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Warm Up

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Title: Nationalism in E. Europe and Russia Author: gwynn.neagle Last modified by: Varghese, Rachel L. Created Date: 11/3/2009 4:59:34 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Warm Up


1
Warm Up
  • Analyze the map of Europe on p. 712 and read the
    segment on Italian music on p. 713. Answer the
    questions.

2
Italian Unification
  • Complete Italian Unification questions on
  • p. 192 in your manual (we will be grading this
  • in class).

Called the Resurgence
3
The Germans.
4
Nationalism and Unification
p. 195 in manual Complete the chart using Ch.
24, Sec. 1 2
Italy (review) Germany
Causes of Unification
State leading Unification
Leaders of Unification
Methods used to bring Unification
Who ruled newly unified nations
Aftermath of Unification
5
YOUR THOUGHTS..
  • Nationalism spreads throughout Europe it doesnt
    stop.
  • Why?
  • What is so powerful about Nationalism?

6
Nationalism in Eastern Europe and Russia
7
The Austrian Empire
  • ruled by Hapsburg family, multi-national empire
  • opposed to liberalism
  • no freedom of press
  • kept close watch on universities
  • revolutions of 1820, 1830, 1848 led to growing
    calls for independence, nationalism
  • Many ethnic groups
  • Hungarian Magyars largest minority ethnic group
  • Compromise of 1867
  • gave Hungary own constitution, parliament,
    capital
  • still part of empire
  • created dual monarchy Austria-Hungary
  • Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Franz
    Joseph I
  • problems b/c lots of other nation groups wanted
    recognition or independence

8
Ethnic Groups in Austria-Hungary
9
Nationalism in the Ottoman Empire
Use Ch. 24, Sec. 3 to complete this chart. The Ottoman Empire
The Eastern Question
The Crimea
The Balkans
Reforms to Nationalism
10
Check
  • 1. What was the Compromise of 1867?
  • 2. What was a long-term problem within the new
    Austria-Hungary dealing with minority groups?
  • 3. Before the Compromise of 1867, why was the
    Austrian government watching universities?
  • 4. Who was the Prussian leader who helped lead to
    a united Germany?
  • 5. What was this mans motto or theory on how to
    unite Germany?
  • 6. What two wars did this man fight in order to
    unite Germany?

11
Ottoman Empire
  • large multi-national empire in SE Europe, SW Asia
    (Middle East), declining since 1600s
  • European states worried about collapse of Ottoman
    Empire and rise of Russia gt Constantinople
  • Crimean War
  • dispute over access to Jerusalem/Holy Land
  • France, GB helped Ottoman Empire v. Russia,
    fought for 2 years, Most Unnecessary War in
    History
  • ended in stalemate, 500,000 deaths,
  • Florence Nightingale, famous nurse
  • Balkan Wars- European countries fighting for
    dominance
  • Ended w/ independence of Serbia,
  • Ended w/ Bosnia-Herzegovina annexed by Austria

12
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13
Crimean War
14
Russia
  • controlled most land (Europe into Asia), many
    ethnic groups
  • czars had absolute power, opposed Enlightenment
  • not much industrialization, mostly agricultural
    serfs
  • ideas of reform spread in Russia Decembrists
    tried to gain reforms, but captured/sent to
    Siberia by Nicholas I

15
Russian Reaction
  • Czar Alexander II- big reformer
  • 1861 freed serfs, gave them land in communes
    (wanted Market System)
  • new judicial system, some self-govt
  • reorganized army and navy
  • radical groups wanted more, assassinated
    Alexander II in 1881
  • Czar Alexander III-
  • strong personality, reversed fathers reforms
  • cracked down on revolutionary groups
  • Pograms

16
Alexander II
17
Nicholas II
  • Czar Nicholas II began industrialization
    (Trans-Siberian RR)
  • 1904- conflict w/ Japan, lost Russo-Japanese War
  • January 22, 1905- peaceful group of
    peasants/worker led by priest walked to czars
    palace w/ demands for reform
  • Bloody Sunday- Russian troops panicked and fired
    into crowd killing hundreds
  • shocked people of Russia, mass strikes, rebellion
    v. czar
  • Peasants rebelled against landlords, students
    protested in streets
  • Nicholas II issued October Manifesto
  • promised constitution,
  • individual liberties,
  • Duma elected legislative body
  • placated people for awhile, but Nicholas II
    wanted absolute power, soon took back reforms and
    closed Duma

18
Nicholas II
19
Bloody Sunday
20
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