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Development of Political Parties

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Development of Political Parties Ch. 16 section 1 Political Parties Group of people with broad common interests who organize to win elections, control govt., and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Development of Political Parties


1
Development of Political Parties
  • Ch. 16 section 1

2
Political Parties
  • Group of people with broad common interests who
    organize to win elections, control govt., and
    thereby influence govt. policies

3
One-Party System
  • Found in authoritarian govt. through force
  • Ex China, Cuba, North Korea
  • Also found in a Theocracy govt. dominated by
    religion
  • Ex Iran

4
Multiparty Systems
  • When many political parties exist
  • Ex Italy (10) and France (5)
  • Represent different ideologies basic beliefs
    about govt.
  • Because it is difficult for one party to control
    govt., they often combine forces to form a
    coalition govt.

5
Two Party System
  • Govt. in which two political parties compete for
    power
  • Ex United States

6
Growth of American Parties
  • Began with Federalist v. Anti-federalists
  • Federalist supported strong central govt. and
    Anti-federalist (later known as
    Democratic-Republicans) supported more state
    power
  • Democratic-Republicans dominated until they split
    into the Democrat party and the Whig party
  • Whig party later became known as the Republican
    party

7
Third Parties
  • Any party other than one of the two major parties
  • Also known as minor parties
  • There are 3 types single issue, ideological,
    and splinter party

8
Single-Issue Party
  • Focuses on one major social, economic, or moral
    issue
  • Ex. Free Soil Party and Liberty Party
  • Usually short-lived

9
Ideological Party
  • Focuses on overall change in society rather than
    on one issue
  • Ex. Socialist Party, Libertarian Party,
    Communist Party

10
Splinter Party
  • Party that splits away from one of the major
    parties over a disagreement
  • Ex. Theodore Roosevelt left Republican party to
    form Bull Moose Party (Progressive)

11
Impact of Third Parties
  • Although third parties cannot win national
    elections, they can still influence the results
  • Ex Ralph Nader in 2000 and Ross Perot in 1992

12
Obstacles to Third Parties
  • Ballot access
  • Single-member districts when only one person
    can represent a district, regardless of how many
    run for office
  • Proportional representation offices are filled
    in proportion to the votes that each party's
    candidates receive
  • Financing campaigns
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