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Warm Up

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Warm Up Zero-Sum Game' A situation in which one participant's gains result only from another participant's equivalent losses. Where have you seen an example of zero ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Warm Up


1
Warm Up
  • Zero-Sum Game' A situation in which one
    participant's gains result only from another
    participant's equivalent losses.
  • Where have you seen an example of zero-sum game?
    How does this tie into the tragedy of the
    commons?
  • Pick up 2 manila folders and 5 papers from the
    demo table

2
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3
Structure of assessment day
  • All students take level 1 as a practice test.
    Self grade. Record score
  • If you have 4 items on mastery list show Ms.
    Morris, put your backback and personal items
    along the back board. Come to Tables 6-9 with a
    pen/pencil ONLY
  • Take level 2 and 3 silently. Turn in.
  • If you are not assessing sit at tables 1-5. Not
    allowed to cross the border.

4
  • 1. E
  • 2. B
  • 3. B
  • 4.D
  • 5.B

5
Footprint
  • http//www.footprintnetwork.org/en/index.php/GFN/p
    age/calculators/

6
Pick up 2 papers from demo table
  • Add that assessments start next time if you have
    reading guide and essay completed
  • Share your R for the week or month
  • Reduce
  • Recycle
  • Reuse
  • Refuse

7
Easter Island, Greece, Lorax Essay
  • In a 5 paragraph essay pick 3 environmental
    issues shown in Easter Island, Greece, and the
    Lorax
  • Each of the 3 body paragraphs should
  • -include text-based evidence/quote
  • -an environmental issue
  • Conclusion should include
  • -solutions to 3 problems

8
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9
Warm Up
  • 1) How are you feeling about APES so far?
  • 2) Did you pick up your textbook? If not, set an
    alarm
  • 3) Hardin claimed there is a Tragedy of Commons
    What was his evidence?
  • Take out summer math, If you turned in work go
    to the Student Work to Return box

10
Summer Math--Decimals
  • Numbers 1-12
  • 1.678 2.456
  • 344.598 276.9
  • 1229.078 .0567
  • 45.937 13.43
  • 199.007 124.553
  • 90.3 32.679
  • 28.4 x 9.78
  • 324.45 x 98.4
  • 1256.93 x 12.38
  • 64.5 / 5
  • 114.54 / 34.5
  • 3300.584 / 34.67

11
Decimal Answers
Question 1 4.134
Question 2 621.498
Question 3 1229.1347
Question 4 32.507
Question 5 74.454
Question 6 57.621
Question 7 277.752
Question 8 31925.88
Question 9 15560.7934
Question 10 12.9
Question 11 3.32
Question 12 95.2
12
Take out PPT notes and video notesMINGLE OF MINDS
  • Tell your partner 3 important points from your
    notes, ask questions, have a discussion

13
Take out PPT notes and video notesMINGLE OF
MINDS
  • Tell your partner 3 important points from your
    notes

14
Easter Island
15
The moai (statues) pictured above are on Easter
Island (Rapa Nui) off the coast of Chile. The
island is famous for its statues, its remoteness,
as well as its ecological collapse. A once
thriving civilization of tens of thousands of
people built, moved, and erected the nearly 100
ton statues without the aid of modern technology.
However, that same civilization consumed too many
resources and left the island treeless, nearly
birdless, and fell into clan warfare and
starvation. The once mighty population dwindled
to less than a couple thousand by the 1700s
16
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17
Spilt or Steal Clip
18
Tragedy of the Commons
  • Garrett Hardin

19
FLT
  • I can demonstrate the tradegy of commons through
    performing and analyzing lab results

20
Garrett Hardin Economist
  • Authored essay in 1968 titled
  • The Tragedy of the Commons.
  • Focuses on
  • 1. environmental degradation 2.
    population growth
  • 3. limited natural resources
  • 4. privatization of land

21
What does commons mean?
  • Held in common means the resource is owned by
  • No oneor
  • Owned by a group
  • all who have access to the resource.

22
What are common resources?
  • Air! No one owns the air-avail to all
  • Water in oceans rivers is avail to all.
  • Fish of the sea avail to all.
  • Note First codified by Romans in 535 AD.

23
Common Resources
24
Common Resources
25
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26
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27
Imagine
  • Hardins parable involves a pasture "open to
    all."
  • He asks us to imagine the grazing of animals on a
    common ground.
  • Individuals are motivated to add to their flocks
    to increase personal wealth.

28
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29
Tragedy of the Commons
  • Every animal added to the total degrades the
    commons a small amount.
  • Although the degradation for each additional
    animal is small, the gain in wealth for the owner
    is greater.

30
Tragedy of the Commons
  • As selfish stewards, each owner adds another to
    their flock and the pasture.
  • If all owners follow this pattern the commons
    will ultimately be destroyed.

31
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32
Tragedy of the Commons
  • As a result, the commons were overgrazed and
    degenerated to the point that they were no longer
    able to support the villagers' cattle.
  • This failure of owner of these private lands to
    preserve the natural resources is known as "the
    tragedy of the commons."

33
Checking for Understanding
  • For the next 26 seconds, review 3 main points
    discussed in this Power Point

34
What is the tragedy?
  • We can avoid tragedy only by altering our
    values. Hardin, 1968
  • This means we can change the way we live
    (sustainably) by preserving our natural
    resourceseven in the private sector.

35
Sustainability
  • Meeting present needs of
  • todays populations
  • without compromising the
  • needs of future
  • generations.

36
Standards of Sustainability SEE
an extended social group having a distinctive
cultural and economic organization
Combination of all things factors external to
individuals or populations
Production Consumption Distribution
37
Questions?
  • How does Tragedy of the Commons ideas connect
    with the concept of sustainability? Explain.
  • Does the Commons reflect utilitarian
  • conservation or biocentric
  • preservation?
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