovenes.

76
  • 07-10 Since 1991 in the Balkans, the most severe
    ethnic cleansing has been committed by
  • Bosnians.
  • Croats.
  • Macedonians.
  • Serbs.
  • Slovenes.
  • Explanation Serbs aggressively pushed other
    groups out of territory in Bosnia and Kosovo.

77
07-10
78
The Cultural Landscape An Introduction to Human
Geography10th Edition Classroom Response
SystemQuestions Chapter 8
79
  • 08-01 Which country controlled the most colonial
    territory in 1914?
  • United States
  • Japan
  • Germany
  • France
  • United Kingdom

80
  • 08-01 Which country controlled the most colonial
    territory in 1914?
  • United States
  • Japan
  • Germany
  • France
  • United Kingdom
  • Explanation On the eve of the first World War,
    Britain controlled an empire that stretched
    across the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia.

81
08-01
82
  • 08-02 Complete the following analogy a compact
    state is to circular as
  • a prorupted state is to extended.
  • a perforated state is to pierced.
  • an elongated state is to narrow
  • fragmented state is to pieces.
  • All of the above are correct.

83
  • 08-02 Complete the following analogy a compact
    state is to circular as
  • a prorupted state is to extended.
  • a perforated state is to pierced.
  • an elongated state is to narrow
  • fragmented state is to pieces.
  • All of the above are correct.
  • Explanation The worlds states can be classed
    into five basic shapes, each with its own
    characteristics.

84
  • 08-03 In terms of the classification of state
    shapes, Chile can best be described as a(n)
  • compact state.
  • elongated state.
  • fragmented state.
  • prorupted state.
  • rectangular state.

85
  • 08-03 In terms of the classification of state
    shapes, Chile can best be described as a(n)
  • compact state.
  • elongated state.
  • fragmented state.
  • prorupted state.
  • rectangular state.
  • Explanation Chile occupies the long, thin
    portion of land between the Pacific Ocean and the
    Andes Mountains.

86
  • 08-04 The largest number of landlocked states
    are found in
  • Africa.
  • East Asia.
  • the Middle East.
  • Southeast Asia.
  • South America.

87
  • 08-04 The largest number of landlocked states
    are found in
  • Africa.
  • East Asia.
  • the Middle East.
  • Southeast Asia.
  • South America.
  • Explanation Africas landlocked states are a
    colonial legacy. International trade is hindered
    when a country does not have access to the ocean.

88
  • 08-05 Libya and Egypt are separated by a
  • desert boundary.
  • language boundary.
  • mountain boundary.
  • religious boundary.
  • river boundary.

89
  • 08-05 Libya and Egypt are separated by a
  • desert boundary.
  • language boundary.
  • mountain boundary.
  • religious boundary.
  • river boundary.
  • Explanation Desert boundaries are found
    throughout Africa and Asia. Most desert frontiers
    have been converted to boundaries because of the
    potential for valuable minerals deposits.

90
  • 08-06 A federal system of government
  • is most common in small countries.
  • places nearly all power with a central
    government.
  • was rejected by the writers of the United
    States Constitution.
  • divides power among units of governance.
  • is practiced in China.

91
  • 08-06 A federal system of government
  • is most common in small countries.
  • places nearly all power with a central
    government.
  • was rejected by the writers of the United
    States Constitution.
  • divides power among units of governance.
  • is practiced in China.
  • Explanation The number of federal states is
    growing, in part because the system is more
    flexible than a unitary state.

92
  • 08-07 In the United States, congressional
    district boundaries are usually drawn by
  • Congress.
  • an independent non-partisan commission.
  • the Federal Election Commission.
  • the Supreme Court.
  • state legislatures.

93
  • 08-07 In the United States, congressional
    district boundaries are usually drawn by
  • Congress.
  • an independent non-partisan commission.
  • the Federal Election Commission.
  • the Supreme Court.
  • state legislatures.
  • Explanation Unlike many countries, electoral
    district boundaries are redrawn every ten years
    to favor the political party in control of the
    state legislature.

94
  • 08-08 The United Nations
  • was founded in 1925.
  • currently has nearly 300 members.
  • has been less effective than the League of
    Nations.
  • places nearly all world power in the hands of
    the UN Secretary General.
  • has deployed troops around the world on
    peace-keeping missions.

95
  • 08-08 The United Nations
  • was founded in 1925.
  • currently has nearly 300 members.
  • has been less effective than the League of
    Nations.
  • places nearly all world power in the hands of
    the UN Secretary General.
  • has deployed troops around the world on
    peace-keeping missions.
  • Explanation The UN relies on member states to
    volunteer troops for peace-keeping missions. UN
    missions are underway in Europe, Africa, and the
    Middle East.

96
  • 08-09 At the end of the Cold War, several new
    countries emerged in
  • Eastern Europe.
  • Latin America.
  • Northern Europe.
  • North Africa.
  • Western Europe.

97
  • 08-09 At the end of the Cold War, several new
    countries emerged in
  • Eastern Europe.
  • Latin America.
  • Northern Europe.
  • North Africa.
  • Western Europe.
  • Explanation The demise of the Soviet Union and
    Yugoslavia resulted in over a dozen new countries.

98
08-09
99
  • 08-10 This group predominates in the far north
    of Iraq
  • Kurds
  • Persians
  • Shiites
  • Sunnis
  • Turkmen

100
  • 08-10 This group predominates in the far north
    of Iraq
  • Kurds
  • Persians
  • Shiites
  • Sunnis
  • Turkmen
  • Explanation The Kurds are among the worlds
    largest nations without a state of their own.

101
08-10
102
The Cultural Landscape An Introduction to Human
Geography10th Edition Classroom Response
SystemQuestions Chapter 9
103
  • 09-01 Regarding sector employment in MDCs and
    LDCs over the last 100 years, it is true that
  • the primary sector has increased in MDCs.
  • the tertiary sector has decreased in MDCs.
  • the primary sector has trended slightly lower
    in LDCs.
  • the tertiary sector has increased in LDCs.
  • the secondary sector has decreased in LDCs.

104
  • 09-01 Regarding sector employment in MDCs and
    LDCs over the last 100 years, it is true that
  • the primary sector has increased in MDCs.
  • the tertiary sector has decreased in MDCs.
  • the primary sector has trended slightly lower
    in LDCs.
  • the tertiary sector has increased in LDCs.
  • the secondary sector has decreased in LDCs.
  • Explanation Changes in agriculture and mining,
    e.g., engineered seeds, machinery, and
    irrigation, have begun to displace LDC workers
    from the primary sector.

105
09-01
106
  • 09-02 According to Rostows development model, a
    country with a lot of heavy industry that uses
    modern technology is in
  • stage 1, traditional society.
  • stage 2, preconditions to takeoff.
  • stage 3, takeoff.
  • stage 4, drive to maturity.
  • stage 5, age of mass consumption.

107
  • 09-02 According to Rostows development model, a
    country with a lot of heavy industry that uses
    modern technology is in
  • stage 1, traditional society.
  • stage 2, preconditions to takeoff.
  • stage 3, takeoff.
  • stage 4, drive to maturity.
  • stage 5, age of mass consumption.
  • Explanation Heavy industry is the hallmark of
    Rostows fourth stage.

108
  • 09-03 The self-sufficiency approach to
    development
  • has been supported by the United States.
  • relies on free trade with more developed
    countries.
  • has been the preferred approach for economic
    development over the last two decades.
  • frequently suffers from inefficiency.
  • relies on market forces with little guidance
    from government.

109
  • 09-03 The self-sufficiency approach to
    development
  • has been supported by the United States.
  • relies on free trade with more developed
    countries.
  • has been the preferred approach for economic
    development over the last two decades.
  • frequently suffers from inefficiency.
  • relies on market forces with little guidance
    from government.
  • Explanation Economies seeking self-sufficiency
    often suffer from the related problems of large
    bureaucracies and inefficiency.

110
  • 09-04 Which of the following is among the
    factors considered when calculating a countrys
    Human Development Index score?
  • average affluence rate
  • crude birth rate
  • literacy rate
  • sulfate emissions per capita
  • telephones per capita

111
  • 09-04 Which of the following is among the
    factors considered when calculating a countrys
    Human Development Index score?
  • average affluence rate
  • crude birth rate
  • literacy rate
  • sulfate emissions per capita
  • telephones per capita
  • Explanation A countrys HDI score is based on
    four factors GDP, literacy, education, and life
    expectancy.

112
09-04
113
  • 09-05 Foreign debt as a percentage of income is
    highest in
  • Africa.
  • East Asia.
  • Eastern Europe.
  • Middle East.
  • South America.

114
  • 09-05 Foreign debt as a percentage of income is
    highest in
  • Africa.
  • East Asia.
  • Eastern Europe.
  • Middle East.
  • South America.
  • Explanation While South American countries have
    accumulated the largest debts, the ratio of debt
    to annual income is highest in Africa.

115
09-05
116
  • 09-06 Which of the following is among the
    factors considered when calculating a countrys
    Gender Empowerment Measure?
  • number of women in elite professional sports
  • balance of women to men working as real estate
    agents
  • media image fairness
  • number of women elected to government
  • access to family planning and abortion

117
  • 09-06 Which of the following is among the
    factors considered when calculating a countrys
    Gender Empowerment Measure?
  • number of women in elite professional sports
  • balance of women to men working as real estate
    agents
  • media image fairness
  • number of women elected to government
  • access to family planning and abortion
  • Explanation GEM reflects womens access to power
    and decision making.

118
09-06
119
  • 09-07 Structural adjustment programs
  • promote greater transparency in government
    development planning and spending.
  • arrange for structural engineers to consult in
    LDCs.
  • are designed and implemented by community focus
    groups.
  • have been criticized for spending scarce
    development funds inefficient industries.
  • seek to align the interests of farmers and
    consumers through fair trade labeling.

120
  • 09-07 Structural adjustment programs
  • promote greater transparency in government
    development planning and spending.
  • arrange for structural engineers to consult in
    LDCs.
  • are designed and implemented by community focus
    groups.
  • have been criticized for spending scarce
    development funds inefficient industries.
  • seek to align the interests of farmers and
    consumers through fair trade labeling.
  • Explanation The IMF, World Bank, and MDCs
    commonly require structural adjustment programs
    before making or adjusting loans.

121
  • 09-08 In terms of economic sectors, Wal-Mart
    has an effect on the
  • primary sector as one of the largest purchasers
    of agricultural goods.
  • secondary sector because of the factories it
    owns around the world.
  • secondary sector because of the way it manages
    its farms, forests, and mines.
  • tertiary sector because of its recent expansion
    into steel and auto production.
  • tertiary sector because it pays higher wages
    than other service sector employers.

122
  • 09-08 In terms of economic sectors, Wal-Mart
    has an effect on the
  • primary sector as one of the largest purchasers
    of agricultural goods.
  • secondary sector because of the factories it
    owns around the world.
  • secondary sector because of the way it manages
    its farms, forests, and mines.
  • tertiary sector because of its recent expansion
    into steel and auto production.
  • tertiary sector because it pays higher wages
    than other service sector employers.
  • Explanation Wal-Mart, the second largest grocer
    in the U.S., has an effect on all three economic
    sectors.

123
  • 09-09 The Gender-Related Development Index is
    lowest in
  • East Asia.
  • Eastern Europe.
  • North America.
  • South America.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa.

124
  • 09-09 The Gender-Related Development Index is
    lowest in
  • East Asia.
  • Eastern Europe.
  • North America.
  • South America.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Explanation Like HDI, GDI combines measures of
    income, literacy, education, and life expectancy
    in order to discern where women are treated as
    well as men.

125
09-09
126
  • 09-10 All of the following statements about the
    World Trade Organization are true, except
  • it promotes capitalist economic development.
  • its member states account for roughly 70
    percent of world trade.
  • it seeks to lower tariffs.
  • it adjudicates accusations of unfair trade
    practices.
  • critics charge it is anti-democratic and
    compromises sovereignty.

127
  • 09-10 All of the following statements about the
    World Trade Organization are true, except
  • it promotes capitalist economic development.
  • its member states account for roughly 70
    percent of world trade.
  • it seeks to lower tariffs.
  • it adjudicates accusations of unfair trade
    practices.
  • critics charge it is anti-democratic and
    compromises sovereignty.
  • Explanation WTO members account for nearly 100
    of world trade.
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