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PRTR - a way for improvements for progressive industry and progressive society

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PRTR - a way for improvements for progressive industry and progressive society Sarajevo, 14th November 2014 RNDr. Jindrich Petrlik Arnika Toxics and Waste Programme – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PRTR - a way for improvements for progressive industry and progressive society


1
PRTR - a way for improvements for progressive
industry and progressive society
  • Sarajevo, 14th November 2014
  • RNDr. Jindrich Petrlik
  • Arnika Toxics and Waste Programme

2
Pollutant Release and Transfer Register - PRTR
  • Origin and history of PRTRs, why they were
    established
  • How it is build and how does it work
  • PRTR as win / win tool
  • How industry can turn the PRTR from chalenge to
    advantage
  • Sources of information and international context

3
History
1978 first PRTR in New Jersey 155
chemicals, 7000 reporting facilities 1986 TRI
and RTK in U.S. federal law 1991 UK 1993
Canada 2002 Czech Republic
4
Why was PRTR in USA created?
The TRI Program was created in response to
several events that raised public concern about
local preparedness for chemical emergencies and
the availability of information on hazardous
substances. On December 4, 1984, a cloud of
extremely toxic methyl isocyanate gas escaped
from a Union Carbide Chemical plant in Bhopal,
India. Thousands of people died that night in
what is widely considered to be the worst
industrial disaster in history. Thousands more
died later as a result of their exposure, and
survivors continue to suffer with permanent
disabilities. In 1985, a serious chemical release
occurred at a similar plant in West Virginia. In
1986, Congress passed the Emergency Planning and
Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA).
5
Bhopal disaster raised concerns about chemical
releases worldwide
On December 4, 1984, a cloud of extremely toxic
methyl isocyanate gas escaped from a Union
Carbide Chemical plant in Bhopal, India.
6
How are PRTR systems build up?
  • pollutants (from several tenths to several
    hundreds of chemicals)
  • facilities with duty to report into the PRTR
    (simple systems more complicated ones with
    restricted number of e.g. type and size of
    production, amount of chemicals used in
    production etc.)

7
How are PRTR systems build up? - Reporting
  • - every year for all releases and transfers per
    year
  • facilities calculate those and report them to
    ministry or environment agency
  • not all data need to be
    measured
  • (measured, expert estimate, calculation based on
    literature or other data)
  • verification of data (stays with
    ministries/agencies collecting data into PRTR)

8
PRTR - diagram
off site waste transfers
pollutants releases and transfers into the
environment
releases to air
waste disposal / landfilling
releases to land
transfers
energy use
transfers to landfills
????????? ???????
recycling
transfers to public waste water treatment plants
releases to water
transfers to public waste water treatment plants
underground injections
energy use
recycling
9
PRTR
  • Database of chemical releases and transfers from
    individual facilities across the country
  • Good PRTR
  • Chemically specific
  • Accessible to public (internet)
  • Every year reporting
  • Includes accidential releases
  • Covers waste stream (chemically specific
    reporting on wastes)
  • Includes on site as well as off site transfers
  • Covers all industry sectors and is specific on
    each facility releases and transfers

10
PRTR chemically specific (chemicals)
  • Examples releases to air
  • 100 kg of arsenic and
  • 50 kg of mercury
  • x (and/or)
  • 150 kg of heavy metals
  • Waste transfers
  • 1.5 kg of PCBs
  • and 100 kg of zinc

  • x (and/or)
  • 1100 kg of
    hazardous wastes

11
Czech PRTR (example data for formaldehyde
2013)
http//www.irz.cz
12
PRTR win / win tool for industry and society
  • Richard Royall from Xerox Company persented PRTRs
    advantages for industry during its presentation
    in the Czech Republic (2000). Besides economic
    savings it can be
  • - improvement of reputation among society
  • - elimination of bariers in communication with
    comunity in surrounding of facilities
  • - PRTR data prove that environment does matter
    for industrial facility
  • - engagement of population living near the
    industrial facilities
  • - basis for improvements of technology
  • - supports to measure effectivness of production
    and/or reduction of releases (of pollutants)
  • - improvement in efficiency of use of raw
    materials (you can discover unwanted leakage of
    chemicals used in production)
  • - ideas for innovative technologies

13
PRTR win / win tool for industry
An American company 3M was pushed by PRTR to
develop and implement its own programme called
Pollution Prevention Pays - 3P. At the end
they decreased waste production by 50 and total
savings were 600 millions of USD. Company has
implented 2500 projects in its affiliates in 20
countries worldwide leading e.g. to 92
decreased use of solvents in Netherlands.  
Based on US PRTR programme (TRI) 3M adopted even
more ambicious goal to reduce total releases of
chemicals by 90 with ultimate aim to reduce
emissions and transfer to technically feasible
minimum level.
14
PRTR use Toshiba case study
15
PRTR and Toshiba case study
Amounts of top five substances targeted for usage
reduction currently handled (Toshiba 2008)
Emmissions of top five substances targeted for
reduction (Toshiba 2008)
16
PRTR and Toshiba case study
Changes in the amount released of substances
subject to reduction (Toshiba 2008)
17
PRTR win / win tool for industry and society
  • US EPA established a programme called 33/50
  • 17 priority substances for reduction of their
    releases
  • voluntary agreement with industry to reduce those
    33 until the end of 1992 and 50 until the end
    of 1995 (baseline 1988 TRI data)
  • 1200 industrial companies got engaged in that
    programme

18
PRTR enhanced progressive changes in Trinecké
železárny steelworks
19
Releases of pollutants into the air from Trinecké
železárny steelworks (Czech republic)
20
Latest main projects addressing emissions to air
in Trinecké železárny steelworks
  • Dedusting of sinter plant n. 1
  • Desulfurization of coke oven gas
  • Reconstruction of dedusting skip pits
  • Dedusting of tippler no. 5 and no. 8
  • Modernization of coke oven battery no. 12
  • Since 1996 TŽ has invested around 200 mil. in
    environmental protection

21
Photo Secondary dedusting of oxygen converter
steel plant hall
22
Photo Dedusting of blast furnaces
23
Examples how the information from PRTR is usefull
at state level
  • Mercury releases and transfers Czech Republic

24
Examples how the information from PRTR is usefull
at state level
  • Arsenic releases to air and water, and transfer
    in wastes (Czech Republic)

25
Decreased emissions of dichloromethane PRTR
Czech Rep. former top-ten polluters winners
26
Decreased emissions of styrene after exposing
PRTR data (Czech Republic)
27
PRTRs information sources
  • Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) USA
  • http//www2.epa.gov/toxics-release-inventory-tri-p
    rogram
  • European PRTR
  • E-PRTR
  • OECD PRTR Task Force
  • http//www.oecd.org/chemicalsafety/pollutant-relea
    se-transfer-register/
  • Canada Pollution Watch (NGO site)
  • http.//www.pollutionwatch.org
  • Toshiba about PRTR
  • http//www.toshiba.co.jp/env/en/industry/prtr.htm
  • Arnikas English website
  • http//english.arnika.org/

28
International Context
  • PRTR Protocol to the Aarhus Convention
  • 1996 - OECD has developed a recommendation on
    PRTR
  • PRTR Protocol was agreed at Aarhus Convention COP
    May 21 - 2003 in Kiev
  • E-PRTR is a mirror of PRTR Protocol

29
PRTR and Stockholm Convention
  • Article 10, para 5
  • 5. Each Party shall give sympathetic
    consideration to developing mechanisms, such as
    pollutant release and transfer registers, for the
    collection and dissemination of information on
    estimates of the annual quantities of the
    chemicals listed in Annex A, B or C that are
    released or disposed of.

30
Jindrich Petrlik, executive director of Arnika
Toxics and Waste Programme, and co-chair of
Dioxin, PCBs and Waste Working Group of IPEN
(International POPs Elimination
Network) http//english.arnika.org/ http//www.ip
en.org Thank you for your attention
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