Political Parties - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation

Political Parties


Political Parties Chapter 8 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:2810
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 21
Provided by: EricM241


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Political Parties

Political Parties
  • Chapter 8

The Meaning of Party
  • Political Party
  • A team of men and women seeking to control the
    governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly
    constituted election.
  • Parties can be thought of in three parts
  • Party in the electorate
  • Party as an organization
  • Party in government

The Meaning of Party
  • Tasks of the Parties
  • Linkage Institution The channels through which
    peoples concerns become political issues on the
    governments policy agenda.
  • Parties Pick Candidates
  • Parties Run Campaigns
  • Parties Give Cues to Voters
  • Parties Articulate Policies
  • Parties Coordinate Policymaking

The Meaning of Party
  • Parties, Voters, and Policy The Downs Model
  • Rational-choice theory Assumes that individuals
    act in their own best interest, weighing the pros

The Party in the Electorate
  • These are the voters in an election.
  • Ticket-splitting
  • Voting for candidates of different parties.

Year Dem Ind Rep
1964 52.2 23 24.8
1976 40.2 36.8 23.0
1988 35.7 36.3 28.0
2000 34.8 41.0 24.2
The Party Organizations From the Grass Roots to
  • These are the people that work for the party.
  • Local Parties
  • Party Machines A type of political party
    organization that relies heavily on material
    inducements to win votes and to govern.
  • Patronage A job, promotion or contract given for
    political reasons rather than merit. Used by
    party machines.
  • Now local organizations are generally weak.

The Party Organizations From the Grass Roots to
  • The 50 State Party Systems
  • Closed voters must be registered with their
    party in advance and can only vote for that party
  • Open voters decide on election day which party
    to participate in, and then only that party
  • Blanket voters get a list of all candidates and
    can vote for one name for each office, regardless
    of party label

The Party Organizations From the Grass Roots to
  • The National Party Organizations
  • National Convention The meeting of party
    delegates every four years to choose a
    presidential ticket and write the partys
  • National Committee One of the institutions that
    keeps the party operating between conventions.

The Party in Government Promises and Policy
  • These are the party members actually elected to
  • Candidates are less dependent on parties to get
    elected, but they still need help
  • Coalition
  • A group of individuals with a common interest
    upon which every political party depends.
  • Parties politicians generally do what they say
    they will do.

The Party in Government Promises and Policy
  • Rep Platform 2000
  • Bush Regan set the stage for todays
  • The party of peace through strength.
  • Personal saving accounts are the cornerstone
  • Dem Platform 2000
  • Clinton turned America into the prosperous
    country of today.
  • Reversed a decline in defense spending.
  • Create privately managed savings accounts.

Party Eras inAmerican History
  • Party Eras
  • Historical periods in which a majority of votes
    cling to the party in power.
  • Critical Election
  • An electoral earthquake where new issues and
    new coalitions emerge.
  • Party Realignment
  • The displacement of the majority party by the
    minority party, usually during a critical

Party Eras inAmerican History
  • 1796-1824 The First Party System
  • Madison warned of factions
  • First party were the Federalists
  • 1828-1856 Jackson and the Democrats Versus the
  • Modern party founded by Jackson
  • Whigs formed mainly in opposition to Democrats

Party Eras inAmerican History
  • 1860-1928 The Two Republican Eras
  • Republicans rose as the antislavery party
  • 1896 election revolved around the gold standard
  • 1932-1964 The New Deal Coalition
  • Forged by the Democrats- relied upon urban
    working class, ethnic groups, Catholics and Jews,
    the poor, Southerners

Party Eras inAmerican History
  • 1968-Present The Era of Divided Party Government
  • Party dealignment- disengagement of people from
  • Party neutrality- people are indifferent towards
    the two parties

Third Parties Their Impact on American Politics
  • Political parties other than Democrat or
  • Rarely win elections
  • But, they bring new groups and people into
  • Two-party system discourages extreme views

Third Parties Their Impact on American Politics
  • Winner-take-all system
  • Legislative seats awarded only to first place
  • Proportional Representation
  • Legislative seats awarded based on votes received
    by the party- more votes, more seats
  • Coalition Government
  • Two or more parties join to run government

Understanding Political Parties
  • Democracy and Responsible Party Government
  • 1. Parties have distinct comprehensive programs.
  • 2. Candidates are committed to the program.
  • 3. Majority party must carry out its program.
  • 4. Majority party must accept responsibility.

Understanding Political Parties
  • Individualism and Gridlock
  • Easier to pass the buck than bite the bullet
  • Lack of uniformity even within parties
  • American Political Parties and the Scope of
  • Lack of uniformity keeps government small
  • But, it also makes cutting government programs
    harder to do

Understanding Political Parties
  • Is the Party Over?
  • No longer the chief source of information for
  • But, state and national party organizations are
    getting stronger
  • Majority of people still identify with a party,
    but still split their tickets
  • Parties will continue to be around

Internet Resources
  • Republicans
  • Democrats
  • Libertarians
  • Reform Party
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com