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Warm Up

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Title: Feudalism and Manor System Author: gwynn.neagle Last modified by: Varghese, Rachel L. Created Date: 9/24/2009 7:57:51 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Warm Up


1
Warm Up
  • Identifications (answers the 5 Ws)
  • for each of the below terms tell me
  • who they were (or who was involved),
  • what they did (what they were),
  • when they lived (when was it written),
  • where they lived/had influence,
  • and why they are significant)
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine
  • William the Conqueror
  • Charlemagne
  • Magna Carta

2
PresentationsMiddle Ages Raps/Songs!
3
Feudalism and Manor System
Medieval Manor The Peasant Crash Course The Dark
Ages
4
Feudalism
  • Feudalism a political and social system
  • -government structure and social class
    system
  • - nobles offer protection/land to vassals in
    return
  • for service
  • Vassal person who served the lord in the
    military or in the fields
  • Fief land given to vassal by lord
  • Armies generally made up of foot soldiers and
    knights

5
Feudalism- give and take system
king
vassal
vassal
vassal
vassal
vassal
vassal
vassal
vassal
vassal
Modern examples with a similar hierarchy Drug
cartels, Mafia, gangs, etc. The less important
guy MUST do what he is told to do by the guy
above him OR ELSE, but he is also protected by
his people/guys if someone from another group
picks on him. SAME CONCEPT! Except this was
literally the political and social structure/
government in the middle ages in Europe.
6
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7
Manor System
  • Innovations led to more efficient production
  • Water wheels for water/wind power (mills)
  • Iron tools hoe, axe, scythe, plowshare
  • Horses used in plowing
  • 3 field system crop rotation, fields divided
    into thirds instead of in half produced MORE b/c
    one field was left empty to allow nature to
    regenerate minerals in soil (see next slide)
  • Manor agricultural estate owned by lord and
    worked by peasants
  • Many free peasants became serfs peasants
    legally tied to the land (cant move away, no job
    opportunities)
  • Peasants paid lord part of crops, also paid 1/10
    to church

8
3 Field Crop Rotationand a Mill
9
Nobility
  • Nobles men with titles (lord, duke, earl, etc.)
    and land
  • Lots of political power
  • Chivalry
  • (from the French word chevalerie for horse
    soldier because only knights fought on
    horseback, the peasants had to walk to battle and
    fight on foot- thus knights and lords were
    recognizable to the peasants)
  • code of ethics/behavior knights lived by
  • Treat prisoners well
  • Fight for honor
  • Treat women well
  • Fight for your God
  • Lord of estate often at war so the lady ran
    estate
  • (food, finances, supplies for land, etc.)

10
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11
A Peasants Life
  • Lived in simple 1-2 room cottages
  • Mostly ate bread, vegetables, cheese
  • Clean water hard to get- drank ale (alcohol)
  • Followed cycles of field labor,
  • Most work in Fall (harvest)
  • Feast days Roman Catholic holidays to celebrate
    great events of faith
  • -no work, got to eat meat, be with
    friends/extended family

These are men pictured above. Try not to be
jealous of their clothes ?
12
Trade
13
Trade
  • w/ end of Viking raids, Muslim invasions into
    Europe (which we will come back to)
  • peace returned trade with it
  • Trade fairs meeting of merchants
  • Merchants demanded coins instead of bartering
    money economy
  • Began to have bankers to exchange money, etc.
  • Created commercial capitalism
  • economic system invested in trade/goods to make

14
Towns
  • merchants moved near trade routes
  • Needed protection
  • moved near castles
  • built walls around cities/towns
  • Narrow/winding/dark streets
  • houses hung over street
  • chamber pots (basically a pot people used the
    bathroom in) dumped out their windows and into
    the streetsbe careful where you walk ?
  • Fires b/c buildings made of wood until 14th C.
  • Smelled bad b/c of human/animal waste,
  • constant burning of wood/dung for businesses
  • Water polluted (butchers/tanners) relied on wells
  • Women helped husbands run businesses
  • took over if husband died

15
Towns
16
Industry and Guilds
  • Craftsmen organized into guilds business
    associations
  • Set quality of production, price, etc.
  • To join guild, there were steps you had to
    complete
  • Apprentice
  • Journeyman
  • Master (after masterpiece approved by guild)

17
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18
Town v. Manor
  • Write a one-page well-crafted essay in which you
    argue whether you would rather live in a medieval
    town or manor.
  • Try to convince us of your argument
  • State your facts to support your argument
  • Text- (manor life p. 384-386 towns 410-412)
  • ADD a visual
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