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Political Parties


Political Parties The House of Commons The Green Party Elizabeth May – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political Parties

Political Parties
The House of Commons
The Green Party
Elizabeth May
Key Terms to Know
  • Platform A formal, written statement outlining
    the policies of a political party
  • Political Parties Organized groups of people
    with common values or goals who compete to get
    candidates elected and to form the government.
  • Political Spectrum A line showing the range of
    political beliefs from liberalism (left) to
    conservatism (right)
  • Interest Groups Organizations of people who
    share social, political and other goals and act
    together to influence governments. They may be
    local, national or international in scope.
  • Referendum A direct yes or no vote of the
    electorate on a specific issue, policy or law.

The Political Spectrum
  • Your views on economic, social, and religious
    issues has a direct impact upon the Political
    Party that you wish to support. For instance,
  • Should the government censor the arts?
  • Should Marijuana be de-criminalized?
  • Should all Canadians receive equal access to
    health care?
  • Should taxes be raised to pay for much needed
    social programs?
  • Should same sex marriages be recognized?

The Political Spectrum
Supporter of the Gun Lobby
Anti-Globalization Rally
The Political Spectrum Right Wing, Left Wing and
  • When people describe their political views, they
    often refer to themselves as Right wing
    (Conservative), left wing (Liberal), or
    moderate (in the middle).
  • How you place yourself on the Political Spectrum
    is based on your responses to Political issues.
  • How do you know what you are?

  • Liberals tend to hold the following Political
  • Government should be heavily involved in the
    lives of citizens.
  • Citizens should have equal opportunities through
    law (e.g. affirmative action programs)
  • Strong support of social programs such as
    welfare, medicare and pensions
  • Higher taxes to pay for social programs
  • A small military

  • Conservatives tend to hold the following views
  • There should be minimal government intervention
    in the economy
  • Citizens should take greater responsibility for
  • They believe in traditional values (e.g.
    religious views on social issues)
  • Lower taxes to increase global competitiveness
  • There should be a strong military

Political Spectrum to Political Parties
  • Where you position yourself on the political
    spectrum has a direct impact on your choice of
    political party.
  • In Canada, right wingers tend to vote for the
    Conservative Party, left wingers the NDP and
    moderates the Liberal Party.
  • Question Would liberals vote for the Liberal

Political Party Platforms
  • Each political party has their own set of
    policies on a number of different issues
  • Health Care
  • Taxes/Government Spending
  • Social Welfare Programs
  • Social Issues (e.g.Same Sex Marriage)
  • Job Creation/ Trade Initiatives (e.g.
    Globalization, NAFTA)
  • The Military (e.g. the War in Afghanistan)

Political Party Platforms
  • When a political party presents their ideas
    before the electorate on a series of issues, they
    are said to be presenting their Political
  • How do you win an election?
  • By presenting a political platform that
    represents the views of the majority of the
    electorate (Canadians, Ontarians,
    Georgetownians?, etc)

Who would you vote for?
Political Party Platforms
When you write the Political Platform You want to
make sure that the policies Enclosed reflect the
prevailing interests Of the majority of
Canadians. A strong platform can win an election!
The Conservative Partys Platform
What else do you need for electoral success?
Who would you vote for? What is Charisma?
  • For many, the main ingredient for electoral
    success is charisma the ability to inspire the
    people to join you in a march towards greater
  • Who has Charisma?

Barack Obama
Hilary Clinton
Stephane Dion
How do you define Charisma? Who has it? Who
doesnt? Do you need it to be successful In
Pierre Elliot Trudeau
How do Political Parties decide which policies to
  • There are many different issues that Political
    Parties need to deal with
  • Health Care
  • The Environment
  • Taxes/Government Spending
  • Social Welfare Programs
  • Social Issues (e.g.Same Sex Marriage)
  • Job Creation/ Trade Initiatives (e.g.
  • The Military (e.g. the War in Afghanistan).
  • What should they do?

Trade issues are a hot topic!
Political Parties have to Address many issues in
their Party Platforms
The Environment
Health Care
Political Parties have to Address many issues
Funding for Education
Legal Issues
Political Parties have to Address many issues
Social Welfare issues
Taxiation Taxes are too high!!!
Political Parties have to Address many issues
  • Military spending is always an important issue.
    For some, spending on infrastructure and
    Healthcare is more important than funding
    Canadas military.
  • For others, Canadas lack of sufficient military
    spending has been an international embarrassment.

Who decides Policy? Interest Groups
  • Interest groups try to influence policy makers to
    adopt laws in accordance with their views.
  • Ducks Unlimited tries to influence environmental
  • The Canadian Labour Congress (CLC) tries to
    influence trade policies (e.g. Nafta).
  • Some interest groups are more effective than
    others. Why would this be the case?

Who decides Policy? Interest Groups
  • Some Interest Groups like the CFIB are very
    influencial with parties like the Conservative
    Party while groups like the CLC are popular with
    the NDP.
  • However, some groups are so radical
    (controversial) that main stream parties are
    afraid to take up their cause (e.g. GreenPeace).
  • Can the tactics of Greenpeace still be effective?
    Is the support of the mainstream parties

Greenpeace making their point!
Interest Groups Lobbyists
  • Lobbyists are paid by corporations to influence
    public policy.
  • For instance, if you are a company that wants low
    corporate taxes, you lobby the government for
    lower taxiation.
  • If you want to secure a large government
    contract, you hire a lobbyist to bend the ear
    of the Prime Minister and members of the Cabinet.
  • Some Lobbyists are highly influencial especially
    former prime ministers!

Former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney (left) Acted
as a Lobbyist for Airbus Corporation Represented
by Karl-Heinz Schrieber (right)
Should Lobbying be legal?
Canadas Political Parties
  • Based on their Party Platforms, who would you
    vote for?

Remember They want your Vote!
  • Although you need to be 18 to vote in Canadian
    Federal elections, the main political parties
    care about your opinions.
  • Why is this so? Why are the young liberals so
    important to the Liberal Party of Canada?
  • What role do you want to play in politics? Do
    you want to join a political party? Explain your

The Liberal Youth Wing
What have we learned?
  • Key Terms
  • The Political Spectrum
  • Mainstream Political Issues
  • Political Parties in Canada
  • Electoral Success
  • How to influence the Creation of Policies
  • How to become involved in politics.
  • Future Directions
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