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## Warm Up

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### 10-2 Volume of Prisms and Cylinders Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation Course 2 Warm Up Identify the figure described. 1. two triangular faces and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Warm Up

1
Warm Up
Problem of the Day
Lesson Presentation
2
Warm Up Identify the figure described. 1. two
triangular faces and the other faces in the shape
of parallelograms 2. one hexagonal base and the
other faces in the shape of triangles 3. one
circular face and a curved lateral surface that
forms a vertex
triangular prism
hexagonal pyramid
cone
3
Problem of the Day How can you cut the
rectangular prism into 8 pieces of equal volume
by making only 3 straight cuts?
4
Learn to find the volume of prisms and cylinders.
5
Vocabulary
volume
6
Any three-dimensional figure can be filled
completely with congruent cubes and parts of
cubes. The volume of a three-dimensional figure
is the number of cubes it can hold. Each cube
represents a unit of measure called a cubic unit.
7
Additional Example 1 Using Cubes to Find the
Volume of a Rectangular Prism
Find how many cubes the prism holds. Then give
the prisms volume.
You can find the volume of this prism by counting
how many cubes tall, long, and wide the prism is
and then multiplying.
1 4 3 12
There are 12 cubes in the prism, so the volume is
12 cubic units.
8
To find a prisms volume, multiply its length by
its width by its height.
4 cm 3 cm 1cm 12 cm3
length width height volume
area of base
height volume
9
Any unit of measurement with an exponent of 3 is
a cubic unit. For example, cm3 means cubic
centimeter and in3 means cubic inch.
10
Check It Out Example 1
Find how many cubes the prism holds. Then give
the prisms volume.
You can find the volume of this prism by counting
how many cubes tall, long, and wide the prism is
and then multiplying.
2 4 3 24
There are 24 cubes in the prism, so the volume is
24 cubic units.
11
The volume of a rectangular prism is the area of
its base times its height. This formula can be
used to find the volume of any prism.
VOLUME OF A PRISM
The volume V of a prism is the area of its base B times its height h. V Bh
12
Additional Example 2A Using a Formula to Find
the Volume of a Prism
Find the volume of the prism.
4 ft
4 ft
12 ft
V Bh
Use the formula.
The bases are rectangles.
The area of each rectangular base is 12 4 48
V 48 4
Substitute for B and h.
Multiply.
V 192
The volume of the prism is 192 ft3.
13
Additional Example 2B Using a Formula to Find
the Volume of a Prism
Find the volume of the prism.
V Bh
Use the formula.
The base is a triangle.
V 6 6
Substitute for B and h.
Multiply.
V 36
The volume of the prism is 36 cm3.
14
Check It Out Example 2A
Find the volume of the prism.
6 ft
6 ft
8 ft
V Bh
Use the formula.
The bases are rectangles.
The area of each rectangular base is 8 6 48
V 48 6
Substitute for B and h.
Multiply.
V 288
The volume to the nearest tenth is 288 ft3.
15
Check It Out Example 2B
Find the volume of the prism.
5 in
4 in.
1.5 in.
V Bh
Use the formula.
The base is a triangle.
V 3.75 4
Substitute for B and h.
Multiply.
V 15
The volume of the prism is 15 in3.
16
Finding the volume of a cylinder is similar to
finding the volume of a prism.
VOLUME OF A CYLINDER
The volume V of a cylinder is the area of its base, ?r2, times its height h. V ?r2h
17
Additional Example 3 Using a Formula to Find the
Volume of a Cylinder
Find the volume of a cylinder to the nearest
tenth. Use 3.14 for ?.
V ?r2h
Use the formula.
The radius of the cylinder is 5 m, and the height
is 4.2 m
V ? 3.14 52 4.2
Substitute for r and h.
V ? 329.7
Multiply.
The volume is about 329.7 m3.
18
Check It Out Example 3
Find the volume of a cylinder to the nearest
tenth. Use 3.14 for ?.
7 m
3.8 m
V ?r2h
Use the formula.
The radius of the cylinder is 7 m, and the height
is 3.8 m
V ? 3.14 72 3.8
Substitute for r and h.
V ? 584.668
Multiply.
The volume is about 584.7 m3.
19
Lesson Quiz Part I
Find how many cubes the prism holds. Then give
the prisms volume.
1.
2.
48 cubic units
792 cm3
20
Lesson Quiz Part II
3. A storage tank is shaped like a cylinder. Find
its volume to the nearest tenth. Use 3.14 for ?.
4,069.4 m3