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POLITICAL PARTIES

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POLITICAL PARTIES Chapter 11 Goal of Parties: TO GET CANDIDATES ELECTED! BUT could our democracy exist without them WHY did they evolve? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POLITICAL PARTIES


1
POLITICAL PARTIES
  • Chapter 11

2
Goal of Parties
  • TO GET CANDIDATES ELECTED!
  • BUT could our democracy exist without them
    WHY did they evolve?
  • Definition?

3
(No Transcript)
4
Five Common Functions of All Political Parties
  • Nominate candidates
  • Run campaigns
  • Provide a party image
  • Advocate specific policies
  • Coordinate policymaking and its implementation
  • Which function is most important to parties?

5
Are Americas two parties extreme in their
differences?
6
Party Eras in U.S. History
  • U.S. has typically been a 2 party nation
  • Does a 2 party system mean that there are only
    2 parties?
  • Party eras are typical in U.S. history
  • Each party era is noted by

7
First Party Era 1796-1824Development of Parties
  • Federalists
  • 1st shortest-lived party
  • Capitalists / bankers, merchants, etc.
  • Only Federalist P?
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Agrarian interests
  • Torn apart by factionalism after Federalists die
    out

8
Second Party Era 1828-1860Rise of the Democrats
  • Andrew Jackson Democrats
  • Common man, farmers, universal male suffrage
  • Whigs were Anti-Jackson party
  • Henry Clay, northern industrialists
  • only 2 Whig Ps who were aging war heroes (Wlm
    Henry Harrison Zachary Taylor)

9
Third Party Era 1860-1896Rise of the
Republicans
  • Anti-slavery party replace Whigs
  • Democrats only control South

Third Party Era 1896-1932Republican Dominance
  • William McKinley v. William Jennings Bryan
  • Gold standard vs. free silver
  • Industry, urban dominance
  • Grand Old Party GOP (Thomas Nast)

10
Fourth Party Era 1932-1964Democratic Dominance
  • New Deal Coalition, FDR
  • Supported by?
  • Great Society, LBJ
  • War on Poverty
  • What tore Dems apart
  • opened door for
  • Republicans in 1968 Nixon?
  • Democrats have only 3 Ps win since LBJ Who?
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