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The Development of Political Parties

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Title: The Development of Political Parties


1
The Development of Political Parties
  • 1780s to 1801

2
Political Parties Emerge
  • Causes
  • Effects
  • 1.Different philosophies of Govt
  • 2.Conflicting interpretations of the Constitution
  • 3.Different economic and regional interests
  • 4. Disagreement over foreign affairs
  • Federalists and Democratic-Republicans propose
    different solutions
  • The two parties nominate candidates
  • Political parties become a way of American life

3
Leadership
  • Federalists
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Thomas Jefferson

4
Government
  • Federalists
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • The wealthy and well-educated should rule the
    nation.
  • The people should have political power

5
Political Power
  • Federalists
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Strong Central Government
  • Emphasis on order and stability
  • Strong State Governments
  • Stressed civil liberties and trust in the people

6
Geographically
  • Federalist
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Northeast
  • South and West

7
Economy
  • Federalists
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Emphasis on manufacturing, shipping, and trade
  • Emphasis on agriculture

8
Bank IssueInterpretation of the Constitution
  • Federalists
  • Democratic- Republicans
  • Yes/Loose
  • No/ Strict

9
Alliances
  • Federalists
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Pro- British
  • The Jay Treaty
  • Pro French
  • The Convention of 1800

10
Tariff
  • Federalists
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Favored a Protective Tariff
  • Opposed a Tariff

11
Debt and Bond Redemption
  • Federalists
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • A national debt would tie the wealthy to the
    government.
  • and
  • Would demonstrate the govt.s ability to pay its
    debts.
  • Encourage confidence in future investments.
  • Would only benefit speculators

12
Legislation
  • Federalists
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798
  • Aliens The French
  • 14 years instead of 5 years to become U.S.
    Citizens.
  • Sedition Critics of the Feds
  • No False, scandalous, and malicious writing
  • Kentucky-Virginia Resolution, 1798
  • Ky Jefferson Va Madison
  • Alien and Sedition acts voided.
  • Power came from the people
  • And therefore states can decide if a federal law
    is Constitutional or not.

13
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14
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15
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16
X-Y-Z Affair
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vafB5NJmER5M

17
Alien and Sedition Acts
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vI9kCvBZGzXcfeature
    related
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